Events in History on June 26

  • 363 Roman Emperor Julian is killed during retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by troops on the battlefield.
  • 684 St Benedict II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1284 Pied Piper lures 130 children of Hamelin away (actually happened)
  • 1409 Council of Pisa selects Petros Philargi as 3rd Pope: Alexander V
  • 1483 Duke of Gloucester appoints himself King Richard III of England
  • 1498 Toothbrush invented in China using boar bristles
  • 1553 Christ's Hospital in England granted a charter
  • 1630 Swedish troops under Gustaf II Adolf lands at Peenemunde
  • 1714 Spain & Netherlands sign peace/trade agreement
  • 1718 Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great's son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him.
  • 1721 Dr Zabdiel Boylston gives 1st smallpox inoculations in America
  • 1723 After a lasting siege and bombardment by cannons, Baku surrenders to the Russians.
  • 1794 Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon
  • 1797 Charles Newbold patents 1st cast-iron plow. He can't sell it to farmers, though, they fear effects of iron on soil!
  • 1807 Lightning hits gunpowder warehouse in Luxembourg; 230 die
  • 1843 Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony
  • 1848 1st pure food law enacted in US
  • 1848 End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1857 The first 62 recipients are awarded the Victoria Cross for valour in the Crimean war by Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • 1862 Battle of Beaver Dam Creek-Union repulses Confederacy in Virginia
  • 1862 Day 2 of 7 Days-Battle of Mechanicsville VA (Meadow Bridge)
  • 1862 US Army of Virginia established under Gen John Pope
  • 1870 1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens
  • 1870 The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
  • 1879 Ismael Pasha resigns as khedive of Egypt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 Karl Benz of Germany receives US patent for gasoline-driven auto

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1900 Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
  • 1900 Japan mobilizes 20,000 troops to help put down the Boxer uprising in China and to advance their long-term interest in gaining land and power in mainland Asia
  • 1900 The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there
  • 1902 Order of Merit instituted by King Edward VII
  • 1902 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 3 Garidebs" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Aga Khan III is appointed Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • 1907 Bolsheviks overthrows transport in Tiflis
  • 1909 Victoria & Albert Museum opens in London
  • 1911 Nieuport sets an aircraft speed record of 83 mph (133 kph)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 The Indian Relief Act, passes after a protracted period of Passive Resistance led by Gandhi; it abolishes a £3 tax imposed on Indians who had not renewed their indentures and recognizes "the validity of Indian customary marriages"

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1915 Germany suppresses "Vorwarts" newspaper after it called for peace
  • 1917 1st US Expeditionary Force arrive in France during WW I
  • 1918 The Australian steamer Wimmera is sunk by a mine laid north of Cape Maria van Diemen in 1917 by the German raider Wolf; 26 of its 151 passengers and crew were killed
  • 1919 NY Daily News begins publishing
  • 1922 The emergency decrees under Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution are invoked by the government to deal with deteriorating economic conditions
  • 1924 After 8 years of occupation, US troops leave Dominican Republic
  • 1927 Comet 7P/Pons-Winnecke approaches within 0.0394 AUs of Earth
  • 1927 The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island
  • 1929 ENKA/Vereinigte Glanzstoff Factory merge AKU (Genl Kunstzijde Union)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 FDR signs Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 Germany & Poland sign non-aggression treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 W.E.B. Du Bois resigns position at NAACP

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 1935 Andrew Sandham's 100th FC hundred, 103 v Hants
  • 1935 Lloyd Waner sets record of 18 putouts in center in doubleheader
  • 1935 SDAP & CPH achieve majority in city council in Amsterdam
  • 1935 Work service for recent graduates becomes obligatory in Germany
  • 1936 1st flight of Fw61 helicopter
  • 1936 Everett Marshall beats Ali Baba in Columbus, to become wrestling champ
  • 1940 End of USSR experimental calendar; Gregorian readopted 6/27
  • 1941 Finland enters WW II against Russia
  • 1941 Lithuanian fascists massacre 2,300 Jews in Kovno
  • 1942 German assault on British at Mersa Matruh
  • 1944 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

1945 United Nations Charter signed by 50 nations in San Francisco

  • 1946 Dutch Nazi collaborator Arnold Meijer sentenced to 5 years
  • 1946 Fred Allen's last radio show, his guest is Jack Benny
  • 1948 US begin airlift “Operation Vittles” to West Berlin
  • 1949 1st Belgian parliamentary election where women can vote (CVP gains)
  • 1950 Pres Gottwald of Czechoslovakia confirms Milada Horakova's death sentence
  • 1952 Dutch social democratic party wins elections (29%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Nelson Mandela & 51 others infringe South Africa curfew

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1953 Russian vice-premier/interior minister Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria arrested
  • 1955 Freedom Charter signed in South Africa
  • 1958 Gaston Eyskens becomes Premier of Belgium
  • 1958 Mackinac Straits Bridge, Michigan dedicated
  • 1958 Vanguard SLV-2 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Queen Elizabeth & President Eisenhower open St Lawrence Seaway

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1959 9th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Cousins" wins Golden Bear
  • 1960 British Somaliland (now Somalia) gains independence from Britain
  • 1960 Hall of Fame allows veteran committee to vote annually
  • 1960 Italian Somaliland declares independence from Italian administration
  • 1960 Madagascar (formerly Malagasy Rep) declares independence from France
  • 1962 Blacks begin passive resistance in Cairo Ill
  • 1963 Alfons Gorbach forms Austrian government
  • 1963 Dutch 2nd Chamber condemns commercial TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 US President John F. Kennedy gives his famous "Ich bin ein Berliner" (intended to mean "I am a Berliner", but may actually mean "I am a dougnut") speech in West Berlin

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1964 Blacks & Whites riot over racial segregation in St Augustine
  • 1964 Moise Tsjombe forms government in Congo
  • 1964 14th Berlin International Film Festival: "Dry Summer" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1965 Wallon party forms in Belgium
  • 1966 Kanton Bazel leads female suffrage in Switzerland
  • 1967 Pope Paul VI names 27 new cardinals
  • 1968 Executive Council decides both AL & NL to divide into 2 divisions

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1968 Iwo Jima & Bonin Islands returned to Japan by US

  • 1970 Two young girls die in a premature explosion in Derry after their father, a member of the Irish Republican Army, was making an incendiary device, presumably for use against the British Army
  • 1971 Angels suspend Alex Johnson (after 5 benchings & 29 fines)
  • 1971 21st Berlin International Film Festival: "The Garden of the Finzi-Continis" wins the Golden Bear
  • 1972 IRA proclaims resistant in North-Ireland
  • 1972 The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) begin a "bi-lateral truce" as at midnight
  • 1972 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill two British Army soldiers in separate attacks during the day
  • 1973 On Plesetsk Cosmodrome, USSR, 9 people are killed in an explosion of a Cosmos 3-M rocket.
  • 1974 The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Indian PM Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1975 Two FBI agents and a member of the American Indian Movement are killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota; Leonard Peltier is later convicted of the murders in a controversial trial.
  • 1975 U.S. Supreme Court's rules unanimously in "O'Connor v. Donaldson" that non-dangerous people can't be confined to psychiatric facilities without adequate treatment if able to live viably in outside society
  • 1977 42 die in fire inmate causes at Maury County Jail in Columbia Tenn
  • 1977 The Yorkshire Ripper kills 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she was the first victim who was not a prostitute.
  • 1978 Brittany separatists bomb Palace of Versailles in France
  • 1978 First dedicated oceanographic satellite, SEASAT 1, launched
  • 1978 Air Canada Flight 189 to Toronto overruns the runway and crashes into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of 107 passengers on board perish.
  • 1982 Carlos Lopes runs European record 10km (27:34.39)
  • 1982 US vetos UN Security Council resolution for a limited withdrawal from Beirut of Israeli & Palestine Liberation Organization forces
  • 1983 "Loving" premieres on TV
  • 1984 1st flight of Shuttle Discovery (41-D) scrubbed at T -4
  • 1987 Supreme Court Justice Lewis F Powell Jr announces his retirement
  • 1989 Canada updates coins with a new potrait of the Queen
  • 1989 Supreme Court rules 16 year olds can receive death penalty
  • 1990 122°F in Phoenix Arizona
  • 1990 8 KS & OK radio stations boycott k d lang, due to her anti-meat ad
  • 1990 New Kid on the Block Donnie Wahlberg release from hospital after fall
  • 1991 ANC leader Nelson Mandela addresses congress
  • 1991 Amy Elizabeth Goodman, of California, crowned America's Junior Miss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Ky medical examiner announces Zachary Taylor died of natural causes

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • 1992 India leases Tin Bigha corridor to Bangladesh
  • 1992 NYC's MTA votes to ban cigarette ads on Jan 1, 1993
  • 1992 Supreme Court rules fund soliciting can be banned at airports
  • 1993 Rebecca Jones, 18, of Georgia, crowned America's Junior Miss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 The U.S. launches a cruise missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H. W. Bush in April in Kuwait.

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1994 104°F (40°C) at Denver, Colorado
  • 1994 107°F (41.6°C) at Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1994 112°F (44.4°C) at El Paso, Texas
  • 1994 122°F (50°C) at Laughlin, Nevada
  • 1994 126°F (52.2°C) in Death Valley, Calif
  • 1994 Air Ivory Fokker-27 crashes at Abidjan (16 killed/1 lives)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 PLO leader Yasser Arafat returns to Gaza after 27 years

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Gunmen ambush Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak who escapes unharmed

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak
  • 1995 Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani deposes his father Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani, the Emir of Qatar, in a bloodless coup.
  • 1996 Irish Journalist Veronica Guerin is shot in her car while in traffic in the outskirts of Dublin
  • 1997 Galileo, Ganymede Observations (Orbit 9)
  • 1997 The U.S. Supreme Court strikes down Internet indecency law
  • 1997 The U.S. Supreme Court upholds doctor-assisted suicide ban
  • 1997 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Communications Decency Act violates the First Amendment

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone is published, the first instalment of the best selling series by J. K. Rowling

Novelist J. K. Rowling
J. K. Rowling
  • 2003 The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Lawrence v. Texas that gender-based sodomy laws are unconstitutional.
  • 2008 The U.S. Supreme Court rules in District of Columbia v. Heller that the ban on handguns in the District of Columbia is unconstitutional.
  • 2013 20 people are killed after a rescue helicopter crashes in Uttarakhand
  • 2013 Kevin Rudd defeats Julia Gillard in a leadership battle to become Australian Prime Minister
  • 2014 Following a military coup in Thailand, people have been warned that anyone calling for protest on social media will be prosecuted for sedition
  • 2015 US Supreme Court rules 5-4 same-sex marriage is a legal right across all US states
  • 2015 Gunman opens fire at beach resort in Sousse, Tunisia, killing 38. Isis claims responsibility.
  • 2015 Saudi suicide bomber kills 27 at Shia Imam al-Sadiq mosque in Kuwait, 227 injured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Greek Credit Crisis: Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras calls for a Greek referendum on new bailout terms

Prime Minister of Greece Alexis Tsipras
Prime Minister of Greece
Alexis Tsipras
  • 2016 City of Falluja freed from Islamic State control after a month-long campaign by Iraqi forces
  • 2016 Iceland’s presidential election is won by history professor Guðni Jóhannesson