Events in History on March 11

  • 1425 BC Thutmose III, Pharaoh of Egypt, dies (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty).
  • 417 Zosimus becomes bishop of Rome
  • 537 Goths lay siege to Rome
  • 843 Icon veneration officially re-instated in Hagia Sophia Cathedral in Constantinople
  • 928 Trpimir II succeeds to the Croatian throne.
  • 1387 The Battle of Castagnaro begins.
  • 1502 Ismail I crowned Shah of Persia (rules till 1524), founder of the Safavid dynasty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1513 Giovanni de' Medici chosen Pope Leo X

Pope Leo X
Leo X

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1563 League of High Nobles routes 2nd protest against King Philip II

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1567 Geuzen army leaves Walcheren to return to Oosterweel
  • 1597 Land guardian Albrecht occupies Amiens on France
  • 1649 The Frondeurs (French rebels) and the French government sign the Peace of Rueil.
  • 1665 NY approves new code guaranteeing Protestants religious rights
  • 1669 Volcano Etna in Italy erupts killing 15,000
  • 1702 1st English daily newspaper "Daily Courant" publishes
  • 1708 Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation.
  • 1779 US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 Benjamin Banneker and Pierre Charles L'Enfant begin to lay out Washington, D.C.

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
Washington D.C. Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Washington D.C. Architect
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
  • 1791 Samuel Mulliken is 1st to obtain more than one US patent
  • 1795 Battle at Kurdla India: Mahratten beat Mogols
  • 1812 Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews
  • 1823 1st normal school in US opens, Concord Academy, Concord, Vt
  • 1824 US War Dept creates the Bureau of Indian Affair
  • 1835 HMS Beagle anchors off Valparaiso, Chile

AgreementTreaty of Waitangi

1845 The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.

  • 1848 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government.
  • 1850 Woman's Medical College of Penn (1st female medical school)
  • 1861 Confederate convention in Montgomery adopts constitution (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Lincoln removes George McClellen as general-in-chief

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 12] Gen Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia Army of the Potomac. Gen Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • 1864 The Great Sheffield Flood: the largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 General William T. Sherman's Union forces occupies Fayetteville, NC

  • 1872 Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.
  • 1872 The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture.
  • 1882 Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton NJ
  • 1888 Great blizzard of '88 strikes northeastern US
  • 1895 Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks in Straits of Gibraltar, over 400 die
  • 1897 A meteorite enters the earth's atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported.
  • 1900 British Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury rejects peace overtures from the Boer leader Paul Kruger (on 5 March) as demanding too-favourable terms
  • 1910 Jack Hobbs 1st Test ton (187 v SAfr), his only Test hit wicket
  • 1912 Eleftherios Venizelos, leader of the Liberal Party, wins the Greek elections again.
  • 1915 The British declare a blockade of all German ports
  • 1917 British forces occupy Baghdad, the capital of Mesopotamia, after Turkish forces evacuated
  • 1918 Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia
  • 1918 Save the Redwoods League founded
  • 1918 First confirmed cases of the Spanish Flu in the US are reported at Fort Riley, Kansas.
  • 1919 General strike in Germany crushed
  • 1920 Syria proclaims Emir Feisal king after the country has fought off French domination
  • 1922 Western Hockey Championship: Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) sweep Regina Capitals, in 2 games
  • 1924 3rd term of Belgium Theunis government begins
  • 1924 Eden Phillpotts' "Farmer's Wife" premieres in London
  • 1926 Eamon da Valera ends leadership of Sinn Fein
  • 1927 1st armored commercial car hold-up in US, Pittsburgh
  • 1927 1st golden gloves tournament
  • 1927 Samuel Roxy Rothafel opens famous Roxy Theater (NYC)
  • 1930 William Taft, US 27th President & Chief Justice buried in Arlington
  • 1931 Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.
  • 1935 Bank of Canada first opens on Wellington Street, Ottawa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Hermann Goering officially creates German Air Force, the Luftwaffe

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1936 British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin pardons five convicted Irish militants who promise to join growing conflict with Germany.
  • 1938 Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 FDR signs Lend-Lease Bill (lend money to Britain)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Gen MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1942 Japanese troop land on North Sumatra
  • 1943 Nazi Militia forms in Netherlands
  • 1944 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
  • 1945 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs
  • 1945 Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death
  • 1948 Jewish Agency of Jerusalem bombed
  • 1953 1st woman army doctor commissioned (FM Adams)
  • 1953 American B-47 accidentally drops a nuclear bomb 15,000 feet on Mars Bluff, South Carolina; it created a crater 75 feet acrosss, but the nuclear core did not detonate, due to 6 safety catches

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 US Army charges Senator Joseph McCarthy used undue pressure tactics

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy
  • 1958 Charles Van Doren finally loses on TV game show "21"
  • 1958 Starting this season, AL batters are required to wear batting helmets
  • 1959 "Raisin in the Sun", 1st Broadway play by a black woman, opens
  • 1960 Pioneer 5 launched into solar orbit between Earth & Venus
  • 1963 Somalia drops diplomatic relations with Great Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Indonesia President Sukarno accepts qualifications of Suharto

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia

BattleCoup d'état

1966 Military coup led by Indonesian Gen Suharto breaks out

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia
  • 1966 A fire at two ski resorts in Numata, Japan kills 31 people.
  • 1968 Anti-Zionist Clandestine Radio Voice of El Assifa starts transmitting
  • 1968 Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 12nd string quartet
  • 1968 Otis Redding posthumously receives gold record for " Dock of the Bay"
  • 1970 Iraq Ba'th Party recognizes Kurd nation
  • 1972 OPEC threatens "appropriate sanctions" against companies that "fail to comply with . . . any action taken by a Member Country in accordance with [OPEC] decisions."
  • 1974 Mount Etna in Sicily erupted
  • 1974 Rhino Store gives people 5 cents to take home Danny Bonaduce's Album
  • 1975 Rightist military coup in Portugal under General António de Spínola fails
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Muslims hold 130 hostages in Wash DC
  • 1978 Terrorists attack mail truck at Tel Aviv, 45 killed
  • 1978 USF-led Bill Cartwright scores 23 points as the Dons oust NC
  • 1981 Chile constitution takes effect, Augusto Pinochet 2nd term begins
  • 1982 Failed military coup under Rambocus/Hawker in Suriname
  • 1982 Harrison Williams (Sen-D-NJ) resigned rather than face expulsion

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1982 Menachem Begin & Anwar Sadat sign peace treaty in Washington, D.C.

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1982 US boycotts Libyan crude oil
  • 1983 Ice Pairs Championship at Helsinki won by Valova & Vasiliev (URS)
  • 1983 Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Helsinki won by Rosalynn Sumners (USA)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Mikhail Gorbachev replaces Konstantin Chernenko as Soviet leader

General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1986 1 million days since the foundation of Rome on April 21st, 753 BC
  • 1986 187.27 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986 Japanese probe Sakigake flies by Halley's Comet at 6.8 million km
  • 1988 Utrecht conservatory destroyed by fire
  • 1988 British pound note ceases to be legal tender, replaced by one pound coin
  • 1990 Lithuania declares its Independence
  • 1993 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Prague won by Kurt Browning CAN
  • 1994 Eduardo Frei succeeds Patricio Aylwin as President of Chile
  • 1995 -36.8°F (-38.2°C) in Chosedachar, Komi-district, on 67°N
  • 1995 Pres Nazarbajev disbands Kazachstan parliament
  • 1995 Sinn Fein party leader, Gerry Adams, arrives in US
  • 1995 Yolanda Chen hop-skip-jumps world indoor record 15.03m
  • 1996 Chris Harris scores 130 in losing NZ side v Australia, World Cup
  • 1996 Mark Waugh scores 110 v NZ for his third century of the World Cup
  • 1996 The EU Database Directive is passed.
  • 1996 John Winston Howard becomes the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. His term in office is the second longest in Australian history, ending on December 3, 2007.
  • 1999 Infosys becomes the first Indian company listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange.
  • 2003 The International Criminal Court holds its inaugural session in The Hague.
  • 2004 Terrorists explode simultaneous bombs on Madrid's rail network ripping through a commuter train and rocking three stations, killing 190

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2006 Michelle Bachelet is inaugurated as the first female president of Chile.

President of Chile Michelle Bachelet
President of Chile
Michelle Bachelet
  • 2009 Winnenden school shooting - 17 people are killed at a school in Germany.
  • 2010 Sebastián Piñera become chilean president.
  • 2011 9.0 magnitude earthquake strikes 130 km (80 miles) east of Sendai, Japan, triggering a tsunami killing thousands of people and causing the second worst nuclear accident in history
  • 2012 US soldier kills 16 civilians in Afghanistan
  • 2013 European Union bans the sale of cosmetics that have been tested on animals
  • 2013 North Korea cuts the phone line with South Korea, breaching the 1953 armistice
  • 2013 Falkland Islands’ sovereignty referendum: 99.8% choose to remain an Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom
  • 2014 Refugees from Syria pour into the Kingdom of Jordan