Events in History on March 13

  • 483 St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 607 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 624 Battle of Badr: Muhammad's Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan army
  • 1138 German king Koenraad II von Hohenstaufen crowned
  • 1560 Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli
  • 1564 Cardinal Granvelle flees Brussels
  • 1567 Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger
  • 1569 Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots
  • 1591 Battle at Tondibi: Moroccan army under Judar defeats Sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai
  • 1634 Academie Francaise opens
  • 1639 Cambridge College renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard
  • 1656 Jews are denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam
  • 1677 Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000
  • 1735 1st US Moravian bishop, David Nitschmann, consecrated in Germany
  • 1759 27th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1772 Gotthold Lessing's "Emilia Calotti" premieres in Brunswick

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1781 William Herschel sees what he thinks is a "comet" but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin departs Valparaiso for Andes crossing

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1846 Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena" premieres in Königsberg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 US Civil war: Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1865 US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1869 Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law
  • 1884 Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins by Mahdist forces, lasts 10 months
  • 1884 US adopts Standard Time
  • 1887 Chester Greenwood of Maine patents earmuffs
  • 1888 Great Blizzard of 1888 rages
  • 1897 San Diego State University is founded.
  • 1900 British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State
  • 1900 In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.
  • 1903 Fall of the Sokoto Caliphate in Northern Nigeria, the British claim supremacy of over 500,000 square miles
  • 1904 Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilean border dedicated
  • 1911 The Colonial-Born and Settlers Indian Association is formed at a meeting in Durban, South Africa, and has at its aim to fight the infamous 3 poll tax
  • 1912 Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • 1913 Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Trotsky gains control of the Red Army

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1918 American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
  • 1920 After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike
  • 1921 Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 George Bernard Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh V" premieres in NYC

  • 1922 WRR-AM in Dallas TX begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (NYC)
  • 1925 Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution
  • 1930 Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory
  • 1933 American banks allowed to reopen after a government imposed bank holiday

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Joseph Goebbels becomes Nazi Germany's Minister of Information and Propaganda

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels
  • 1935 Driving tests introduced in Great Britain
  • 1938 Anschluss - Austria annexed by Nazi Germany
  • 1940 Finland-Russian cease fire signed, the Winter War ends. Finland gives up Karelische
  • 1941 A Bougne forms AGRA (Amis du Grand Reich Allemand)
  • 1942 Julia Flikke, Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1943 Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)
  • 1944 USSR recognizes Italian Badoglio government
  • 1945 Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands
  • 1945 Sicherheitsdienst arrest Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
  • 1946 Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms Belgium government - shortest Belgium government (ends 31 March)
  • 1949 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
  • 1949 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1950 General Motors reports net earnings of $656,434,232 (record)
  • 1951 2nd Dutch government of Drees forms
  • 1951 Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany
  • 1954 Viet Minh General Giap opens assault on That Bien Phu
  • 1955 Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal

BattleBattle of Interest

1957 Bloody battles after anti-Batista demonstration in Havana Cuba

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1958 Government troops land in Sumatra Indonesia
  • 1961 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes President of US Communist Party

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 Landslide in USSR, kills 145
  • 1961 Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender
  • 1962 Yugoslavia grants 1,000 prisoners amnesty
  • 1963 2 Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska
  • 1963 Indonesia & Netherlands recover diplomatic relations
  • 1964 Turkey threatens Cyprus with armed attack
  • 1967 Congo sentences ex-premier Moise Tsjombe to death
  • 1967 Robert Anderson's "You Know I Can't Hear You ..." premieres in NYC
  • 1969 Apollo 9 returns to Earth
  • 1970 100 year Beehive anniversary ends in brawl in Amsterdam
  • 1970 Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer
  • 1970 SF city employees begin 4-day strike
  • 1971 Live at Fillmore East recorded
  • 1973 Syria adopts constitution
  • 1973 Minskoff Theater opens at 200 W 45th St NYC
  • 1974 Glenn Turner scores twin tons for NZ's 1st win against Aust
  • 1975 Bernard Slade's "Same Time, Next Year," premieres in NYC
  • 1977 Dennis Lillee takes 6-26, England all out 95 in Centenary Test
  • 1978 Moluccan "suicide commandos" occupies Province house
  • 1979 European Monetary System is established, ECU created
  • 1979 Gairy dictatorship in Grenada overthrown by New Jewel Movement
  • 1980 Eric Heiden skates world record 1000m (1:13.60)
  • 1980 Ford Motor Co found innocent in death of 3 women in a fiery Pinto
  • 1980 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Dortmund won by Jan Hoffmann GDR
  • 1982 Ice Pairs Championship at Copenhagen won by Baess & Thierbach (GDR)
  • 1982 Worlds Ladies Fig Skate Champs in Copenhagen won by Elaine Zayak (USA)
  • 1983 1st USFL overtime game-Birmingham Stallions beat Oakld Invaders 20-14
  • 1985 Funeral services held for Konstantin Chernenko (Moscow)
  • 1985 Michael Secrest (US) begins 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards
  • 1986 Soyuz T-15 carries 2 cosmonauts to Soviet space station Mir
  • 1986 Microsoft has its Initial public offering.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 John Gotti is acquitted of racketeering

Gangster John Gotti
John Gotti
  • 1987 Washington Caps score 5 goals against Toronto in 3 mins & 3 secs
  • 1989 27th shuttle, Discovery 8, launched, 1st woman to do the countdown
  • 1989 FDA orders recall of all Chilean fruit in US
  • 1989 US space shuttle STS-29 launched
  • 1990 Nicholoas Braithwaite elected premier of Grenada
  • 1991 Exxon pays $1-billion dollars in fines & cleanup of Valdez oil spill
  • 1991 Saudi Arabia and Iran say OPEC oil production cuts will take effect April 1
  • 1992 FCC rules companies can own 30 AM & 30 FM stations (formerly 12)
  • 1992 An earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills over 500 in Erzincan, eastern Turkey.
  • 1993 Blizzard of '93 hits north-east US
  • 1994 33.3% of Austria votes for ultra-right Freedom Party
  • 1994 Oil tank/airship crash at Bosporus (huge fire/15+ killed)
  • 1994 President Mangope of Bophuthatswana deposed
  • 1995 Anti fascist Kazachstan anti-parliament forms
  • 1995 Hungarian Forint devalued 9%
  • 1995 Istanbul police shoot dead 16 Alawitische demonstrators
  • 1996 Sri Lanka beat India in World Cup semi as riots stop play
  • 1996 At Dunblane Primary School, Scotland, 16 children and 1 teacher are shot dead by Thomas Hamilton who then commits suicide. As a result handguns were banned in the UK.
  • 1997 India's Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.
  • 2003 Human evolution: The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old footprints of an upright-walking human have been found in Italy.
  • 2005 Terry Ratzmann shoots and kills six members of the Living Church of God and the minister at Sheraton Inn in Brookfield, Wisconsin before killing himself.
  • 2008 Gold prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange hit $1,000.00 an ounce for the first time.
  • 2012 19 people are shot dead in a bus attack in Ethiopia
  • 2012 Encyclopaedia Britannica announces that it will no longer publish printed versions of its encyclopaedia
  • 2012 110 people are killed and 63 are missing after a ferry collides with an oil tanker near Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • 2012 28 people, including 22 children, are killed in a motorway bus crash near Sierre, Switzerland
  • 2013 10 people are killed by a suicide bombing in Kunduz province, Afghanistan
  • 2013 The European Parliament rejects a European Union budget for the first time
  • 2013 An Embraer 821 aeroplane crashes and kills 9 people in Para, Brazil
  • 2013 North Korea shreds the Korean Armistice agreement
  • 2013 Aleqa Hammond’s Siumut party wins the Greenland parliamentary elections

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2013 Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio is elected the new pope, taking the papal name Pope Francis

Pope Francis
  • 2014 After protests earlier this month, the Israeli parliament votes 65 to 1 for legislation that ends exemptions from military service for ultra-Orthodox Jewish seminary students
  • 2015 Cyclone Pam causes widespread damage in Vanuatu and the South Pacific, including 15-16 deaths.
  • 2016 Suicide Bombing in Ankara, Turkey kills 37 people