Events in History on March 14

  • 1489 The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice.
  • 1559 Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht & Woudrichem, Netherlands
  • 1590 Battle of Ivry: French King Henri IV beats Catholic League during French Wars of Religion
  • 1644 England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)
  • 1647 Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.
  • 1653 Johan van Galen beats English fleet at Livorno
  • 1689 Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen
  • 1743 1st American town meeting (Boston's Faneuil Hall)
  • 1757 On board HMS Monarch (his own flagship), British Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for neglecting his duty "Pour encourager les autres".

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1794 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin machine revolutionizing the cotton industry in the southern US states

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • 1800 Luigi Chiaramonti crowned Pope Pius VII
  • 1812 Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
  • 1821 African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (NY)
  • 1826 General Congress of South American States assembles at Panama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leaves Australia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1840 Jose Zorilla's "El Zapatero y el Rey" premieres in Madrid
  • 1843 Boston conducts its 1st town meeting (Faneuil Hall)
  • 1845 -5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen
  • 1847 Premiere of Verdi's "Macbeth" at the Teatro della Pergola, Florence
  • 1862 Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern
  • 1864 Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle" premieres in Paris
  • 1864 Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
  • 1869 Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand.
  • 1870 California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • 1875 Smetana's "Vysehrad" premieres
  • 1888 2nd largest snowfall in NYC history (21")
  • 1889 August Strindberg's "Froken Julie" premieres in Copenhagen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his "Navigable Balloon"

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • 1896 Sutro Baths (SF) opens by Cliff House (closed Sept 1, 1952)
  • 1900 Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics
  • 1900 US currency goes on gold standard after Congress passes the Currency Act
  • 1901 Germany's Chancellor von Bulow declares that the agreement Germany signed with England in October 1900, to restrain foreign aggression and maintain open trade, does not apply to Manchuria
  • 1903 1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, FL
  • 1903 WB Yeats & Lady Gregory's "Hour-glass" premieres in Dublin
  • 1904 In a landmark case, Northern Securities Company v United States, the Supreme Court finds that the company has violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act; this is the first case that T. Roosevelt has undertaken in his 'trust-busting' campaign
  • 1907 By Presidential order, the US excludes Japanese laborers from entering the country
  • 1909 Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms
  • 1910 Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vented to atmosphere.
  • 1912 King Vittorio Emanuel III of Italy injured in an assassination attempt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • 1913 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • 1914 Serbia & Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1915 German cruiser Dresden scuttled off Más a Tierra, Chile, having been pursued by the Royal Navy after the Battle of the Falkland Islands, with her engines worn out and virtually no coal.
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun - German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun
  • 1918 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched, SF
  • 1922 KGU-AM in Honolulu HI begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 KSD-AM in Saint Louis MO begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WGR-AM in Buffalo NY begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Allies accepts Vilnus taking East-Galicia in Poland
  • 1923 German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP (Nazi party)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 US President Warren G. Harding becomes 1st president to pay taxes

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1926 A train in Costa Rica falls into the Río Virilla, killing 248 and injuring 93.
  • 1933 Civilian Conservation Corp begins tree conservation
  • 1935 36-Folsom becomes 1st line to use 1-man streetcars
  • 1936 Federal Register, 1st magazine of the US government, publishes 1st issue
  • 1937 Battle of the Century: Fred Allen & Jack Benny meet on radio
  • 1937 Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
  • 1939 England draw with South Africa at Durban on the 10th day
  • 1939 Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia
  • 1940 27 killed, 15 injured when truck full of migrant workers collides with a train outside McAllen, Texas
  • 1941 Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies
  • 1943 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"
  • 1945 RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm
  • 1948 Freedom Train arrives in SF
  • 1950 FBI's "10 Most Wanted Fugitives" program begins
  • 1951 During Korean War, US/UN forces recapture Seoul
  • 1951 Earthquake at Euskirchen, Germany
  • 1955 Prince Mahemdra becomes king of Nepal
  • 1956 Satchel Paige signs with the Birmingham Black Barons (Negro League)
  • 1957 Indonesian government of Sastroamidjojo resigns
  • 1958 RIAA certifies 1st gold record (Perry Como's Catch A Falling Star)
  • 1958 Recording Industry Association of American created
  • 1958 South Africa's government prohibits the African National Congress
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Danny Meyer, American restaurateur (Shake Shack, Union Square Cafe), born in St. Louis, Missouri

Restaurateur and Founder of Shake Shack Danny Meyer
Restaurateur and Founder of Shake Shack
Danny Meyer
  • 1960 14 die in a train crash in Bakersfield Calif
  • 1962 Disarmament conference opens in Geneva without France

MurderMurder of Interest

1964 Dallas, Texas; Jack Ruby sentenced to death for Lee Harvey Oswald's murder

Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald Jack Ruby
Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald
Jack Ruby
  • 1965 Israeli cabinet approves diplomatic relations with West Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 JFK's body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1971 South Vietnamese troops flee Laos
  • 1972 Two IRA members shot dead by British soldiers in the Bogside area of Derry
  • 1973 Liam Cosgrave appointed president of Ireland
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1978 Marines terminate Molukse action in Province house (1 dead)
  • 1979 A Hawker Siddeley Trident crashes into a factory near Beijing, China, killing at least 200.
  • 1980 Ice Pairs Championship at Dortmund won by Cherkasova & Shakhrai (USSR)
  • 1980 Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Dortmund won by Anett Potzsch
  • 1983 OPEC cut oil prices for 1st time in 23 years
  • 1984 Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 41-C mission
  • 1984 Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast.
  • 1985 Michael Secrest (US) completes 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards
  • 1986 European Space Agency's Giotto flies by Halley's Comet (605 km)
  • 1987 Providence, with Billy Donovan's 25 points, beats Austin Peay 90-87
  • 1987 Skier Piotr Fijas jumps record 194m
  • 1987 Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Cincinnati won by Katarina Witt
  • 1990 Mikhail S Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress
  • 1991 Emir of Kuwait returns to Kuwait City, after the Iraqis leave
  • 1991 Ice Pairs Championship at Munich won by N Mishkutenok & A Dmitriev
  • 1991 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Munich won by Kurt Browning (CAN)
  • 1991 English Court of Appeal frees "Birmingham 6" who had been unjustly sentenced in August 1975 to life imprisonment
  • 1992 Farm Aid V
  • 1992 Soviet newspaper "Pravda" suspends publication
  • 1993 3,000th performance of "Nunsense"
  • 1993 Johan Koss skates world record 5km (6:36.57)
  • 1993 Ricky Ponting hits twin tons for Tasmania aged 18 years 84 days
  • 1993 Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Prague won by Oksana Baiul (UKR)
  • 1994 Mexican banker/billionaire Alfredo Harp Helu kidnapped
  • 1994 Soyuz TM-21 launches with V Dezyurov, G Strekalov & N Thagard
  • 1994 Timeline of Linux development: Linux kernel version 1.0.0 is released.
  • 1995 1st time 13 people in space
  • 1996 Crufts show at NEC Birmingham, (1995 winner, Joshua, an Irish setter)
  • 1997 68 year old Gordie Howe signs AHL contract with Syracuse Crunch
  • 1997 Iranian military plane crashes, killing 80

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 President Clinton trips & tears up his knee requiring surgery

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1997 The Chinese city of Chongqing (formerly Chunking) is upgraded to a centrally administered municipality.
  • 2003 Start of weekend of protests against war in Iraq that are attended by millions
  • 2005 Cedar Revolution, where over one and a million Lebanese went into the streets of Beirut to demonstrate against the Syrian military presence in Lebanon, and against the government, following the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
  • 2013 25 people are killed and 50 are wounded by a series of car bombings in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 7 people are killed after gunmen storm a bar in Cancun, Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 Xi Jinping is named as the new President of the People's Republic of China

President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping
President of the People's Republic of China
Xi Jinping

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 President Putin orders Russian troops out of Syria

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • 2016 Marco Rubio announces he is dropping out of the Republican presidential nomination race
  • 2016 NASA releases data showing February 2016 warmest month ever recorded globally - 1.35C above the long-term average