Events in History on March 23

  • 1026 Koenraad II crowns himself king of Italy
  • 1066 18th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1153 Treaty of Konstanz between Frederick I "Barbarossa" & Pope Eugene III

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1174 Jocelin, abbot of Melrose, is elected bishop of Glasgow.
  • 1490 1st dated edition of Maimonides "Mishneh Torah", a code of Jewish religious law is published
  • 1534 Aragonese legal code formally recognised
  • 1568 Treaty of Longjumeau: French huguenots go on strike
  • 1579 Friesland joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1593 English Separatist Puritans John Greenwood and Henry Barrowe tried and sentenced to death on the charge of devising and circulating seditious books
  • 1630 French troops occupy Pinerolo Piedmont
  • 1657 France & England form alliance against Spain; England gets Dunkirk
  • 1708 Pretender to the English throne James III lands at Firth of Forth
  • 1752 Pope Stephen II elected to succeed Zacharias, died 2 days later

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death" in speech in favour of Virginian troops joining US Revolutionary war

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • 1782 "Les Liaisons dangereuses" by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos is published by Durand Neveu
  • 1794 Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine
  • 1794 Lt-general Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1808 Napoleon's brother Joseph takes the throne of Spain

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1821 Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin reaches Los Arenales, in the Andes

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1836 Coin Press invented by Franklin Beale
  • 1839 1st recorded use of "OK" [oll korrect] (Boston's Morning Post)
  • 1840 Draper takes 1st successful photo of the Moon (daguerrotype)
  • 1848 The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • 1849 Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1857 Elisha Otis installs his 1st elevator at 488 Broadway in New York City

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • 1858 Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Philadelphia)
  • 1861 London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr Train of NY, begins operating
  • 1862 Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
  • 1864 Encounter at Camden AR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 General Sherman/Cox' troops reach Goldsboro NC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Congress passes 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1868 University of California founded (Oakland California)
  • 1879 War of the Pacific was fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully took over Arica and Tarapacá which left Bolivia as a landlocked country.
  • 1880 Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc)
  • 1881 Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
  • 1889 Pres Harrison opens Oklahoma for white colonization
  • 1889 The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London
  • 1889 The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
  • 1896 The Raines Law is passed by the New York State Legislature, restricting Sunday sale of alcohol to hotels.
  • 1901 Dame Nellie Melba, reveals secret of her now famous toast
  • 1903 Wright brothers obtain airplane patent
  • 1908 American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later.
  • 1910 1st race at Los Angeles Motordrome (1st US auto speedway)
  • 1915 Zion Mule Corp formed by the British Army
  • 1917 Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest US
  • 1918 Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
  • 1918 Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
  • 1918 Lithuania proclaims independence
  • 1918 Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
  • 1918 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River (WW1)
  • 1919 Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. Original members Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1920 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
  • 1921 Germany announces it will be unable to meet its Great War reparation payments
  • 1922 1st airplane lands at the US Capitol in Washington, D.C.
  • 1922 KMJ-AM in Fresno CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WEW-AM in Saint Louis MO begins radio transmissions
  • 1925 Tennessee becomes 1st state to outlaw teaching theory of evolution
  • 1929 1st telephone installed in White House
  • 1930 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • 1930 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1934 US Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945
  • 1936 Italy, Austria & Hungary sign Pact of Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Physician Joseph G. Hamilton injects a leukemia patient with a sodium radioisotope, the first intravenous injection of a human with a radioisotope

  • 1937 LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
  • 1940 All-India-Muslim League calls for a Muslim homeland
  • 1940 The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or the then Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All India Muslim League.
  • 1942 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
  • 1942 Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
  • 1942 US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers
  • 1943 German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia
  • 1944 Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
  • 1944 Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute & lives
  • 1945 British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine
  • 1945 Largest operation in WWII's Pacific War, 1,500 US Navy ships bomb the Japanese island of Okinawa
  • 1945 Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen
  • 1948 John Cunningham sets world altitude record (54,492' (18,133 m))
  • 1949 Sidney Kingsley's "Detective Story" premieres in NYC
  • 1950 Sophocles Venizelos forms liberal Greek government
  • 1950 UN World Meteorological Org established
  • 1950 Frances Farmer is released from Western State Hospital
  • 1951 Wages in France increase 11%
  • 1956 Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (National Day)
  • 1956 Sudan becomes independent
  • 1957 US army sells last homing pigeons
  • 1960 Explorer (8) fails to reach Earth orbit
  • 1962 JFK visits San Francisco
  • 1962 Wake Forest coach "Bones" McKinney becomes 2nd person to play & coach
  • 1963 Rolf Hochhuth's "Der Stellvertreter" premieres in Berlin
  • 1964 UNCTAD 1 world conference opens in Geneva
  • 1965 Gemini 3 launched, 1st US 2-man space flight (Grissom & Young)
  • 1965 Moroccan army shoots on demonstrators, about 100 killed
  • 1966 1st official meeting after 400 years of Catholic & Anglican Church
  • 1968 Rev Walter Fauntroy, is 1st non-voting congressional delegate from DC
  • 1969 Rally for Decency (Miami)
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1971 Dutch 2nd Chamber accept simplified divorce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Evel Knievel breaks 93 bones after successfully clearing 35 cars

Motorcycle Daredevil Evel Knievel
Motorcycle Daredevil
Evel Knievel
  • 1972 NY Yanks agree to continue playing ball in the Bronx
  • 1973 After a 5½ year run soap "Love is a Many Splendored Thing" ends
  • 1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1976 International Bill of Rights goes into effect (35 nations ratifying)
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test
  • 1980 Shah of Iran arrives in Egypt
  • 1981 US Supreme Court upholds law making statutory rape a crime only for men
  • 1981 US Supreme Court rules states could require, with some exceptions, parental notification when teen-age girls sought abortions
  • 1982 Guatemala military coup under gen Rios Montt, president Romeo Lucas flees
  • 1984 Andrea Schone skates ladies world record 3 km (4:20.91)
  • 1984 Ice Pairs Championship at Ottawa won by Underhill & Paul Martini (CAN)
  • 1985 Space Shuttle Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-D mission
  • 1985 Julian Lennon's 1st concert (San Antonio Texas)
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1987 Soap "Bold & Beautiful" premieres
  • 1987 US offers military protection to Kuwaiti ships in the Persian Gulf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 West Germany SPD chairman Willy Brandt resigns

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1989 2 Utah scientists claim they have produced fusion at room temperature
  • 1989 Joel Steinberg sentenced to 25 yrs for killing his adopted daughter
  • 1990 Former Exxon Valdez Captain Joseph Hazelwood ordered to help clean up Prince William Sound & pay $50,000 in restitution for 1989 oil spill
  • 1991 20 Tornadoes kill 5 in Tennessee
  • 1993 Belgian government of Dehaene, resigns
  • 1994 Amy Fisher's lover Joey Buttafuoco is released from jail after 4 months & 9 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Howard Stern formally announces his Libertarian run for NY governor

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern
  • 1994 Russian Airbus A-310 crashes in Siberia (74-75 killed)
  • 1994 Richard Jacobs buys naming rights to Indians new ball park at Gateway for $13.8 million (renamed Jacobs Field)
  • 1995 Dollar equals 88.41 yen (record)
  • 1996 Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.
  • 1997 Wrestlemania XIII in Chicago, Undertaker beats Psycho Sid for title
  • 1999 Gunmen assassinate Paraguay's Vice President Luis María Argaña.
  • 2001 The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.
  • 2003 In Nasiriyah, Iraq, 11 soldiers of the 507th Maintenance Company as well as 18 U.S. Marines are killed during the first major conflict of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
  • 2004 Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions holds its first conference in Hyderabad, India
  • 2005 The United States 11th Circuit Court of Appeals, in a 2-1 decision, refuses to order the reinsertion of Terri Schiavo's feeding tube.
  • 2005 A major explosion at the Texas City Refinery kills 15 workers.
  • 2006 The Federal Reserve discontinues publishing M3 money supply.
  • 2007 Burnley Tunnel catastrophe occurs in Melbourne, Australia.
  • 2007 Iranian Navy seize Royal Navy personnel in Iraqi waters.
  • 2012 African Union suspends Mali's membership following a coup
  • 2013 20 people are killed and 200 are injured by a tornado in Brahmanbaria, Bangladesh
  • 2013 The US Senate approves its first budget in four years by a margin of 50–49

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 GPR investigation of Shakespeare's tomb at Holy Trinity Church in Stratford concludes the Bard's skull probably has been stolen