Events in History on March 4

Event of interestEvent of Interest

51 Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title princeps iuventutis (head of the youth).

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor
Nero
  • 303 Martyrdom of Saint Adrian of Nicomedia.
  • 852 Croatian Duke Trpimir I issued a statute, a document with the first known written mention of the Croats name in Croatian sources.
  • 938 Translation of the relics of martyr Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, the patron saint of the Czech state

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1152 Frederick I Barbarossa elected Holy Roman Emperor

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1215 King John of England makes an oath to the Pope as a crusader to gain the support of Innocent III.
  • 1238 Battle of the Sit River : Mongol forces of Batu Khan overcome Russians under Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal near Yaroslavl in Russia, ending Russian resistence
  • 1351 Ramathibodi becomes King of Siam.
  • 1386 Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) crowned King of Poland
  • 1492 King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1570 King Philip II bans foreign Dutch students

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1590 Mauritius of Nassau's ship reaches Breda
  • 1611 George Abbot appointed Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1621 Jacarta, Java, renamed Batavia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1628 England's King Charles I grants a royal charter to Massachusetts Bay Colony

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1665 English King Charles II declares war on Netherlands

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1675 John Flamsteed appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1681 English Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1699 Jews are expelled from Lübeck, Germany
  • 1741 British fleet under Rear Admiral of the Blue Sir Chaloner Ogle reaches Cartagena de Indias (Colombia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1774 First sighting of Orion nebula (William Herschel)

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel
  • 1776 The American War of Independence: The Americans capture Dorchester Heights dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts.

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1789 1st US Congress meets and declares constitution in effect (9 senators, 13 reps)

  • 1790 France is divided into 83 départements, which cut across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land.
  • 1791 1st Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
  • 1791 President Washington calls the US Senate into its 1st special session
  • 1791 Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
  • 1792 Oranges introduced to Hawaii
  • 1793 French troops conquer Geertruidenberg, Netherlands
  • 1793 Washington's 2nd inauguration as US President, shortest speech (133 words)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1797 John Adams inaugurated as 2nd president of US

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1798 Catholic women force to do penance for kindling sabbath fire for Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1801 Thomas Jefferson is the first US President inaugurated in Washington, D.C.

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1804 The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland's Battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798) led the colony's only significant convict uprising.
  • 1809 Madison becomes 1st president inaugurated in American-made clothes
  • 1824 The "National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck" was founded in the United Kingdom, later to be renamed The Royal National Lifeboat Institution in 1858.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1825 John Quincy Adams inaugurated as 6th president of the USA

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams
  • 1826 1st US RR chartered, Granite Railway in Quincy, Mass

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1829 Andrew Jackson inaugurated as 7th US President

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1829 Unruly crowd mobs White House during President Jackson inaugural ball
  • 1835 HMS Beagle moves into Bay of Concepcion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1837 Martin Van Buren inaugrated as 8th president

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • 1837 Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American
  • 1837 Chicago becomes incorporated as a city.
  • 1841 Dion Boucicault's "London Assurance" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1841 Longest US presidential inauguration speech (8,443 words), William Henry Harrison

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1845 James K. Polk inaugurated as 11th US President

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk
  • 1848 Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
  • 1848 Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia
  • 1849 US had no president, Polks term ends on a Sunday, Taylor couldn't be sworn-in, Sen David Atchison (pres pro tem) term ended Mar 3rd
  • 1853 Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
  • 1853 William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US VP
  • 1861 Confederate States adopt "Stars & Bars" flag (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as 16th US President

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861 US President Lincoln opens government Printing Office
  • 1863 Battle of Thompson's Station, TN
  • 1863 Territory of Idaho established
  • 1865 Confederate congress approves final design of "official flag"
  • 1865 Abraham Lincoln inaugurated for his 2nd term as US president

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th US President

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant

BattleExecution

1870 On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Métis must be taken seriously

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel
  • 1876 US Congress decides to impeach Minister of War Belknap
  • 1877 Tchaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer" premieres in Moscow
  • 1880 NY Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S H Horgan
  • 1881 California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation
  • 1881 Holmes & Watson begin "A Study in Scarlet", 1st case together

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 James A. Garfield inaugurated as the 20th President of the United States of America

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • 1881 South African president Kruger accepts ceasefire
  • 1882 Britain's first electric trams run in East London.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1885 Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st US Democratic President since Civil War

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Benjamin Harrison inaugurated as 23rd president

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • 1890 The longest bridge in the Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.
  • 1893 Francis Dhanis' army attacks the Lualaba, occupies Nyangwe
  • 1893 Grover Cleveland (D) inaugrated as 24th US President (2nd term)
  • 1894 Great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings destroyed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 William McKinley inaugurated as 25th president of USA

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • 1899 Cyclone Mahina sweeps in north of Cooktown, Queensland, with a 12 m wave that reaches up to 5 km inland - over 300 dead.
  • 1901 1st advanced copy of inaugural speech (Jefferson-National Intelligencer)
  • 1901 William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as US president; Theodore |Roosevelt serves as Vice President
  • 1901 Term of George H White, last of post-Reconstruction congressmen, ends
  • 1902 American Automobile Association (AAA) founded in Chicago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Elga" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1908 Primary school catches fire in Collingwood, Ohio (180 killed)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 William Howard Taft inaugrated as 27th US President during 10" snowstorm

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1909 US prohibits interstate transportation of game birds
  • 1911 Victor Berger (Wisc) becomes 1st socialist congressman in US
  • 1913 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
  • 1913 US Department of Commerce & Labor split into separate departments

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th US President

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1918 Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
  • 1918 First recorded case of Spanish flu at Funston Army Camp, Kanas; start of worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million
  • 1920 Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
  • 1921 Hot Springs National Park created in Arkansas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Warren G. Harding is inaugurated as the 29th President of the United States

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Lenin's last article in Pravda (about Soviet bureaucracy)

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1924 "Happy Birthday To You" published by Claydon Sunny
  • 1925 US President Coolidge's inauguration broadcast live on 21 radio stations
  • 1925 Swain's Island (near American Samoa) annexed by US
  • 1926 De Geer government in Netherlands takes office
  • 1928 "Bunion Run" race from LA to NYC begins; It is won by Andy Payne
  • 1929 Charles Curtis (R-Kansas) becomes 1st native American VP

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Herbert Hoover inaugurated as 31st US President

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1930 Coolidge Dam in Arizona dedicated
  • 1930 Emma Fahning bowls 1st sanctioned 300 game by a woman
  • 1930 Terrible floods ransack Languedoc and the surrounds in south-west France, resulting in twelve departments being submerged by water and causing the death of over 700 people.
  • 1931 West Indies beat Australia for the 1st time, by 30 runs at SCG
  • 1933 Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves Austrian parliament
  • 1933 Frances Perkins becomes sec of labor, 1st US woman cabinet member
  • 1933 Henderson, DeSylva & Brown's "Strike Me Pink" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated as 32nd US President, pledges to pull US out of the Depression, "We have nothing to fear but fear itself"

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1933 Bertha Wilson is appointed as first woman to sit on the Supreme Court of Canada.
  • 1934 Easter Cross on Mt Davidson (SF) dedicated

CommunicationHindenburg Disaster

1936 1st flight of the airship Hindenburg at Friedrichshafen, Germany

  • 1941 18 Geuzen resistance fighters sentenced to death in The Hague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Serbian Prince Paul visits Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 The United Kingdom launches Operation Claymore on the Lofoten Islands, during World War II.
  • 1943 Transport #50 departs with French Jews to Maidanek/Sobibor
  • 1944 1st US bombing of Berlin
  • 1944 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • 1945 Finland declares war on nazi-Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1949 Andrei Vishinsky succeeds Molotov as Soviet Foreign minister
  • 1949 Piet Van de Pol (Neth) becomes world champion billiard player
  • 1949 Security Council of UN recommends membership for Israel
  • 1954 James E. Wilkins appointed 1st black US sub-cabinet member
  • 1954 Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, announces the first successful kidney transplant.
  • 1955 1st radio facsimile transmission sent across the continent
  • 1957 The S&P 500 stock market index is introduced, replacing the S&P 90.
  • 1959 US Pioneer IV misses Moon & becomes 2nd (US 1st) artificial planet
  • 1960 French freighter "La Coubre" explodes in Havana Cuba, killing 100
  • 1961 Paul-Henri Spaak resigns as sec-gen of NATO
  • 1962 AEC announces 1st atomic power plant in Antarctica in operation
  • 1964 Jimmy Hoffa convicted of jury tampering
  • 1966 Canadian Pacific airliner explodes on landing at Tokyo, 64 die
  • 1966 North Sea Gas 1st pumped ashore by BP
  • 1967 Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Belousova & Protopopov (USSR)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Martin Luther King Jr. announces plans for Poor People's Campaign

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1968 Orbiting Geophysical Observatory 5 launched
  • 1969 The Kray brothers, Ronald and Reginald, London East End gang bosses, are found guilty of murder. Both will die in captivity.
  • 1970 French submarine "Eurydice" explodes off Cape Camarat in the Mediterranean, all 57 crew lost
  • 1971 "City Command" kidnaps 4 US military men at Ankara, Turkey
  • 1972 Erhard Keller (Germany) skates world record 1000m (1:18.5)
  • 1972 Last train run between Penrith to Keswick UK
  • 1972 Libya & USSR signs cooperation treaty
  • 1972 Abercorn Restaurant bombing: a bomb explodes in a crowded restaurant in Belfast, killing two civilians and wounding 130
  • 1974 David Hares' "Knuckle" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Harold Wilson replaces resigning Edward Heath as British premier

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1976 John Pezzin bowls 33 consecutive strikes at Toledo, Ohio
  • 1977 1st CRAY 1 supercomputer shipped, to Los Alamos Laboratories, NM
  • 1977 Colin Croft takes 8-29 against Pakistan at Port-of-Spain
  • 1977 Earthquake in Romania kills 1,541
  • 1978 Chicago Daily News, founded in 1875, publishes last issue
  • 1979 US Voyager I photo reveals Jupiter's rings

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1980 Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF wins parliamentary election in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • 1982 2nd double hat trick in Islander history-Bossy & D Potvin
  • 1982 NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 504
  • 1983 U.S. Public Health Service's publishes its guidelines for blood donors and AIDS
  • 1985 STS 51-E vehicle rolls back to Vandenberg AFB; mission cancelled
  • 1985 Virtual ban on leaded gas ordered by EPA
  • 1985 WWII veterans returned to the "Bridge over the River Kwai"
  • 1986 Border completes twin Test tons (140 & 114*) v NZ
  • 1989 Eastern Airlines machinists strike
  • 1990 US 65th manned space mission STS 36 (Atlantis 6) returns from space
  • 1991 Bank of Credit & Commerce Intl divests itself of 1st American Bank
  • 1991 Iraq releases 6 US, 3 British & 1 Italian POW
  • 1993 Katharine Hepburn admitted to hospital suffering from exhaustion
  • 1994 4 Arab terrorist founded guilty of bombing the World Trade Center
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-62 (Columbia 16), launches into orbit
  • 1995 1st NYC Mayor Trophy's High school track meet in 19 years
  • 1995 Blind teenage boy receives a 'Bionic Eye' at a Washington Hospital
  • 1995 Michael Johnson runs world record 400m indoor (44.63 sec)
  • 1997 Brazil Senate allows women to wear slacks
  • 1997 Comet Hale-Bopp directly above the Sun (1.04 AU)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 US President Clinton bans federally funded human cloning research

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1997 Zeya Start-1 launched (Russia)
  • 1998 Gay rights: Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that federal laws banning on-the-job sexual harassment also apply when both parties are the same sex.
  • 2001 Hintze Ribeiro disaster, a bridge collapses in northern Portugal, killing up to 70 people.
  • 2001 Tests in recent days confirm the world's largest oil find in three decades in the Kashagan field in the Caspian Sea
  • 2002 Canada bans human embryo cloning but permits government-funded scientists to use embryos left over from fertility treatment or abortions.
  • 2002 Multinational Force in Afghanistan: Seven American Special Operations Forces soldiers are killed as they attempt to infiltrate the Shahi Kot Valley on a low-flying helicopter reconnaissance mission.
  • 2005 The car of released Italian hostage Giuliana Sgrena is fired on by US soldiers in Iraq, causing the death of an Italian Secret Service Agent and injuring two passengers.
  • 2005 United Nations warns that about 90 million Africans could be infected by HIV in the future without further action against the spread of the disease.
  • 2006 Final contact attempt with Pioneer 10 by the Deep Space Network. No response received.
  • 2007 Estonian parliamentary election: approximately 30,000 voters take advantage of electronic voting in Estonia, world's 1st nationwide vote where part of the vote casting allowed by remote electronic voting
  • 2009 International Criminal Court issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur, first sitting head of state to be indicted
  • 2009 U.S. Steel announce the closure of the Stelco Lake Erie Works in Nanticoke, Ontario due to the increasingly worsening effects of the global economic slowdown
  • 2009 Malaysia has a 50% chance of slipping into the recession as growth is expected to reach just 0.5% for the year, announces the executive director Datuk Mohamed Ariff Abdul Kareem of the Malaysian Institute of Economic Research
  • 2012 Munitions dump explosions kill at least 250 people in the Republic of Congo

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2012 Vladimir Putin wins Russian presidential election amid allegations of voter fraud

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • 2012 Over 10,000 illegal Peruvian gold miners clash with police to gain control of Puerto Maldonado
  • 2013 40 Syrian soldiers are killed in an ambush in Western Iraq
  • 2013 11 children are killed after a bus collides a truck in the Jalandhar district, India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 The Papal Conclave begins to select the successor of Pope Benedict XVI

265th Pope  Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI
  • 2016 Ben Carson announces he is dropping out of the Republican presidential nomination race