Events in History on March 5

  • 363 Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign that brings about his own death
  • 1046 Persian scholar Naser Khosrow begins the 7 year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama
  • 1179 3rd Lateran Council (11th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1496 English King Henry VII hands John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) a commission to explore for new lands

Explorer John Cabot
Explorer
John Cabot
  • 1528 Utrecht governor Maarten van Rossum plunders The Hague
  • 1558 Smoking tobacco introduced into Europe by Spaniard Francisco Fernandes
  • 1579 Betuwe joins Union of Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1616 Astronomical work 'de Revolutionibus' by Nicolaus Copernicus placed on Catholic Forbidden index

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1623 1st American temperance law enacted, Virginia
  • 1645 Battle of Jankau in Bohemia: Sweden defeats Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III
  • 1651 South Sea dike in Amsterdam breaks after storm
  • 1684 Emperor Leopold I, Poland & Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz
  • 1743 1st US religious journal, The Christian History, published, Boston
  • 1746 Jacobite troops leave Aberdeen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1750 1st American Shakespearean production-"altered" Richard III, NYC

  • 1766 Don Antonio de Ulloa takes possession of Louisiana Terr from French

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1770 Boston Massacre (Incident on King Street): British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones and sticks at them. African American Crispus Attucks 1st to die; later held up as early black martyr. The massacre galvanized anti-British feelings.

Former Slave and Seaman Crispus Attucks
Former Slave and Seaman
Crispus Attucks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1774 John Hancock delivers the fourth annual Massacre Day oration, a commemoration of the Boston Massacre, and denounces the presence of British troops in Boston, enhancing Hancock's stature as a leading Patriot

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • 1783 King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno
  • 1784 Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, is named President of the Board of Trade.
  • 1793 French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured.
  • 1795 Amsterdam celebrates Revolution on the Dam; Square of Revolution
  • 1795 Treaty of Basel - Prussia ends war with France
  • 1820 Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
  • 1821 Monroe is 1st US president inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sun
  • 1824 First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 Samuel Colt manufactures first pistol, 34-caliber "Texas" model

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Inventor/Industrialist
Samuel Colt
  • 1841 1st continuous filibuster in US Senate began, lasting until March 11
  • 1842 Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.
  • 1848 Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th US president

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • 1850 The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.
  • 1856 Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
  • 1858 Abolitionists establish "Crispus Attucks Day" in Boston
  • 1860 Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia.
  • 1862 Union troops under Brigadier General Wright occupy Fernandina, Florida (US Civil War)
  • 1864 1st track meet between Oxford & Cambridge
  • 1868 Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
  • 1868 US Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson

1stHistoric Invention

1872 George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th US president

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1894 Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, becomes First Lord of the Treasury (the official title of the UK Prime Minister)

British Prime Minister Archibald Primrose
British Prime Minister
Archibald Primrose
  • 1896 Italian premier Crispi resigns
  • 1896 Italian governor of Eritrea, Gen Baldissera, reaches Massawa
  • 1897 American Negro Academy forms
  • 1899 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Concerto in D
  • 1900 American Hall of Fame founded
  • 1903 Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn up

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation.

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • 1907 The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops.

  • 1908 1st ascent of Mt Erebus, Antarctica
  • 1910 Ramon Inclan's "La Farsa Infantil de la Cabeza del Dragon" premieres
  • 1912 Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
  • 1912 Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
  • 1915 World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 US President Woodrow Wilson is inaugurated for a second term

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1921 The Durban Land Alienation Ordinance passes, enabling the Durban City Council to exclude Indians from ownership or occupation of property in white areas, South Africa
  • 1921 The US warns Costa Rica and Panama to settle disputes peacefully
  • 1922 "Nosferatu" premieres in Berlin
  • 1923 Montana & Nevada become 1st states to enact old age pension laws
  • 1924 Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp becomes IBM
  • 1924 Frank Carauna, becomes 1st to bowl 2 successive perfect 300 games
  • 1924 King Hussein of Hedzjaz appoints himself kalief
  • 1927 1,000 US marines land in China to protect American property
  • 1928 Karl Zuckmayer's "Der Hauptmann von Köpenick" premieres in Berlin

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1931 Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 FDR proclaims 10-day bank holiday

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1933 Germany's Nazi Party wins majority in parliament (43.9%-17.2M votes)
  • 1934 Mother-in-law's day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Tx)
  • 1935 1st premature baby health law in US (Chicago)
  • 1936 Spitfire makes its 1st flight (Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton)
  • 1942 Bosnia Tito establishes 3rd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
  • 1942 Japanese troop march into Batavia
  • 1943 Anti-fascist strikes in Italy
  • 1943 RAF bombs Essen Germany
  • 1945 Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Generals Eisenhower, Patton & Patch meet in Luneville

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1945 US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
  • 1945 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1945 World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech in Fulton, Missouri, popularizes the term and draws attention to the division of Europe

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1946 Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.
  • 1948 US rocket flies record 4800 kph to 126km height
  • 1949 The Jharkhand Party is founded in India.
  • 1952 Terence Rattigan's "Deep Blue Sea" premieres in London
  • 1956 "King Kong" 1st televised
  • 1957 Eamon de Valera's Fianna Fail-party wins election in Ireland
  • 1957 Sgt Bilko satirizes Elvis Presley (Elvis Pelvin)
  • 1958 Explorer 2 fails to reach Earth orbit
  • 1959 Iran & US sign economic & military treaty
  • 1960 Ice Pairs Championship at Vancouver won by Wagner & Paul (CAN)
  • 1960 The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis originates when Alister Hardy publicly announces his idea that ape-human divergence may have been due to a coastal phase.
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Ceylon due to social unrest
  • 1965 March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence.
  • 1966 75 MPH air currents causes BOAC 707 crash into Mount Fuji, 124 die
  • 1966 Player reps elect Marvin Miller, as exec dir of Players' Association
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 US launches Solar Explorer 2 to study the Sun
  • 1969 Gold reaches then record high ($47 per ounce) in Paris
  • 1969 Gustav Heinemann elected president of West Germany
  • 1969 Joe Orton's "What the Butler Saw" premieres in London
  • 1970 Edison Theater opens at 240 W 47th St NYC
  • 1970 Nuclear non-proliferation treaty goes into effect
  • 1970 SDS Weathermen terrorist group bomb 18 West 11th St in NYC
  • 1970 Dubnium atoms are first detected conclusively.
  • 1974 Ralph Stewart failed in 2nd Islander penalty shot
  • 1976 British pound falls below $2 for 1st time
  • 1978 Landsat 3 launched from Vandenberg AFB, California
  • 1979 Voyager I's closest approach to Jupiter (172,000 miles)
  • 1979 Iran resumes petroleum exports
  • 1980 Earth satellites record gamma rays from remnants of supernova N-49
  • 1981 Ice Pairs Champ at Hartford won by Irina Vorobieva & I Lisovski (URS)
  • 1981 Men's Figure Skating Champions in Hartford won by Scott Hamilton (USA)
  • 1981 US government grants Atlanta $1 million to search for black boy murderer
  • 1982 Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus sends back data

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1983 Bob Hawke (Labour) defeats PM Malcolm Fraser (Liberal) to win Australian general election

23rd Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke
23rd Australian Prime Minister
Bob Hawke
Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Fraser
Prime Minister of Australia
Malcolm Fraser
  • 1984 Supreme Court (5-4): city may use public money for Nativity scene
  • 1984 US accuse Iraq of using poison gas
  • 1985 Mexican authorities find the body of US drug agent Enrique "Kike" Camarena Salaazar
  • 1986 "Today" tabloid launched (Britain's 1st national colour newspaper); it folded in 1995
  • 1988 Constitution of Turks and Caicos Islands is restored and revised.
  • 1989 19th Easter Seal Telethon raises $37,002,000
  • 1989 Elly Verhulst runs world record 3000 m indoor (8:33.82)
  • 1991 Iraq repealed its annexation of Kuwait
  • 1992 Ethic committee votes to reveal congressmen who bounced checks
  • 1993 Fokker 100 crashes at Skopje Macedonia, 81 die
  • 1994 Largest milkshake (1,955 gallons of chocolate-Nelspruit South Africa)
  • 1994 PBA National Championship won by David Traber
  • 1995 Estonia Centrumlinkse Coalition party wins parliamentary election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Graves of Tsar Nicholas II and family found in St Petersburg

  • 1995 Marc Velzeboer skates world record 3 km short track (5:00.26)
  • 1996 Earl Weaver & Jim Bunning, elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1997 Tommy Lasorda, Nellie Fox & Willie Wells for Hall of Fame
  • 1999 Paul Okalik is elected first Premier of Nunavut.
  • 2001 In Mecca, 35 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death during the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
  • 2003 In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed by a Hamas suicide bomb in the Haifa bus 37 massacre.
  • 2005 The Burkinabé Party for Democracy and Socialism holds its first National Convention.
  • 2012 27 members of Iraq's security force are killed by gunmen disguised as police in Haditha
  • 2012 Tropical Storm Irina kills 65 in Madagascar
  • 2013 The Dow Jones surpasses its 2007 pre-financial crisis levels for the first time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 Venezuelan Vice-President Nicolás Maduro assumes the presidency after the death of Hugo Chávez

President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez
President of Venezuela
Hugo Chávez
  • 2013 Willcom announces the world’s smallest mobile phone, weighing 32 grams
  • 2014 A survey by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights reports that about 1/3 of women in the European Union have experienced physical or sexual violence since the age of 15
  • 2015 -8th Islamic State militants ransack and destroy ancient cities of Nimrud, Hatra and Dur-Sharrukin in Iraq

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2016 US primary elections: Super Saturday - Republican Donald Trump and Ted Cruz win 2 states, Democratics Bernie Sanders wins 2, Hillary Clinton one

US Senator Bernie Sanders
US Senator
Bernie Sanders
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
Politician and US First Lady Hillary Clinton
Politician and US First Lady
Hillary Clinton
  • 2016 US air strike kills 150 Al-Shabaab militants north of Mogadishu, Somalia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 US President Donald Trump in a tweet accusses former President Obama without offering any evidence of wiretapping Trump Towers during the presidential campaign

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama