Events in History on May 12

  • 254 Stephan I succeeds Lucius I as Catholic Pope
  • 919 Duke Henry of Saxony becomes King Henry I of Oostfrankischreich
  • 1082 Battle at Mailberg: Vratislav II of Bohemia beats Leopold II of Austr

AgreementMagna Carta

1215 English barons serve ultimatum on King John; leads to Magna Carta

  • 1328 Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV and assembly of priests select P Rainalducci as anti-Pope Nicolaas V
  • 1328 Antipope Nicholas V, a claimant to the papacy, is consecrated in Rome by the Bishop of Venice.
  • 1459 Sun City India founded by Rao Jodhpur
  • 1525 Battle at Biblingen: Zwabische Union beats rebel Wurttemberg farmers
  • 1534 German Duchy of Wurttemberg becomes Lutheran under Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg
  • 1551 San Marcos University in Lima Peru, opens
  • 1588 Catholic League under duke Henri de Guise occupies Paris
  • 1604 Spanish garrison of Aardenburg surrenders to Mauritius
  • 1640 Uprising against Spanish king Philip IV
  • 1689 England & Netherlands form League of Augsburg
  • 1695 English king William III departs to Netherlands
  • 1701 Drenthe adopts Gregorian calendar (yesterday is 4/29/1701)
  • 1733 Maria Theresa crowned queen of Bohemia in Prague
  • 1776 Turgot, French minister of Finance, resigns
  • 1777 1st ice cream advertisement (Philip Lenzi-NY Gazette)
  • 1780 British troops occupy Charleston, South Carolina (Revolutionary War)
  • 1789 Society of St Tammany is formed by Revolutionary War soldiers. It later becomes an infamous group of NYC political bosses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 William Wilberforce makes his first major speech on abolition in UK House of Commons, reasons the slave trade morally reprehensible and an issue of natural justice

Abolitionist William Wilberforce
William Wilberforce
  • 1792 Toilet that flushes itself at regular intervals is patented

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1797 First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1821 The first major battle of the Greek War of Independence against the Turks occurs in Valtetsi.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin visits copper mines in North Chile

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1849 Willem Alexander PFL crowned king Willem III in Amsterdam
  • 1862 Federal troops occupies Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1863 Battle of Raymond, Miss
  • 1864 US Civil war: Battle of Drewry's Bluff, VA (Ft Darling)
  • 1864 US Civil War Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia
  • 1864 Battle of Todd's Tavern, VA (Sheridan's Raid), cavalry battle during US Civil War
  • 1864 US Union colonel Emory Upton (24) promoted to brigadier general
  • 1865 Last land action of Civil war at Palmito Ranch, Texas
  • 1870 Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
  • 1871 Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Ky
  • 1873 Oscar II of Sweden-Norway is crowned King of Sweden.
  • 1874 US Assay Office in Helena, Montana, authorized
  • 1877 Ottawa Rough Riders 1st outside competition vs Britannia
  • 1881 Treaty of Bardo, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1885 Battle of Batoche: Louis Riel and the Metis defeated by Frederick Middleton, leds to collapse of Provincial Government of Saskatchewan and surrender of Riel

Politician Louis Riel
Louis Riel
  • 1888 Crouching start 1st used by Charles Sherrill of Yale
  • 1890 Louisiana legalized prize fighting
  • 1891 Riot against tax increase in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • 1897 1800-1900 year old fossil of "girl of Yde" found in Drente, Netherlands
  • 1897 Battle at Thessalie: Turkish army beats Greece
  • 1898 Louisiana adopts new constitution with "grandfather clause" designed to eliminate black voters
  • 1900 Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed
  • 1900 Lord Roberts' troops occupy Crown city
  • 1901 US President McKinley visits San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 140,000 miners of anthracite coal in Pennsylvania go out on a strike called by the United Mine Workers after the owners have refused to recognize the UMW, negotiate or submit to arbitration

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 George Bernard Shaw's "Getting Married" premieres in London

  • 1908 Wireless Radio Broadcasting is patented by Nathan B Stubblefield
  • 1910 2nd NAACP conference (NYC)
  • 1911 American economic expert W Morgan Schuster arrives by invitation to assume almost dictatorial power over Persia's finances; a move resented by Russia
  • 1911 1st Inter-Empire Championships open in London
  • 1915 Croatians plunder Armenia, killing 250
  • 1915 Franklin K Mathiews presents idea of "Book Week"
  • 1916 James Connolly and Sean McDermott are executed following their involvement in the Easter Rising in Dublin
  • 1919 Yanks & Senators play 2nd straight extra inning tie, 4-4 in 15
  • 1919 The Transvaal British Indian Association calls a mass meeting to organise opposition to the proposed Asiatics (Land and Trading) Amendment Act; in the Act, Transvaal Indians are prohibited from owning shares in limited companies
  • 1921 National Hospital Day 1st observed
  • 1925 Uzbekistan & Kirgizistan become autonomous Soviet republics
  • 1926 Airship Norge is 1st vessel to fly over North Pole
  • 1926 General Józef Piłsudski returns to power in Poland after coup d'état against the Witos regime
  • 1926 Umberto Nobile flies airship over North Pole
  • 1926 Hans Luther resigns for 2nd time as German Chancellor after no-confidence vote against his minority government
  • 1926 British General Strike ends after 9 days, coal mine workers stay on strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Benito Mussolini ends women's rights in Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1928 Second Opium Law introduced - international law to control drugs
  • 1929 Pulitzer prize awarded to Julia Peterkin (Scarlet Sister Mary)
  • 1930 Pulitzer prize awarded to Marc Connelly (Green Pastures)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Body of kidnapped son of Charles Lindbergh is found in Hopewell, NJ

  • 1933 Federal Emergency Relief Administration & Agricultural Adjustment Administration form to help the needy & farmers
  • 1936 Ralph Vaughan Williams' "Poisoned Kiss" premieres in London
  • 1937 Coronation of King George VI of Great Britain (and his other realms and territories beyond the sea) at Westminster Abbey.
  • 1938 Sandoz Labs manufactures LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)
  • 1940 French marines occupy St Maarten
  • 1940 German tanks conquer Moerdijkbrug
  • 1940 Nazi blitzkrieg conquest of France began by crossing Muese River
  • 1941 British forces march into Alexandria
  • 1941 Konrad Zuse presents the Z3, the world's first working programmable, fully automatic computer, in Berlin.
  • 1942 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1942 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
  • 1942 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
  • 1943 Axis forces in North Africa surrender

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1943 German troops in Tunisia North Africa surrender
  • 1944 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux
  • 1944 Crimea purged of Nazi troops
  • 1944 Secret Police arrest Gerrit Van de Peat
  • 1948 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 1st foreign woman ambassador received in USA (Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit of India)

Indian Politician and Diplomat Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Indian Politician and Diplomat
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  • 1951 1st H Bomb test, on Enewetak Atoll
  • 1952 Charlton Playground named in Bronx
  • 1952 Gaj Singh is crowned Maharaja of Jodhpur.
  • 1955 Chicago Cub Sam Jones is 1st black to pitch no-hitter (Pirates, 4-0)
  • 1956 East Pakistan struck by cyclone & tidal waves
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1961 Mikhail Botvinnik wins world chess championship for 3rd time
  • 1962 Grevelingen dam closes
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1963 Race riot in Birmingham, Alabama
  • 1964 Manlio Brosio chosen as sec-gen of NATO
  • 1965 Israel & West Germany exchange letters beginning diplomatic relations
  • 1967 H Rap Brown replaces Stokely Carmichael as chairman of Student
  • 1967 Provo disbands in Neth Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
  • 1968 "March of Poor" under Rev Abernathy reach Washington, D.C.
  • 1969 Kenneth H Wallis achieved record speed for an autogiro-179 KPH
  • 1970 Harry A Blackmun is confirmed as a justice on Supreme Court
  • 1970 Race riots in Augusta Georgia; 6 blacks killed (5 by cops)
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 US merchant ship Mayaguez seized by Cambodian forces
  • 1977 Emmy 4th Daytime Award presentation
  • 1978 US Commerce Dept says hurricane names will no longer be only female
  • 1980 1st nonstop crossing of US via balloon (Maxie Anderson & son Chris)
  • 1982 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Updike (Rabbit is Rich)
  • 1982 US Football League forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 In Fatima Portugal, a Spanish Traditionalist priest who opposed Vatican II reforms and saw Pope John Paul II as a perpetrator of them, is stopped prior to his attempt to attack the Pope with a bayonet

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1984 Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 41-D
  • 1984 France performs nuclear test
  • 1984 Joe Lucius scored his 13th hole-in-one on same hole

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 South African prisoner Nelson Mandela sees his wife for 1st time in 22 years

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1984 World of Rivers world exposition opens in New Orleans
  • 1985 Amy Eilberg is ordained in NY as 1st woman Conservative rabbi
  • 1986 Fred Markham (US), unpaced & unaided by wind, is 1st to pedal 65 mph on a level course, Big Sand Flat, Calif
  • 1989 Last graffiti covered NYC subway car retired
  • 1989 Retired British pilot Jack Mann is kidnapped by Islamic fundamentalists
  • 1990 Comic Relief USA '90 (4th one) raises $4.7 million
  • 1991 A new cancer drug is announced which can only be found in bark of a rare tree in the Pacific Northwest
  • 1992 1st Belgian woman (Ingrid Baeyens) to ascend Mount Everest
  • 1994 WIBC Bowling Queens won by Anne Marie Duggan
  • 1995 Dow Jones for 5th straight day of the week sets a new record (4430.59)
  • 1995 Jose Mesa gets 1st of his M.L. record 37 consecutive saves
  • 1997 14 North Koreans defect to South Korea
  • 1997 Russia & Chechnya sign peace deal after 400 years of conflict
  • 1997 Susie Maroney, 22, of Australia, is 1st to swim from Cuba to Florida
  • 1997 Tornado narrowly misses downtown Miami
  • 1999 Sir David Steel becomes the first Presiding Officer (speaker) of the modern Scottish Parliament.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2002 Former US President Jimmy Carter arrives in Cuba for a five-day visit with Fidel Castro becoming first President of the United States, in or out of office, to visit the island since Castro's 1959 revolution.

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 2003 The Riyadh compound bombings, carried out by Al Qaeda, kill 26.
  • 2003 Fifty-nine Democratic lawmakers bring the Texas Legislature to a standstill by going into hiding in a dispute over a Republican congressional redistricting plan.
  • 2007 2007 Karachi riots, which killed over 50 people in Karachi and above 100 injured, on the arrival of Chief Justice of Pakistan; Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry in Karachi city.
  • 2008 2008 Wenchuan earthquake (measuring around 8.0 magnitude) occurs in Sichuan, China, killing over 69,000 people
  • 2010 An Afriqiyah Airways Flight crashes and kills everyone but one person on board.
  • 2012 The discovery of a missing Mayan calender piece disproves 2012 Armageddon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 Pope Francis canonizes the 813 martyrs of Otranto as Saints

Pope Francis
  • 2013 Paris Saint-Germain win the Ligue 1 French football title
  • 2014 Voters in Ukraine reject rule from Kiev
  • 2016 Michel Temer, former vice-president, becomes Brazilian interim President after a vote to impeach Dilma Rousseff