Events in History on May 19

  • 715 St Gregory II begins his reign as Catholic Pope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1506 Columbus selects his son Diego as sole heir

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1515 George van Saksen-Meissen sells Friesland for 100,000 gold guilders to arch duke Charles
  • 1517 Philip van Bourgondie installed as bishop of Utrecht


1536 Ann Boleyn, second wife of English King Henry VIII is beheaded at the Tower of London on charges of adultery, incest and treason

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1547 Monarch Johan Frederik surrenders to Karel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1568 English Queen Elizabeth I arrests Mary, Queen of Scots

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1571 Miguel Lopez de Lagazpi founded Manilla in the Phillipines
  • 1585 Spain confisquates English ships
  • 1608 Matthias von Habsburgs army reaches Lieben, at Prague
  • 1635 France's First Minister, Cardinal Richelieu declares war on Spain (Franco-Spanish War 1635–59)
  • 1643 Battle at Rocroi/Allersheim: French army destroys Spanish army
  • 1643 Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor form the United Colonies of New England
  • 1649 England is declared a Commonwealth by an act of the Long Parliament making England a republic for the next 11 years
  • 1652 Spanish troops occupy Grevelingen
  • 1662 Uniformity Act of England goes into effect
  • 1749 George II grants charter to Ohio Company to settle Ohio Valley
  • 1780 About midday, near-total darkness descends on New England, now known to be caused by forest fires in Canada
  • 1792 Russian army enters Poland
  • 1793 Netherlands captures French island of St Maarten (held until 1795)
  • 1796 Game protection law restricts encroachment on Indian hunting grounds
  • 1802 French Order of Legion d'Honneur forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1828 U.S. President John Quincy Adams signs the Tariff of 1828/Tariff of Abominations into law to protect industry in the North

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams
  • 1848 1st department store opens
  • 1848 Mexico gives Texas to US, ending the war
  • 1856 Sen Charles Sumner, Mass, spoke out against slavery
  • 1857 William Francis Channing & Moses G Farmer patents electric fire alarm
  • 1863 Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
  • 1864 Battle of Port Walthall Junction, VA (Bermuda Hundred)
  • 1864 Last engagement in series of battles known as Spotsylvania
  • 1864 Skirmish at Cassville Georgia
  • 1878 Blanche Kelso Bruce appointed register of treasury by President Garfield
  • 1884 Ringling Brothers circus premieres
  • 1885 1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1885 German chancellor Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon and Togoland

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • 1891 Rice Institute, which became Rice University, is chartered
  • 1892 Charles Brady King invents pneumatic hammer
  • 1892 National Society of Colonial Dames of America founded
  • 1893 Heavy rain wash "quick clay" into a deep valley, kills 111 (Norway)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 1st auto (Karl Benz) to arrive in Netherlands

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol.

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
  • 1898 US Congress passes the Private Mailing Card Act, allowing private publishers and printers to produce postcards though they had to be labelled "Private Mailing Cards" until 1901 and become known as "souvenir cards"
  • 1900 Great Britain annexes Tonga archipelago
  • 1900 World's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) links Italy & Switz, opens
  • 1902 Great Britain & Boers resume peace talks in Pretoria
  • 1906 Federated Boys' Club (Boys' Club of America) organizes
  • 1906 Portugal's King Carlos I names Joao Franco premier
  • 1910 Passage of Earth through tail of Halley's Comet causes near-panic
  • 1913 Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill passes, forbidding Japanese from owning land
  • 1916 Escadrille Américaine (Lafayette) transfered to Verdun
  • 1918 Wash 1st Sunday game, Senators beat Cleveland 1-0 in 18 innings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Black Sea coast, beginning the Turkish War of Independence

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1921 Congress sharply curbs immigration, setting a national quota system
  • 1923 KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
  • 1926 French air force bombs Damascus Syria
  • 1928 "Firedamp" explodes in Mather Pa coal mine killing 195 of 273 miners
  • 1928 51 frogs enter 1st annual "Frog Jumping Jubilee" (Angel's Camp, Cal)
  • 1929 Cloudburst causes stampede in Yankee Stadium crushes 2 people to death

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 General Feng Yu-Xiang of China declares war on Chiang Kai-shek government

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1930 White women win voting rights in South Africa
  • 1931 Cruiser Deutschland launched in Kiel
  • 1934 Military coup by Col Damian Veltsjev in Bulgaria
  • 1934 Sherlock Holmes crossword puzzle in "Sat Review of Lit" Males who solved puzzle became members of Baker Street Irregulars
  • 1937 John Murray/Allen Boretz's "Room Service" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 Churchill signs British-Russian anti-Nazi pact
  • 1940 Amsterdam time becomes MET (Middle European Time)
  • 1940 French counter attack at Pronne under Gen De Gaulle
  • 1941 New Nazi battleship Bismarck leaves Gdynia, Poland
  • 1943 Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
  • 1943 Churchill pledges Britain's full support to US against Japan
  • 1944 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands
  • 1944 German defense line in Italy collapsed
  • 1946 Dutch Cooperation for Sexual Reform (NVSH) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1950 NY Times reports of worlds smallest & dumbest mechanical brain
  • 1953 Nuclear explosion in Nevada (fall-out in St George, Utah)
  • 1954 Postmaster General Summerfield approves CIA mail-opening project
  • 1955 Atkinson & Depeiaza make 347 stand for 7th wkt WI v Australia
  • 1956 Pirate Dale Long hits 9th-inning HR, 1st HR in 8 straight games
  • 1957 Adone Zoli forms Italian government
  • 1958 Premiere of Harold Pinter's play "Birthday Party" in London
  • 1958 South Pacific soundtrack album goes #1 & stays #1 for 31 weeks
  • 1958 US & Canada form North American Air Defense Command (NORAD)
  • 1959 Jan de Quay becomes premier of Netherlands
  • 1959 The USS Triton, the first submarine with two nuclear reactors, is completed
  • 1960 Alan Freed & eight other DJs accused of taking radio payola
  • 1960 Belgian parliament requires rest day for self employed
  • 1960 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 33,222 m
  • 1961 New pier opens in Scheveningen
  • 1962 Indonesian paratroopers land in New Guinea
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
  • 1964 US diplomats find at least 40 secret microphones in Moscow embassy
  • 1965 Patricia R Harris named 1st US black female ambassador (Luxembourg)
  • 1967 US bombs Hanoi (Vietnam War)
  • 1967 USSR ratifies treaty with Britain & US banning nuclear weapons in space
  • 1968 Frank Howard fails to homer, after hitting 10 in 6 consecutive games
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Brumble of Northern England 1st heard
  • 1971 USSR launches Mars 2, 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 Valeri Giscard d'Estaing wins French presidential election
  • 1975 Farm truck packed with wedding party struck by a train, killing 66 in truck, 40 miles south of Poona, India
  • 1976 Gold ownership legalized in Australia
  • 1976 Senate establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 "Smokey & the Bandit," premieres
  • 1981 Pirate Jim Bibby gives up a leadoff single to Brave Terry Harper, then retires next 27 batters
  • 1981 5 British Army soldiers are killed when their armoured vehicle is ripped apart by a Provisional Irish Republican Army roadside bomb near Bessbrook, County Armagh
  • 1983 NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 506
  • 1984 STS 41-D vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1986 Anti-apartheid activist HClane Pastoors sentenced to 10 yrs in South Africa
  • 1988 Carlos Lehder Rivas, of Colombia's Medellin drug cartel, is convicted in Florida for smuggling more than 3 tons of cocaine into US
  • 1989 Dow Jones Avg passes 2,500 mark for 1st time, closes at 2,501.1
  • 1989 Sue Ellen's (Linda Gray) last appearance on TV soap "Dallas"
  • 1992 27th Amendment ratified, prohibits Congress from raising its salary
  • 1992 Amy Fisher shoots Mary Jo Buttafuoco in the face in an altercation over an affair with her husband, in Massapequa, New York
  • 1992 Englishman Dave Gauder, 224 lbs, pulls 196 ton jumbo jet, 3 inches
  • 1992 Ric Flair wins NWA wrestling title
  • 1993 Boeing 727 crashes into mountain at Medellin Colombia, kills 132
  • 1993 Dow Jones closes above 3,500 for 1st time (3,500.03)
  • 1994 Omar Sharif suffers a mild heart attack
  • 1995 Emmy 22nd Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 15th time
  • 1995 World's youngest doctor, Balamurali Ambati, 17, graduates Mount Sinai
  • 1996 STS 77 (Endeavour 11), launches into orbit
  • 1999 Andrew Motion is appointed British Poet Laureate for 10 years, the first to request a definite term
  • 2009 Sri Lanka announces victory in its 27 year war against the terrorist organisation, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Historic first handshake between Prince Charles and Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams at the National University of Ireland in Galway

His Royal Highness Prince Charles
His Royal Highness
Prince Charles
  • 2015 UK inflation is recorded as a negative for the first time since 1960
  • 2161 Syzygy: 8 of 9 planets aligned on same side of sun