Events in History on May 23

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1059 Henri I crowns his son King Philip I (called the Amorous) of France

King of France King Philip I
King of France
King Philip I
  • 1275 King Edward I of England orders cessation of persecution of French Jews
  • 1420 Jews of Syria & Austria expelled
  • 1421 Jews of Austria imprisoned & expelled

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1430 Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne & sold to the English

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1493 King Charles VIII & Maximilian I of Austria signs Peace of Senlis
  • 1536 Pope Paul III installs Portuguese inquisition
  • 1544 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V recognizes king Christian III of Denmark
  • 1555 Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV
  • 1568 Battle of Heiligerlee, Groningen: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, thousands killed
  • 1568 The Netherlands declare independence from Spain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1576 Tycho Brahe given Hveen Island to build Uraniborg Observatory

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe
  • 1609 Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place.
  • 1611 Matthias von Habsburg chosen king of Bohemia
  • 1618 2nd Defenestration of Prague; beginning of 30 Years War. Two Catholic Lords Regent and their secretary thrown out of window - they were not seriously injured by the 70 foot fall.
  • 1644 Johan Mauritius van Nassau resigns as head of Civil rights activists
  • 1647 Willem II sworn in as viceroy of Holland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1660 King Charles II returns from exile sails from Scheveningen to England

  • 1667 King Afonso VI of Portugal flees


1701 Captain William Kidd is hanged in London after being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore.

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd
  • 1706 Battle of Ramillies: John Churchill (1st Duke of Marlborough) defeats French; 17,000 killed
  • 1750 Carlo Goldoni's "Il Bugiardo" premieres in Mantua
  • 1774 Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1788 South Carolina becomes 8th state to ratify US constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1813 South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator")

Military and Political Leader Simon Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simon Bolívar
  • 1844 Declaration of Bab (Baha'i festival) ('Azamat 7, 1)
  • 1853 Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
  • 1861 3 fleeing slaves enter Fort Monroe Virginia
  • 1861 Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession from the Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Valley Campaign: Stonewall Jackson takes Fort Royal, Virginia

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • 1863 Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.
  • 1864 Battle of North Anna, Va, 1st of 3 days of fighting
  • 1865 -24] Victory parade in Washington, D.C. (Grand Review)
  • 1865 Flag flown at full mast over White House for the first time since Lincoln was shot

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Jesse James gang robs bank in Richmond, Missouri (2 die, $4,000 taken)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1873 Canada's North West Mounted Police Force forms (it didn't get the "Royal" until 1904)
  • 1873 Postal cards sold in SF for 1st time
  • 1876 1st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston)
  • 1878 Atty John Henry Smyth named US minister to Liberia
  • 1882 6" of snow falls in eastern Iowa
  • 1887 1st transcontinental train arrives in Vancouver, BC
  • 1894 William Love hosts ground breaking ceremonies for Love Canal
  • 1898 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from San Francisco
  • 1900 Associated Press News Service forms in NY
  • 1901 Indians score 9 runs after 2 outs in 9th to beat Senators 14-13
  • 1901 Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 US captures leader of Filipino rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1903 1st automobile trip across US from San Francisco to NY, ended April 1
  • 1903 1st direct primary election law in US adopted, by Wisconsin
  • 1907 The single chamber Parliament of Finland gathers for its first plenary session.
  • 1908 Dirigible explodes over SF Bay, 16 passengers fall, none killed
  • 1908 Part of Great White Fleet arrives in Puget Sound, Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue dedicated by President Taft

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1915 Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary during WW I
  • 1916 Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun
  • 1917 Dutch 2nd Chamber approves 1908 conscription draft
  • 1918 King Oil/Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
  • 1920 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
  • 1923 Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England
  • 1926 Hack Wilson is 1st to hit a home run off Wrigley Field scoreboard
  • 1926 Lebanese constitution forms under French mandate
  • 1928 Bomb attack on Italian embassy in Buenos Aires, 22 die
  • 1931 Whipsnade Zoo opens in Bedfordshire, England
  • 1932 Sir Hubert Ferdinand Opperman sets 24 hr record of 860 mi, 367 yds
  • 1934 The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.
  • 1935 1st scheduled night game postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)
  • 1939 British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949
  • 1939 Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed professor at conservatory of Leningrad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939 Submarine USS Squalus sinks in the Gulf of Maine, drowning 26, 33 remaining crew rescued from a depth of 243 ft (74 m) by divers using newly developed heliox air systems (divers later awarded the Medal of Honor)
  • 1940 1st great dogfight between Spitfires and Luftwaffe
  • 1941 Rudolf Harbig runs world record 1k (2:21.5)
  • 1943 -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann
  • 1944 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • 1944 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
  • 1944 Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead
  • 1944 Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941
  • 1945 British military police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz
  • 1945 German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British
  • 1945 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader & Gestapo leader, commits suicide in prison at 44
  • 1945 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) arrested at Danish boundary
  • 1947 PC Hooft prize forms for literature
  • 1948 Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel
  • 1949 Federal Republic of [West] Germany proclaimed (Republic Day)
  • 1949 Federal Republic of [West] Germany created out of the American, British and French occupation zones
  • 1951 Peter Ustinov's "Love of Four Colonels" premieres in London
  • 1951 Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet signed in Beijing, formally establishes Chinese sovereignty over Tibet
  • 1956 World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, SF
  • 1958 US schools 1st use Cliff's Notes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Mao Zedong starts "Great leap forward" movement in China

Chinese Communist Revolutionary Mao Zedong
Chinese Communist Revolutionary
Mao Zedong
  • 1958 Explorer 1 ceases transmission.
  • 1960 Israel announces capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina
  • 1960 WKBM TV (now WLII) channel 11 in Caguas/San Juan, PR 1st broadcast
  • 1962 OAS leader general Raoul Salan sentenced to life
  • 1962 Scott Carpenter orbits Earth 3 times in US Aurora 7
  • 1965 Franz Jonas elected president of Austria
  • 1965 Pontoon ferry overturned on Shire River Malawi, kills 150
  • 1967 Government bans submarines near South Africa
  • 1969 Lauwerszee Dike in Holland closes
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test (underground)
  • 1970 A fire breaks out in the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Straits in north Wales contributing to its partial destruction and causing approximately £1,000,000 worth of fire damage.
  • 1971 Rock group Iron Butterfly disbands
  • 1974 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 Italian Red Brigade officer Mario Sossi freed
  • 1977 Benin adopts its constitution
  • 1977 US Supreme Court refuses to hear appeals of Watergate wrong doers H. R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman & John Mitchell
  • 1977 Moluccan extremists hold 105 schoolchildren & 50 others hostage on a hijacked train in Neth, children released May 27, siege ends June 11
  • 1978 General strike in Peru
  • 1979 "Kids Are All Right" premieres
  • 1979 West-Germany elects Karl Carstens president
  • 1981 Barcelona fascists take 200 people hostage
  • 1981 NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 501
  • 1982 Colin Wilson rides a surfboard 294 miles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Pope John Paul II declares "Peerke" Donders a saint

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1983 Radio Moscow announcer Vladimir Danchev praises Afghanistan Muslims standing up to Russia; he is removed from the air
  • 1986 US & Western Europe veto heavier sanctions against South Africa
  • 1988 Maryland stops sale of cheap pistols on Jan 1, 1990
  • 1989 Lincoln Square in Bronx named
  • 1989 Cleve loses & drop to 21-22, this is the latest a sub .500 team is in 1st place (AL East)
  • 1990 Cost of rescuing savings & loan failures is put at up to $130 billion
  • 1990 Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,856.26
  • 1991 Last Cubans troops leave Angola
  • 1991 US Supreme Court bars subsidized clinics from discussing abortion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 US President George H. W. Bush orders Coast Guard to intercept boats with Haitian refugees

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1994 270 pilgrims die in the bustle round Mina, Saudi-Arabia
  • 1994 Roman Herzog elected President of Germany
  • 1996 Fred Norris of the Howard Stern show changes his name legally to Eric
  • 1998 The Good Friday Agreement is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with 75% voting yes.
  • 2002 The "55 parties" clause of the Kyoto protocol is reached after its ratification by Iceland.
  • 2003 The Euro exceeds its initial trading value as it hits $1.18 for the first time since its introduction in 1999.
  • 2004 Part of Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport's Terminal 2E collapses, killing four people and injuring three others.
  • 2008 The International Court of Justice (ICJ) awards Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh) to Singapore, ending a 29-year territorial dispute between the two countries.
  • 2014 Russia and China veto the U.N. Security Council resolution to establish an International Criminal Court for war crimes in Syria
  • 2016 Chinese archaeologists announce findings of earliest use of barley in China to make beer, Shaanxi province 3400-2900 BC