Events in History on May 31

  • 1279 BC Rameses II (The Great) (19th dynasty) becomes Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
  • 70 Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1223 Mongol invasion of the Cumans: Battle of the Kalka River - Mongol armies of Genghis Khan lead by Subutai defeat Kievan Rus and Cumans.

Great Khan of the Mongol Empire Genghis Khan
Great Khan of the Mongol Empire
Genghis Khan
  • 1417 Jacoba of Bavaria becomes countess of Holland/Zealand/Henegouwen
  • 1495 Emperor Maximilian, Pope Alexander VI, Milan, King Ferdinand, Isabella & Venice sign anti-French Saint League
  • 1531 "Women's Revolt" in Amsterdam: wool house in churchyard aborted
  • 1564 Battle on Gotland: Lübeck & Denmark beat Sweden
  • 1578 Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England, to Frobisher Bay, Canada, eventually to mine fools gold, used to pave streets in London.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1621 Sir Francis Bacon thrown into Tower of London for 1 night

Statesman/Philosopher Francis Bacon
Francis Bacon
  • 1634 The colony of Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony
  • 1659 Netherlands, England & France sign Treaty of The Hague
  • 1665 Jerusalem's rabbi Sjabtai Tswi proclaims himself Messiah
  • 1669 Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary.
  • 1696 John Salomonsz elected chief of Saint-Eustatius
  • 1727 France, Britain & Netherlands sign accord of Paris
  • 1744 French troops conquer Kortrijk
  • 1759 The Province of Pennsylvania bans all theater productions.
  • 1790 US copyright law enacted
  • 1790 Alferez Manuel Quimper explores the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
  • 1813 In Australia, Lawson, Blaxland and Wentworth reached Mount Blaxland, effectively marking the end of a route across the Blue Mountains.
  • 1821 Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore
  • 1836 HMS Beagle anchors in Simons Bay, Cape of Good Hope
  • 1837 Astor Hotel opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria
  • 1847 Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens
  • 1849 Last edition of Orange sheet "Journal de La Haye"
  • 1853 Elisha Kane's Arctic expedition leaves NY aboard Advance
  • 1861 Gen Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line
  • 1861 Mint at New Orleans closes
  • 1862 Battle of Seven Pines VA (Fair Oaks)
  • 1864 Raid at Morgan's Kentucky
  • 1868 1st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio
  • 1870 Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)
  • 1870 E J DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement
  • 1875 Reciprocity Treaty between US & Hawaii ratified
  • 1878 German battleship SMS Grosser Kurfürst sinks, 284 killed
  • 1878 US Congress accepts decrease in dollar circulation
  • 1879 1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1879 Madison Square Garden opens in New York, named after 4th President James Madison

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • 1883 French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar
  • 1884 Dr John Harvey Kellogg patents "flaked cereal"
  • 1889 Johnstown Flood; 2,209 die in Penn
  • 1891 Work on trans-Siberian railway begins
  • 1893 Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening (zipper)
  • 1899 -June 5] Conference of Bloemfontein fails
  • 1899 Bronx acquires Keltch Memorial Park
  • 1900 British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg
  • 1900 Piet de Law captures Lt Col BE Spragges, 13th Battalion Irish Imperial Yeomanry
  • 1900 US troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion
  • 1901 At the opening of the Greek National Assembly, Prince George, High Commissioner of Crete, asks it to endorse the union of Crete with Greece; the proposal is later rejected
  • 1902 Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal
  • 1902 Labor trouble and riots lead Spanish King Alfonso XII to impose martial law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Emperor Wilhelm II lands in Tanger

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1906 Attack on King Alfonso XIII & Victoria of Battenberg in Madrid
  • 1907 Taxis 1st began running in NYC
  • 1908 Miss Pottelsberghe de la Pottery is 1st airplane passenger (Belgium)
  • 1909 1st NAACP conference (United Charities Building, NYC)
  • 1910 Cape of Good Hope becomes part of Union of South Africa
  • 1910 Glenn Curtiss flies from Albany to NYC
  • 1910 Union of South Africa declares its independence from the United Kingdom
  • 1911 RMS Titanic launched in Belfast
  • 1912 US marines land on Cuba
  • 1913 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified
  • 1913 Alexis Ahlgren runs world record maraton (2:36:06.6)
  • 1915 An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London
  • 1916 Battle of Jutland (Skagerrak): naval battle between British Grand Fleet and German High Seas Fleet: over 8,500 die in this inconclusive slaughter - although the German fleet never put to sea again.
  • 1916 British battle cruiser HMS Invincible explodes, killing all but 6 (Battle of Jutland)
  • 1919 NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic
  • 1921 Suffy McInnis (1st base) begins an errorless string of 1,700
  • 1923 China & USSR exchange diplomats
  • 1923 The South African Indian Congress (SAIC) forms in Durban, South Africa, with Omar Hajee Amod Jhaveri as President.
  • 1924 China recognizes the USSR
  • 1926 Portuguese president Bernardino Machedo resigns after coup
  • 1926 Sesquicentennial Exposition opens in Philadelphia
  • 1928 1st aerial crossing of Pacific takes off from Oakland
  • 1929 Atlantic City Convention Center opens
  • 1930 Building begins on Albert Canal in Belgium
  • 1930 Comet 73P/1930 (Schwassmann-Wachmann 3) approaches 0.0617 AUs of Earth
  • 1931 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.
  • 1935 7.7 magnitude earthquake hits Quetta in Balochistan, British Raj (Pakistan) killing approx 50,000
  • 1937 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
  • 1937 German battleships bombard Almeria, Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Major General Bernard Montgomery leaves Dunkirk

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Winston Churchill flies to Paris to meet with French Marshal Philippe Pétain who announces he is willing to make a separate peace with Germany

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1941 -June 1) 32.0 cm rain falls on Burlington Kansas (state record)
  • 1941 1st issue of "Parade" goes on sale
  • 1941 41 U boats sunk this month (325,000 ton)
  • 1941 British troops evacuate Crete
  • 1941 A Luftwaffe air raid in Dublin, in neutral Ireland, claims 38 lives.
  • 1942 Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury
  • 1943 "Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio
  • 1943 Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters
  • 1944 Allied breakthrough in Italy
  • 1947 Communists seize power in Hungary
  • 1947 Eastern DC-4 crashes between Ft Deposit & Perryville Md, kills 53
  • 1947 Italian government of Gasperi forms
  • 1948 Tommy Lasorda strikes out 25 Amsterdam Rugmakers (in 15 innings)
  • 1949 Charley Lupica begins stay on 4 foot square platform atop a 60' pole, vowing to stay until Indians clinch pennant. (They don't, & stays 117 days)
  • 1951 Netherlands & South Africa sign cultural accord
  • 1953 Lebanese president Camille Shamun disbands government
  • 1955 Construction begins on Soviet cosmodrome launch facilities
  • 1955 Great Britain proclaims emergency crisis due to rail strike
  • 1955 US Supreme Court orders school integration "with all deliberate speed"
  • 1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Bikini Island (atmospheric tests)
  • 1961 Arthur Michael Ramsey appointed the 100th Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1961 Chuck Berry's amusement park, Berryland in St Louis, opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK visits Charles de Gaulle in Paris

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1961 Judge Irving Kaufman orders Board of Ed of New Rochelle, to integrate
  • 1961 Union of South Africa becomes a republic, leaves Commonwealth
  • 1962 The West Indies Federation dissolves.
  • 1964 Charles Schmid kills first Pied Piper victim
  • 1965 Jim Clark becomes 1st foreigner in 49 years to win Indy
  • 1969 "Gitarzan" by Ray Stevens peaks at #8
  • 1970 At 03:23 PM, Yungay Peru levelled by 7.75 earthquake (50-70,000 die)
  • 1974 Israel & Syria sign an agreement concerning Golan Heights
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 Fred Newman makes 12,874 baskets in a one-day exhibition
  • 1976 Loudest PA (76 KW) for Who's Quadrophenia in London
  • 1977 Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani becomes heir apparent to throne of Qatar
  • 1977 Trans Alaska oil pipeline completed
  • 1980 "Love Stinks" by J Geils Band peaks at #38
  • 1980 Police & youthful rebels battle in Zurich
  • 1984 57th National Spelling Bee: Daniel Greenblatt wins spelling luge
  • 1984 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1985 41 tornadoes hit Northeast US, killing 88
  • 1985 Guatemala adopts constitution
  • 1985 Tornadoes in Pennsylvania, Ohio, New York State & Canada kill 88 & injured more than 1,000
  • 1985 1985 United States-Canadian tornado outbreak: Forty-one tornadoes hit Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, and Ontario, leaving 76 dead.
  • 1985 Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) became a Schedule I drug in the United States.
  • 1989 "Rambling with Gambling" 20,000th radio program on WOR-AM (NYC)
  • 1989 Speaker of US House of Representatives Jim Wright resigns
  • 1990 63rd National Spelling Bee: Amy Marie Dimak wins spelling fibranne
  • 1990 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Dana Miller-Mackie
  • 1990 NYC's Zodiac killer shoots 3rd victim, Joseph Ponce
  • 1991 Sides in Angola sign a treaty ending 16 year civil war
  • 1992 46th Tony Awards: Dancing at Lughnasa & Crazy For You win
  • 1992 5th Children's Miracle Network Telethon raises $1,060,000
  • 1993 President Dobrica Ćosić of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia flees
  • 1996 Mark Van Thillo & Abigail Alling, former biospherian win $100,000 lawsuit against Biospheric Development for Space Biospheres Ventures
  • 1997 The Confederation Bridge opens, linking Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick.
  • 2005 Mark Felt, former FBI high ranking official revealed as "Deep Throat" source during Watergate investigations in "Vanity Fair" article

Sports record brokenWorld Record

2008 Usain Bolt breaks the world record in the 100m sprint, with a wind-legal (+1.7m/s) 9.72 seconds.

Olympic Sprinter Usain Bolt
Olympic Sprinter
Usain Bolt
  • 2010 Shayetet 13 soldiers tried to stop the flotilla that wanted to break the blockade on Gaza Strip. During the boarding on the MV Mavi Marmara ship, a violent confrontation had started. It caused the death of 9 activists who were on board, and several more injured activists. Moreover, several israeli soldiers were injured.
  • 2012 Egypt formally ends its 31 year state of emergency