Events in History on November 19

  • 461 St Hilary begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 615 Pope Deusdedit/Adeodatus I elected to succeed Boniface IV
  • 1302 Pope Boniface VIII delegates degree "Unam sanctam"
  • 1367 League of Cologne goes against Danish king Waldemar IV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1493 Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico, on his 2nd voyage

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1521 Battle at Milan: Emperor Karel V's/pontifical/Spanish/German troops beat France & occupy Milan
  • 1523 Giulio de' Medici chosen as Pope Clemens VII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1530 The Recess document resulting from the Diet of Augsburg signed by Charles V and catholic princes

King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1544 Pope Paul III opens council of Trente
  • 1620 Mayflower reaches Cape Cod & explores the coast
  • 1621 Rabbi Isaiah ben Abraham aha-Levi Horowitz arrives in Israel
  • 1644 First protestant ministry society in New England
  • 1700 Battle at Narva: Swedish King Karel XII defeats Russians
  • 1794 Jakobin Club forms in Paris
  • 1794 Jay Treaty, first US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
  • 1805 Lewis & Clark expedition reaches the Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross the west
  • 1816 Warsaw University is established.
  • 1824 Storm causes St Petersburg flood, killing 10,000
  • 1835 A ship carrying 500 armed Maori from Ngati Tama and Ngati Mutunga arrives on the Chatham Islands; those Moriori (indigenous people of the Chatham Islands) that are not killed are enslaved
  • 1837 Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1850 Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate, succeeding William Wordsworth

  • 1861 Julia Ward Howe committed "Battle Hymn of the Republic" to paper
  • 1861 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe leaves Philadelphia, USA, for London, England on the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1863 US President Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; "Four score & seven years ago..."
  • 1872 E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first 'calculator', an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed", of Tammany Hall (NYC) convicted of defrauding city of $6M, sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment

Politician Boss Tweed
Politician
Boss Tweed
  • 1873 James Reed and two accomplices rob the Watt Grayson family of $30,000 in the Choctaw Nation
  • 1879 National Association of Trotting Horse Breeders determines what "is" a trotter
  • 1881 A meteorite lands near the village of Großliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
  • 1885 Bulgarians, led by Stefan Stambolov, repulse a larger Serbian invasion force at Slivinitza
  • 1887 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dying Detective" (BG)
  • 1893 1st newspaper color supplement (NY World)
  • 1894 1st mushroom on a stamp (China 1 & 5 Ap)
  • 1894 Dutch troops occupy & plunders palace of Tjakra Negara, Lombok
  • 1895 American inventor Frederick E Blaisdell patents the pencil
  • 1896 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Sussex Vampire" (BG)
  • 1903 Carrie Nation attempts to address Senate
  • 1905 The steamer "Hilda" sinks in the English Channel (100 people drown)
  • 1909 Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper denies corruption
  • 1910 Ferenc Molnàr's "Tester" premieres in Budapest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 NY receives first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1919 US Senate rejects (55-39) Treaty of Versailles & League of Nations
  • 1922 Demonstration for a French Language University in Ghent
  • 1923 Béla Bartòk's "Tancsuite" premieres
  • 1923 The Oklahoma State Senate ousts Governor Walton for anti-Ku Klux Klan measures
  • 1926 British miners' strike ends after 28 weeks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Politburo in the Soviet Union

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Shaft & Thyssen demand Hitler become German chancellor

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1933 Women allowed to vote in Spain (helps right wing)
  • 1939 Don Lash wins 6th straight AAU cross-country 10K championship
  • 1940 Belgian King Leopold III visits Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 First major German air raid on Birmingham - about 440 bombers kill 450

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Joseph Goebbels visits "German Theatre in the Netherlands"

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels
  • 1942 Russia launches winter offensive against Germans along Don front
  • 1942 Operation Uranus: Soviet offensive begins during Battle of Stalingrad, 1 million Russian soldiers encircle the German Sixth Army
  • 1943 U-536 sinks in Atlantic Ocean

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 World War II: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1947 200" mirror arrives at Mt Palomar
  • 1949 Prince Rainier III coronation as 30th ruling Prince of Monaco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 US General Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATO-Europe

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1952 North American F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record, 1124 KPH
  • 1952 Spain joins UNESCO
  • 1952 Scandinavian Airlines opens a commercial route from Canada to Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 US VP Richard Nixon visits Hanoi

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1955 National Review publishes its first issue.
  • 1957 Antonin Novotny appointed president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1958 First 2 F-27 Fokker's Friendships delivered on Aer Lingus
  • 1959 Ford Motors cancels its poorly received Edsel model
  • 1960 Mickey Vernon is hired as 1st manager of new Washington team
  • 1961 Houston George Blanda passes for 7 touchdowns vs NY Titans (49-13)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Fidel Castro accepts removal of Soviet weapons

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1962 SN Behrman's "Lord Pengo" premieres in NYC
  • 1962 Todor Zjivkov becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • 1965 Kellogg's Pop Tarts pastries created
  • 1966 Mad Dog Vachon beats Dick The Bruiser in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1968 Military coup in Mali, president Modibo Keita flees
  • 1969 Apollo 12's Charles Conrad & Alan Bean become 3rd & 4th humans on the Moon
  • 1970 Golden Gate Park Conservatory becomes a Cal state historical landmark
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 Disney World's Fort Wilderness opens
  • 1972 Gershwin Theater (Uris) opens at 1633 Broadway NYC

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1972 Willy Brandts SPD wins West German election

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1972 Leader of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) Seán MacStiofáin is arrested in Dublin
  • 1973 Elections in Suriname, premier Sedney's PNP doesn't win a chair
  • 1973 New York stock market takes sharpest drop in 19 years
  • 1976 Patty Hearst is freed on $15 million bail
  • 1976 Jaime Ornelas Camacho takes office as the first President of the Regional Government of Madeira, Portugal.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat arrives in Israel

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1977 Libya drops diplomatic relations with Egypt
  • 1979 Chuck Berry released from prison on income tax evasion
  • 1981 U.S. Steel agrees to pay $6.3 million for Marathon Oil
  • 1984 Liquid gas tank in Mexico City explodes; 334 die
  • 1985 Herb Gardner's "I'm Not Rappaport" premieres in NYC
  • 1985 In the largest civil verdict in US history, Pennzoil wins $10.53 billion judgement against Texaco
  • 1986 Tina Howe's "Coastal Disturbances" premieres in NYC
  • 1987 France performs nuclear test
  • 1990 Greyhound files reoganization plan so they can be traded publically
  • 1993 Algerian Muslim fundamentalists uprising, 27 killed
  • 1993 Curacaose vote to remain part of Dutch Antilles
  • 1994 Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Tish Johnson for the third time
  • 1995 CNET lauches www.shareware.com
  • 1995 Keelin Curnuck, 23, Ms Venus Swimwear 1994, crowned Miss NY USA
  • 1995 Suicide bomber blasts into Egyptian embassy in Islamabad, kills 16
  • 1996 Space Shuttle STS 80 (Columbia 21), launches into space
  • 1996 The case of the Port Arthur massacre comes to trial.
  • 1996 Lt. Gen. Maurice Baril of Canada arrives in Africa to lead a multi-national policing force in Zaire.
  • 1996 The 12.9 km Confederation Bridge, joining Borden-Carleton, Prince Edward Island and Cape Jourimain, New-Brunswick is completed and becomes the longest bridge over ice covered waters in the world
  • 1997 STS 87 (Columbia 24) launches into orbit
  • 1997 In Des Moines, Iowa, Bobbi McCaughey gives birth to septuplets in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive. They would go on to become the first set of septuplets to survive infancy, with all seven alive in 2007.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Vincent van Gogh's Portrait of the Artist Without Beard sells at auction for $71.5 million USD.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1999 Shenzhou 1: The People's Republic of China launches its first Shenzhou spacecraft.
  • 1999 In Istanbul, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe ends a two-day summit by calling for a political settlement in Chechnya and adopting a Charter for European Security.
  • 2010 New Zealand suffers its worst mining disaster since 1914 when the first of four explosions occurs at the Pike River Mine; 29 people are killed
  • 2013 23 people are killed by a suicide bombing attack on the Iranian Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon