Events in History on November 20

Event of interestEvent of Interest

284 Roman soldier Diocletian proclaimed Emperor by the army

Roman Emperor Diocletian
Roman Emperor
Diocletian
  • 762 Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire
  • 1168 Giovanni di Struma elected anti-Pope
  • 1194 Palermo is conquered by Emperor Henry VI.
  • 1272 Edward I proclaimed King of England
  • 1342 Pope Clemens VI names John IV of Arkel as bishop of Utrecht
  • 1347 Coke di Rienzo, later Roman Tribunal, addressess a meeting of on the Capitol during people's revolt in Rome
  • 1407 A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.
  • 1431 First meeting of Order of the Golden Fleece
  • 1520 Friesland hit by heavy hail storm
  • 1521 Arabs attribute shortage of water in Jerusalem to Jews making wine
  • 1583 Duke of Parma conquers Aalst
  • 1616 Bishop Richelieu becomes French minister of Foreign affairs/War
  • 1637 Peter Minuit & 1st Swedish immigrants to Delaware sail from Sweden
  • 1695 Zumbi last leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil and ex-slave, is executed
  • 1719 Sweden & Hannover sign peace Treaty of Stockholm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755 English minister William Pitt the Elder resigns

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder
  • 1759 -22] Battle in Bay of Quiberon, British beat French
  • 1789 New Jersey is 1st state to ratify Bill of Rights
  • 1795 Curacao government forbids slave work on Sunday

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1815 2nd Treaty of Paris: France & her allies agree France pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending Napoleonic Wars

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1815 Russia, Prussia, Austria & England signs Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" same day as Treaty of Paris
  • 1817 First Seminole War begins in Florida
  • 1829 Jews expelled from Nikolayev & Sevastopol Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833 Charles Darwin reaches Punta Gorda, sees Rio Uruguay

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1852 Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks & Faces" premieres in London
  • 1861 Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government.
  • 1862 Confederate armies of Mississippi and Kentucky merge as Army of Tennessee, under General Braxton Bragg
  • 1866 First national convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org)
  • 1866 Howard University founded (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1873 Rival cities of Buda & Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary
  • 1888 Willard Bundy patents timecard clock
  • 1890 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Slavery in the Missions"
  • 1894 US intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 George Bernard Shaw's "Doctor's Dilemma" premieres in London

  • 1909 Jack Williams of Ottawa Rough Riders kicks 9 singles in a game
  • 1910 Revolution broke out in Mexico, led by Francisco I Madero
  • 1911 Gustav Mahler's "Das Lied von der Erde" (Song of the Earth) premieres in Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 The funeral of Paul and Laura (daughter of Karl Marx) Lafargue in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1914 US State Department starts requiring photographs for passports
  • 1917 First successful tank use in battle (Britain breaks through German lines) at Battle of Cambrai WWI
  • 1917 Ukrainian Republic declared
  • 1919 1st municipally owned airport in US opens (Tucson Az)
  • 1920 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to US president W Wilson
  • 1922 Zoe Akins' "Texas Nightingale" premieres in NYC
  • 1923 Garrett Morgan invents & patents traffic signal
  • 1923 Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion (One Billion on the long scale) Papiermark
  • 1928 WGH-AM in Newport News VA begins radio transmissions
  • 1929 First broadcast of "Goldbergs" on US radio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Salvador Dali's first one-man show

Painter Salvador Dali
Painter
Salvador Dali
  • 1931 Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T)
  • 1932 Earthquake at Uden Netherlands
  • 1934 Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour" premieres in NYC
  • 1934 New Belgian government of Theunis, Francqui & Gutt (3 bankers)
  • 1936 Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad.
  • 1938 1st documented anti-semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin)
  • 1940 Hungary joins 3 Power pact
  • 1940 World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers.
  • 1941 Adm Nomura & Kurusu hands over Japanese last diplomatic note
  • 1941 German "auxiliary cruiser" (armed merchant raider) Kormoran sinks near Australia
  • 1942 26th Soviet Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski
  • 1942 British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya
  • 1943 U-538 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 1943 US forces land on Tarawa & Makin Atoll in Gilbert Island
  • 1944 1st Japanese suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
  • 1944 Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees
  • 1944 Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda
  • 1945 24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1945 Queen Wilhelmina opens Dutch parliament in Hague
  • 1946 Lillian Hellman's "Another Part of the Forest" premieres in NYC
  • 1947 1st permanent TV installed on seagoing vessel (New Jersey)
  • 1947 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Mediator Dei
  • 1947 UN General assembly begins debate on printing their own stamps
  • 1948 US balloon reaches height of 42.7 km (record)
  • 1949 Jewish population of Israel reaches 1,000,000
  • 1951 Snowdonia becomes a British National Park
  • 1952 George Axelrod's "Seven Year Itch" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Slánský trials begin - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1953 Scott Crossfield in Douglas Skyrocket, 1st to break Mach 2 (1,300 MPH)
  • 1959 UN adopts Universal Declaration of Children's Rights
  • 1962 USSR agrees to remove bombers from Cuba, & US lifts blockade
  • 1964 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 9th/10th String Quartet premieres in Moscow
  • 1965 UN Security council calls for boycott of Rhodesia
  • 1966 Men in Zurich vote against female suffrage
  • 1967 At 11 AM, Census Clock at Department of Commerce ticks past 200 million
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1969 Alcatraz Island off SF, is seized by militant Native Americans
  • 1970 UN General Assembly accepts membership of People's Republic of China
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 2 British soldiers are killed in a booby trap bomb in Cullyhanna, County Armagh
  • 1974 Rangers' Jeff Burroughs wins AL MVP
  • 1974 The US files antitrust suit to break-up AT&T

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the 1st Arab leader to address Israeli Knesset

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1979 Sji'ieten occupies great mosque of Mecca, 100s killed
  • 1979 US's 1st artificial blood transfusion occurs at University of Minnesota Hospital
  • 1980 Steve Ptacek in Solar Challenger makes 1st solar-powered flight
  • 1980 United Nations Gulf War mediator Olof Palme makes first unsuccessful peace shuttle between Tehran and Baghdad
  • 1981 Anatoly Karpov, USSR retains world chess championship
  • 1981 Burundi adopts its constitution
  • 1981 El Salvador guerrilla group FMLN opens "limited offensive"
  • 1981 Ringo releases "Stop & Smell Roses" album
  • 1984 McDonald's makes its 50 billionth hamburger
  • 1984 SETI Institute (Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence) is founded.
  • 1985 Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released.
  • 1986 Afghanistan President Babrak Karmal flees
  • 1986 World Health Organization announces first global effort to combat AIDS

ReplacementLeadership Contest

1990 British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher fails to defeat Michael Heseltine's bid for leadership of the Conservative Party

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 1990 US 68th manned space mission STS 38 (Atlantis 7) returns from space

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Saddam Hussein announces plans to release German hostages

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
  • 1990 Soviet Union shows reluctance to endorse the use of force against Iraq
  • 1992 Queen Elizabeth's home Windsor Castle catches fire
  • 1993 Jakovlev-42 crashes into mountain at Ohrid Macedonia, 116 killed
  • 1993 Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Robin Romeo
  • 1993 Winnie Mandela's driver/bodyguard murdered in Johannesburg
  • 1993 Savings and Loan scandal: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his "dealings" with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating.
  • 1994 Kosmos 2294/2295/2296 launches
  • 1994 The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war (localized fighting resumed the next year).
  • 1995 FDA approves new therapy for use as an initial AIDS treatment, 3TC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Princess Diana admits she cheated on Prince Charles in a TV interview

Princess of Wales Diana Spencer
Princess of Wales
Diana Spencer
His Royal Highness Prince Charles
His Royal Highness
Prince Charles
  • 1995 STS 74 (Atlantis 15), lands
  • 1997 Yohannes Haile-Selassie discovers the partial skull of a 2.5 million year old human ancestor, confirming and establishing the new species Australopithecus garhi, in Bouri, Middle Awash, Ethiopia
  • 1997 Iraq's Revolution Command Council formally endorses an agreement, arranged by Russia, that enables UN weapons inspection teams to resume operations in Iraq

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 A court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 1998 The first module of the International Space Station, Zarya, is launched.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2001 US President George W. Bush dedicates the US Department of Justice headquarters as the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, honoring the late Robert F. Kennedy on what would have been his 76th birthday

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy
43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2003 After the November 15 bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate.
  • 2008 After critical failures in the US financial system began to build up after mid-September, the Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level since 1997.
  • 2009 The Mexican government declares its economy technically out of recession after 2.93% GDP growth in the third quarter of 2009; Mexico had been in a severe economic crisis for over a year prior to its economic rebound
  • 2012 Toshiba unveils a robot designed to help in nuclear disasters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Nearly 5 million illegal migrants in the US have the threat of deportation deferred, after President Barack Obama announces sweeping immigration changes

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 2015 More than half of all trees in Amazon forest at risk of extinction according to data published in journal "Sciences Advances"
  • 2016 South Korean President Park Geun-hye's controversial friend Choi Soon-sil charged with abuse of authority and coercion amid calls to also impeach the President