Events in History on October 13

Event of interestEvent of Interest

54 Nero succeeds Claudius as Roman Emperor

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor Claudius
Roman Emperor
  • 409 Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees and appear in Hispania
  • 1213 Battle at Steppes-Bishop Pierrepont & Louis II beat Henry I of Brabant
  • 1282 Nichiren Daishonin, founder of the Nichiren School of Buddhism, dies, his ashes are interred at Taisekiji Temple.
  • 1307 French King Philip IV has Grand Master Jacques de Molay and Knights Templar arrested and charged of idolatry and corruption
  • 1483 Rabbi Issac Abarbanel starts his exegesis on Bible
  • 1492 English admiral Sir Edward Poynings' fleet occupies Lock
  • 1501 Maximilian of Austria & Louis XII sign Treaty of Trente
  • 1534 Alessandro Farnese elected as Pope Paul III
  • 1629 Dutch West Indies Co grants religious freedom in West Indies
  • 1652 Prince of Condé flees Paris
  • 1659 Gen-major John Lambert drives out English Rump-government
  • 1660 Denmark king Frederik III makes coup
  • 1702 Dutch/English troops occupy Liège
  • 1710 English troops occupy Acadia (Nova Scotia)
  • 1716 Hungarian Emperor Karel VI's troops occupy Temesvar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1724 Jonathan Swift publishes last of Drapier's letters

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • 1760 Russian/Austrian army evacuates Berlin
  • 1773 The Whirlpool Galaxy was discovered by Charles Messier
  • 1775 First US Navy forms when Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet
  • 1792 "Old Farmer's Almanac" is 1st published and edited by Robert Thomas
  • 1792 Cornerstone laid for the Executive Mansion (White House) in Washington
  • 1812 Battle of Queenstown Heights: British forces defeat United States forces attempting to invade Canada
  • 1843 B'nai B'rith founded (NY)
  • 1845 Texas ratifies a state constitution
  • 1860 1st aerial photo taken in US (from a balloon), Boston
  • 1863 Skirmish at Blountsville, Tennessee (50 casualties)
  • 1864 Battle at Darbytown Road Virginia (337 casualties)
  • 1864 Battle of Dalton, GA - surrendered

BattleBattle of Interest

1864 Battle of Harpers Ferry, WV (Mosby's Raid)

The Gray Ghost John Singleton Mosby
The Gray Ghost
John Singleton Mosby
  • 1864 Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
  • 1870 Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
  • 1871 The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
  • 1881 Revival of Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda & friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations
  • 1884 Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude
  • 1885 The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1890 The Delta Chi fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
  • 1896 First public screening of a motion picture in New Zealand
  • 1899 7,000 layid-off black mine workers of South Africa reach Natal

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1902 US President Theodore Roosevelt threatens to start using army troops to work coal mines struck since 12 may; this brings the owners to agree to abide by a Commission of Arbitration

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1903 Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland" premieres in NYC
  • 1914 The Belgian government in exile installed at St Adresse at Le Havre
  • 1914 Garrett Morgan invents & patents gas mask
  • 1914 Pro-German Boers begin opposition to British authority in South Africa
  • 1917 Soviets accept establishment of Petrograd Military
  • 1923 Angora (Ankara) becomes Turkey's capital

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Mecca falls without struggle to Saudi forces led by Abdulaziz Ibn Saud

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1930 New German Reichstag opens with 107 NSDAP members in uniform
  • 1931 Noel Coward's "Cavalcade" premieres in London
  • 1933 JDJ Boularan's "Tovarich" premieres in Paris
  • 1936 Explosion caused by leaking gas rips out section 12 of Cleve Stadium
  • 1937 A recorded trace of snow in Central Park, NYC
  • 1941 Nazis kill 11,000 Jewish children/old people
  • 1943 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • 1944 Riga, capital of Latvia, freed
  • 1944 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII
  • 1947 "Kukla, Fran & Ollie" premieres
  • 1953 Burglar alarm-ultrasonic or radio waves-patented-Samuel Bagno
  • 1954 RP Smith/M Shulman's "Tender Trap" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 1st edition of L'express publishes in Paris
  • 1957 German Democratic Republic recalls OstMark & issues new currency
  • 1958 Burial of Eugenio Pacelli, Pope Pius XII on the 41st anniversary of the "Miracle of the Sun".


1960 Opponents of Fidel Castro executed in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1964 At Plesman airport, Curacao, 125.5 mm rainfalls (record)
  • 1964 Voskhod 1 crew returns
  • 1966 173 US aircraft bomb North Vietnam
  • 1966 Vice Admiral Rufus L Taylor, USN, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1968 Tinker Creek Gorge of Cleveland Metroparks is dedicated
  • 1969 1st time 7 people in space
  • 1969 Billy Martin (97-65) is fired as manager of AL West-winning Twins
  • 1969 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 8 is launched
  • 1970 Angela Davis arrested in NYC
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1970 A man dies in a premature bomb explosion in Dublin, Republic of Ireland
  • 1972 Aeroflot Il-62 crashes in large pond outside Moscow, 176 die
  • 1972 Uruguay to Chile plane crashes in Andes Mountains, (passengers eat crash victims to survive, 16 of 45 rescued 2 months later)
  • 1973 Jordan enters Yom Kippur war
  • 1973 Teri Garr appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Emily in for Carol"
  • 1976 A Bolivian Boeing 707 cargo jet crashes in Santa Cruz, Bolivia killing 100 (97, mostly children, killed on the ground).
  • 1976 First electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy, working at the C.D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 US President Jimmy Carter answers callers' questions on National Public Radio

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1978 Swaziland's new constitution promulgated bans political parties
  • 1978 Tiros N, US's 1st third generation weather satellite, is launched
  • 1980 Unprovoked slayings of 6 blacks in Buffalo, NY

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1981 Vice President Hosni Mubarak elected President of Egypt

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak
  • 1983 Ameritech Mobile Communications (now Cingular) launched the first US cellular network in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1984 John Henry becomes 1st thoroughbred to win $6 million
  • 1984 STS 41-G mission; lands at Kennedy Space Center
  • 1985 Belgium premier Martens CVP wins parliamentary election
  • 1985 During NLCS, Cards rookie Vince Coleman is injured stretching before game as his left leg is caught in Busch Stadium's automated tarpaulin
  • 1987 1st military use of trained dolphins (US Navy in Persian Gulf)
  • 1987 Costa Rican President Oscar Arias wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1988 Concert at Masada ends Israel's 40th-anniversary festival
  • 1988 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Naguib Mahfouz
  • 1988 Shroud of Turin, revered by many Christians as Christ's burial cloth, is shown by carbon-dating tests to be a fake from the Middle Ages
  • 1988 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1989 Dow Jones down 190.58 points
  • 1990 First Russian Orthodox service in over 70 years held in St Basil's Cathedral, in Red Square, Moscow
  • 1990 Target Center in Minneapolis opens
  • 1993 Greek government of Papandreou forms
  • 1993 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Kary Mullis & Michael Smith
  • 1993 Nobel prize for physics awarded to Russel Hulse & Joseph Taylor
  • 1994 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Kenzaburo Oe
  • 1995 Joseph Rotblat awarded Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1995 Pamela Anderson Lee, rush to hospital with flu like symptoms
  • 1997 Andy Green's Jet-powered car reaches record 749.69 MPH
  • 1999 The United States Senate rejects ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
  • 2008 HM Treasury infused £37 billion ($64 billion, 47 billion euros) of new capital-bailout into Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc, Lloyds TSB and HBOS Plc, to avert a financial sector collapse.
  • 2010 The 2010 Copiapó mining accident in Copiapó, Chile comes to an end as all 33 miners arrive at the surface after surviving a record 69 days underground.
  • 2012 15 people are killed by a market suicide bombing in Darra Adam Khel, Pakistan
  • 2012 Gerhard Richter's Abstraktes Bild sells for $34 million, the highest sold artwork by a living artist
  • 2013 109 people are killed in a stampede on a bridge in  Datia district, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • 2015 Marlon James becomes first Jamaican to win the Man Booker Prize for his novel "A Brief History of Seven Killings"