Events in History on October 15

  • 533 Byzantine general Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Vandals.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520 King Henry VIII of England orders bowling lanes at Whitehall

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1522 Emperor Karel I names Hernán Cortés governor of Mexico

Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1552 Khanate of Kazan is conquered by troops of Ivan Grozny.
  • 1581 Commissioned by Catherine De Medici, the 1st ballet "Ballet Comique de la Reine" is staged in Paris
  • 1582 Many Catholic countries switch to Gregorian calendar, skip 10 days
  • 1598 Spanish general strategist Bernardino de Mendoza occupies fort Rhine
  • 1641 Paul de Chomedy de Maisonneuve claims Montreal
  • 1654 Prince Willem III appointed viceroy of Overijssel
  • 1655 Jews of Lublin are massacred
  • 1660 Asser Levy granted butcher's license (kosher meat) in New Amsterdam
  • 1705 English fleet under Lord Peterborough occupies Barcelona
  • 1724 Cornelis Steenoven is 1st archbishop of Old Catholic church in Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • 1756 Saxon army surrenders to Prussia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1764 Edward Gibbon observes a group of friars singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome, which inspires him to begin work on The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

Historian Edward Gibbon
Historian
Edward Gibbon
  • 1777 Mjr James Graves Simcoe appointed commandant of Queen's Rangers (Penn)
  • 1783 Jean Pilstre de Rozier makes 1st tethered balloon ascent
  • 1786 Earliest 32°F (0°C) recorded temperature in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 1st presidental tour-George Washington in New England

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on island of St Helena to begin his exile

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1827 Charles Darwin admitted to Christ's College, Cambridge

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1842 Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1846 Dr William Thomas Green Morton 1st public use of ether

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860 11-year-old Grace Bedell writes to Abraham Lincoln telling him to grow a beard

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1863 Cliff House opens in San Francisco, 1st of many on the site
  • 1864 Confederate troops occupy Glasgow, Missouri
  • 1866 Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
  • 1877 45th Congress (1877-79) convenes
  • 1878 Edison Electric Light Company incorporated
  • 1880 Cologne Cathedral, Germany completed, 633 years after it was begun
  • 1880 Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
  • 1881 1st American fishing magazine, American Angler published
  • 1883 Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • 1885 Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche decides to write his autobiography "Ecce Homo" on his 44th birthday

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1889 Amsterdam Central Station officially opens
  • 1890 Alabama Penny Savings Bank organizes in Birmingham
  • 1894 Captain Alfred Dreyfus arrested accused of espionage in France
  • 1897 Aaron and Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch
  • 1897 King Leopold II takes Belgian crown
  • 1899 Cincinnati closes season with 16-1 & 19-3 victories over Cleve Spiders
  • 1904 The Russians are driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000)
  • 1905 Union workers at NVV rejects safety demands
  • 1913 Train crash in Liverpool during "Black Week"
  • 1914 Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21)
  • 1914 Clayton Anti-trust Act passed (union & strike rights)
  • 1918 British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
  • 1919 14 horses begin 300-mile race from Vt to Mass for $1000 prize money

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 US President Calvin Coolidge declares Statue of Liberty a national monument

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 André Breton publishes his "Surrealist Manifesto" with Éditions du Sagittaire in Paris

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • 1926 Austria government of Seipel, forms

  • 1926 Philip Barry's "White Wings!" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 German dirigible "Graf Zeppelin" lands in Lakehurst, NJ

Inventor and Zeppelin Commander Hugo Eckener
Inventor and Zeppelin Commander
Hugo Eckener
  • 1932 Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight.
  • 1933 20th Amendment to the US Constitution goes into effect: President term begins in Jan not March

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Ernest Hemingway novel "To Have & Have Not" published

  • 1937 Rather than accept any trade offers, the Yanks release Tony Lazzeri
  • 1938 Robert Sherwoods "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 LaGuardia Airport opens in NYC
  • 1939 Yeshiva of Mir closes after 124 years
  • 1940 -16] Heavy German air raid on London, 400 killed
  • 1940 London's Waterloo Station bombed by German luftwaffe
  • 1941 1st mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Hideki Tojo appointed Prime Minister of Imperial Japan

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1941 Jews caught outside Nazi Ghetto walls in occupied Poland could be put to death
  • 1942 German 6th Army occupies Tractorenfabriek, 3,000 Germans die
  • 1944 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
  • 1948 China's Red army occupies Chinchov
  • 1949 Administration of territory of Manipur taken over by Indian government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Billy Graham begins his ministry

Evangelist Billy Graham
Evangelist
Billy Graham
  • 1949 Tripura accedes to Indian union
  • 1951 Egyptian parliament accept denounces Suez Canal Treaty
  • 1951 Mexican chemist Luis E. Miramontes synthesizes the first oral contraceptive
  • 1952 Arthur Laurent's "Time of the Cuckoo" premieres in NYC
  • 1954 Hurricane Hazel makes landfall in the US in North Carolina as a category 4 hurricane, 195 die in US and Canada
  • 1956 Pyotr Bolotnikov runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • 1956 William J. Brennan, Jr. is appointed to US Supreme Court
  • 1958 Tunisia drops diplomatic relations with Egypt
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1959 "Untouchables" premieres
  • 1962 Byron R White appointed to Supreme Court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Ludwig Erhard succeeds Konrad Adenauer as Chancellor of West Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1964 Craig Breedlove sets auto speed record of 846.97 kph
  • 1966 Australia bans Troggs' "I Can't Control Myself" as "terribly obscene"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 LBJ signs a bill creating US Department of Transportation

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 Black Panther Party created by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale
  • 1968 AL expansion draft, KC pick Roger Nelson & Pilots pick Don Mincher 1st
  • 1968 The Nationalist Party of Northern Ireland (NPNI) withdraws from its role as 'official' opposition within the Northern Ireland parliament at Stormont
  • 1969 Bank of America World Headquarters (555 California) dedicated
  • 1969 Vietnam Moratorium Day; millions nationwide protest the war
  • 1970 Bridge over Yarra River in Melbourne crashes; killing 35
  • 1970 Russian passenger flight hijacked to Turkey

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1970 Anwar Sadat elected 3rd President of Egypt, succeeding Gamal Abdel Nasser

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1971 The start of the 2,500-year celebration of Iran, celebrating the birth of Persia
  • 1973 Tanks attack Thailand demonstrating students, 300 killed
  • 1974 National Guard mobilizes to restore order in Boston school busing
  • 1974 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Paul J Flory (macro molecules)
  • 1975 Iceland moves intl boundary from 50 to 200 miles
  • 1976 1st debate of major-ticket VP nominees Mondale (D) vs Dole (R)
  • 1977 Arkansas' Steve Little kicks a record tying 67 yard field goal
  • 1977 Don Ritchie runs world record 100 mile (11:30:51)
  • 1977 "Serpentine Fire" single released by Earth, Wind & Fire (Billboard Song of the Year 1978)
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 1st Monday night game from NYC, Jets beat Vikings 14-7 (Shea Stad)
  • 1979 Chinese premier Hwa Kwofeng visits Paris
  • 1979 Military coup in El Salvador: president/general Carlos Romero flees
  • 1980 Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to Lawrence R Klein
  • 1981 Professional cheerleader Krazy George Henderson leads what is thought to be the first audience wave in Oakland, California.
  • 1983 Columbia beats Yale 21-18 in football, will lose next 44 games
  • 1983 US Marine sharpshooters kill 5 snipers at Beirut International Airport
  • 1984 Central Intelligence Agency Information Act passes
  • 1984 Centrum party expels 2nd Member of parliament Janmaat due to fraud
  • 1985 Nobel prize for economics awarded to Franco Modigliani
  • 1985 Shuttle Columbia carries Spacelab into orbit
  • 1985 Shelley Taylor of Australia makes fastest swim ever around Manhattan Island, doing it in 6 hours 12 minutes 29 seconds
  • 1987 6th Belgium government of Martens falls
  • 1987 Coup in Burkina Faso, president Sankara dies
  • 1987 Lanford Wilson's "Burn This" premieres in NYC
  • 1987 The Great Storm of 1987 hits France and England.
  • 1988 Amnesty International's Global Concert Tour ends in Buenos Aires

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 South African President F. W. de Klerk frees ANC Founder Walter Sisulu and four other political prisoners

South African President F. W. de Klerk
South African President
F. W. de Klerk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev wins Nobel Peace Prize

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1991 Clarence Thomas is confirmed as Supreme Court Justice (52-48)
  • 1992 Charles Taylor launches an offensive against Monrovia Liberia
  • 1992 Howard Stern radio show begins broadcasting on WLUP-AM, Chicago
  • 1992 NYC Subway motorman Robert Ray convicted of manslaughter in death of 5 riders, when he fell asleep drunk while in control of train
  • 1993 Amstel brewery on Curacao produces 1,000,000,000th bottle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Nelson Mandela and South African President F. W. de Klerk awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
South African President F. W. de Klerk
South African President
F. W. de Klerk
  • 1994 Botswana President Ketumile Masires BDP wins parliamentary election
  • 1994 President Jean-Baptiste Aristide returns to Haiti
  • 1997 Britain's Andy Green sets jet-powered car record (763.035 mph)
  • 1997 Former rep Dan Rostenkowski released from custody for mail fraud
  • 1997 US launches nuclear powered Cassini to Saturn
  • 2001 NASA's Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter's moon Io.
  • 2001 The first tanker loading of the new $2.5-billion Kazakh-Russia Pipeline takes place
  • 2003 China launches Shenzhou 5, its first manned space mission.
  • 2003 The Staten Island Ferry boat Andrew J. Barberi collides with a pier at the St. George Ferry Terminal in Staten Island, killing 11 people and injuring 43.
  • 2005 Iraqi constitution ratification vote
  • 2005 Riot in Toledo, Ohio breaks out during a National Socialist/Neo-Nazi protest; over 100 are arrested.
  • 2007 17 Activists in Aotearoa New Zealand arrested in the country's first post 9/11 anti-terrorism raids across the country.
  • 2011 Global protests break out in 951 cities in 82 countries
  • 2011 Legoland Florida (the world's largest Legoland theme park) opens in Winter Haven, Florida.
  • 2012 Hilary Mantel wins the 2012 Man Booker Prize for her novel "Bring Up the Bodies"