Events in History on October 16

  • 456 Magister militum Ricimer defeats the Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the western Roman Empire.
  • 1311 Council of Vienne (15th ecumenical council) opens
  • 1384 Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, despite being a woman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Columbus' fleet anchors at "Fernandina" (Long Island, Bahamas)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1502 Storm ravages Friese coast
  • 1551 English Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset re-arrested
  • 1600 Olivier van Noorts ships reach Philippines
  • 1674 Emperor Leopold I fires chancellor Furst Wenzel Lobkowitz
  • 1710 British troops occupies Port Royal, Nova Scotia
  • 1757 Austrian troops occupy Berlin
  • 1775 Portland, Maine burned by British
  • 1780 Royalton, Vermont and Tunbridge, Vermont last major raid of the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1781 Washington takes Yorktown
  • 1793 Battle of Wattignies: French defeat Allied forces and lift siege of Maubeuge
  • 1795 M von Böhms "Oorlogscantate" premieres

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1813 Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria & Russia

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1829 Tremont Hotel, 1st US modern hotel opens (Boston)
  • 1834 Much of the ancient structures of the Palace of Westminster (parliament) in London is burnt down.
  • 1841 Queens University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, is chartered
  • 1843 Sir William Rowan Hamilton comes up with the idea of quaternions, a non-commutative extension of complex numbers.
  • 1846 Dentist William T Morton demonstrates effectiveness of ether

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 Charlotte Brontë's book "Jane Eyre" published

  • 1848 1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
  • 1849 Avery College establishes in Allegheny, Pennsylvania
  • 1849 British seize Tigre Island in Gulf of Fonseca from Honduras
  • 1852 Dutch government recognize Catholics right to organize

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1859 John Brown leads 21 in raid on federal arsenal, Harper's Ferry, Va

Abolitionist John Brown
John Brown
  • 1861 Confederacy starts selling postage stamps
  • 1863 Grant is given command of Union forces in West
  • 1867 Alaska adopts Gregorian calendar, crosses intl date line
  • 1869 Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
  • 1875 1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1875 Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • 1876 Race riot at Cainhoy SC (5 whites & 1 black killed)
  • 1882 The Nickel Plate Railroad opens for business.
  • 1900 Queen Wilhelmina leaves duke Heinrich "Henry" von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • 1900 Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, agreeing to maintain territorial integrity of China and support 'open door' policy called for by US Secretary of State
  • 1901 Baron Hayashi of Japan begins negotiations in London to make an alliance with the British and strengthen Japan's position against Russians
  • 1903 Homel, 1st Jewish self defense organization founded in Russia
  • 1904 Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur
  • 1905 The Partition of Bengal (India) occurred.
  • 1907 Belasco Theater opens at 111 W 44th St NYC
  • 1907 David Belasco's "Grand Army Man," premieres in NYC
  • 1913 Booth Theater opens at 222 W 44th St NYC
  • 1915 Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Margaret Sanger opens 1st birth control clinic (46 Amboy St, Bkln)

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1916 T. E. Lawrence (of Arabia) meets with Fasal Hoessein

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • 1923 John Harwood patents self-winding watch (Switzerland)
  • 1925 Peace accord of Locarno signed (Rhine Pact)
  • 1925 Texas School Board prohibits teaching of evolution
  • 1926 Mohammed Nadir Khan begins coup in Afghanistan, 1200 killed
  • 1926 Troop ship sinks in Yangtze River, killing 1,200
  • 1928 Mickey Cochrane wins AL MVP honors, edging Heinie Manush by 2 points
  • 1931 Trunk murderess Winnie Ruth Judd chops 1st

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Mao Zedong & 25,000 troops begin 6,000 mile Long March

Chinese Communist Revolutionary Mao Zedong
Chinese Communist Revolutionary
Mao Zedong
  • 1939 Sugar rationing begins in Netherlands
  • 1940 Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr named 1st black general in regular army
  • 1940 Lottery for 1st US WW II draftees held; #158 drawn 1st
  • 1940 Warsaw Ghetto is formed by German Governor-General Hans Frank
  • 1941 "Gordo" comic strip (by Gus Arriola) 1st appears in newspapers
  • 1941 Germany advances within 60 miles (96 K) of Moscow
  • 1941 Romanian Legionnaires enter Odessa, Russia
  • 1942 Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills some 40,000 south of Calcutta India
  • 1943 Anti Jewish riot in Rome
  • 1943 Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system
  • 1943 Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
  • 1943 US 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol
  • 1944 Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier
  • 1945 UN's Food & Agriculture Organization comes into existence
  • 1946 10 Nazi leaders hanged as war criminals after Nuremberg trials
  • 1948 Demonstration by Moscow Jews honoring Israeli ambassador Golda Meir

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 The first edition of C.S. Lewis' "The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe" is released in London

Author and Theologian C. S. Lewis
Author and Theologian
C. S. Lewis
  • 1951 The first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated in Rawalpindi.
  • 1952 Pakistan's 1st Test starts, v India at Delhi
  • 1952 Woolworth's at Powell & Market (San Francisco) opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Fidel Castro sentenced to 15 years (Havana)

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1957 Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visits Williamsburg Virginia
  • 1957 USAF sends 2 aluminium bullets into space
  • 1958 Benjamin Britten's "Nocturne," premieres
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1960 NL votes to admit Houston & NY to league
  • 1962 Byron R White becomes a Supreme Court Justice

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Cuban missile crisis begins as JFK becomes aware of missiles in Cuba

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 2 secret US military satellites launched from Cape Canaveral
  • 1963 NY newspaper "Mirror" last edition
  • 1964 China becomes world's 5th nuclear power
  • 1964 Harold Wilson's Labour party wins British election
  • 1964 Indians' directors vote to keep franchise in Cleveland, rejecting bids by Seattle, Oakland & Dallas
  • 1966 Joean Baez & 123 other anti-draft protestors arrested in Oakland
  • 1968 China reports removal of president Li Sjao-tji
  • 1968 Czechoslovakia & Russian "accord" rules allies Soviet forces
  • 1968 The People's Democracy (PD), formed on Oct 9, organise a march of 1,300 students from the Queen's University of Belfast to the City Hall in the centre of the city, Northern Ireland
  • 1969 Soyuz 6 returns to Earth
  • 1970 Anwar Sadat elected president of Egypt, succeeding Gamal Abdel Nasser

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Pierre Trudeau invokes the War Measures Act as a response to the October Crisis, the only peacetime use of the War Measures Act in Canadian history.

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • 1971 Amphitheater in McLaren Park is dedicated in SF
  • 1972 Creedence Clearwater Revival breaks up
  • 1972 2 members of the Offical Irish Republican Army are shot dead by the British Army in County Tyrone
  • 1972 A Protestant youth member (15) of the Ulster Defence Association, and a UDA member (26) are run over by British Army vehicles during riots in east Belfast
  • 1973 Israeli tanks under Gen Sharon move through Suez Canal
  • 1973 Kissinger & Le Duc Tho jointly awarded Nobel peace prize
  • 1973 Maynard Jackson elected 1st black mayor of Atlanta
  • 1973 Monks Heng Yo & Heng Ju, start 1000 mile SF to Seattle pilgrimage
  • 1973 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 percent
  • 1974 As' Ken Holtzman, who hasn't batted all season, belts 3rd inning home run in Game 4 & gets the win, 5-2
  • 1976 Soyuz 23 returns to Earth
  • 1978 Nobel prize for economy awarded to Herbert A Simon

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1978 Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla elected Pope John Paul II

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1980 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1981 2nd Dutch government of Van Agt resigns
  • 1981 Harvey Fierstein's "Torch Song Trilogy," premieres in NYC
  • 1982 Mt Palomar Observatory 1st to detect Halley's comet on 13th return
  • 1982 Shultz warns US will withdraw from UN if they vote to exclude Israel
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1984 Baboon heart transplanted into a 15-day-old baby girl
  • 1984 Desmond Tutu, South Afrian Anglican Archbishop, wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1985 Challenger vehicle moves to launch pad for STS 61A mission
  • 1985 Intel introduces 32-bit 80386 microcomputer chip
  • 1985 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Herbert Hauptman & Jerome Karle
  • 1986 Armand Hammer returns to US with Jewish refusenik David Goldfarb
  • 1986 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1987 175-kph winds cause blackout in London, much of southern England
  • 1987 338,500,000 shares traded on NY stock exchange (record)
  • 1987 Dow Jones for 1st time falls more than 100 pts (108.35)
  • 1987 Jessica McClure rescued 58 hrs after falling 22' into a well shaft
  • 1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1987 Great Storm of 1987: hurricane force winds to hit much of the South of England killing 23 people.
  • 1988 "Smile Jamaica" concert for Hurricane Gilbert victims held in London
  • 1989 Bikenibau Paeniu installed as premier of Tuvalu
  • 1989 Jan Syse becomes premier of Norway
  • 1990 Reds beat A's 7-0, ending Oakland's 10-game post-season winning streak
  • 1990 US forces reach 200,000 in Persian Gulf
  • 1991 George Jo Hennard, 35, kills 23 & himself & wounds 20 in Texas
  • 1991 US Supreme Court begins to hear Joseph Doherty case
  • 1991 Jharkhand Chhatra Yuva Morcha is founded at a conference in Ranchi, India.
  • 1993 General Omar al-Bashir appointed Sudan president
  • 1993 IRA bomb attack on fish & chips restaurant in Belfast, 10 killed
  • 1993 Anti-Nazi riot breaks out in Welling in Kent, after police stop protesters approaching British National Party headquarters
  • 1995 Allan Donald takes 8-71 as South Africa defeat Zimbabwe
  • 1995 Brian Lara scores 169 in Sharjah ODI versus Sri Lanka
  • 1995 Million Man March held in Washington, D.C. (over 830,000 African American men attend)
  • 1995 ODI in Sharjah WI 7-333 in 50 overs beat Sri Lanka 329 all out
  • 1996 Eighty-four people are killed and more than 180 injured as 47,000 football fans attempt to squeeze into the 36,000-seat Estadio Mateo Flores in Guatemala City.
  • 1998 Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet is arrested in London on a Spanish warrant requesting his extradition on murder charges
  • 2001 The US Coast Guard lifts a ban on liquefied natural gas (LNG) tankers entering Boston Harbor to makes deliveries to Distrigas' Everett LNG terminal that had been imposed on September 26 in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11
  • 2002 Bibliotheca Alexandrina in the Egyptian city of Alexandria, a commemoration of the Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity, is officially inaugurated.
  • 2012 Conflict in Maiduguri, Nigeria, leads to 24 militant deaths and several structures set ablaze
  • 2013 21 people are killed after a minibus hits a land mine in Nawa, Syria
  • 2013 The United States ends its 16-day government shut down and avoids default in a Bi-partisan deal in the Senate
  • 2013 49 people are killed after Lao Airlines Flight 301 crashes in the Mekong River, Laos
  • 2013 18 people are killed after Typhoon Wipha strikes Japan
  • 2014 New Zealand, Malaysia, Angola, Spain and Venezuela are elected to the United Nations Security Council