Events in History on October 18

  • 707 John VII ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1009 The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem is destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church's foundations down to bedrock
  • 1016 Danes defeat Saxons at Battle of Assandun (Ashingdon)
  • 1081 Battle of Dyrrhachium: Southern Italian Normans under Robert Guiscard defeat Byzantine Empire
  • 1267 Battle at Marienholz: Henry III, Otto II van Gelre beat Keuls archbishop Engelbert III
  • 1356 Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroys Basel in Switzerland.
  • 1386 Opening of the University of Heidelberg
  • 1534 New pursuit of French protestants
  • 1561 Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima -- Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflict
  • 1564 John Hawkins begins 2nd trip to America
  • 1572 Spanish troops attack Maastricht
  • 1622 French King Louis XIII & Huguenots sign Treaty of Montpellier
  • 1648 1st labor organization forms in North American colonies (Boston Shoemakers)
  • 1667 English fleet plunders Suriname plantations
  • 1672 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1685 French King Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes cancelling rights of French Protestants

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle signed, ending War of Austrian Succession
  • 1767 Mason Dixon line, the boundary between Maryland & Pennsylvania agreed upon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery.

  • 1776 In a bar decorated with bird tail in Elmsford, New York, a customer requests a glassful of “those cock tails” from bartender Betsy Flanagan
  • 1776 Battle of Pelham: Col John Glover & Marblehead regiment meet British Forces in Bronx
  • 1860 The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
  • 1862 Morgan's raiders capture federal garrison at Lexington, KY
  • 1863 Battle of Charlestown, WV
  • 1867 US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia having paid $7.2 million
  • 1869 Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund" premieres in Christiania (Oslo), Norway
  • 1873 1st football game between Toronto Argonauts & Hamilton Tigers
  • 1873 Columbia Princeton Rutgers & Yale set rules for collegiate football
  • 1878 Edison makes electricity available for household use
  • 1887 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "A Case of Identity" (BG)
  • 1892 1st commercial long-distance phone line opens (Chicago-NY)
  • 1898 American flag raised in Puerto Rico
  • 1900 Count Bernard von Bulow becomes Chancellor of Germany, famous for first referring to Germany's need for 'place in the sun' and global empire
  • 1901 Belgium's Louise of den Plas begins activities towards women rights
  • 1908 Belgium annexes Congo Free State
  • 1909 Comte de Lambert of France sets airplane altitude record of 300 m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 E. M. Forster publishes novel "Howards End"

Writer and Novelist E. M. Forster
Writer and Novelist
E. M. Forster
  • 1912 The Treaty of Lausanne ends the Tripolitan War between Turkey and Italy
  • 1912 The First Balkan War breaks out, with Bulgaria, Serbia, and Greece opposed to Turkey
  • 1914 Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany
  • 1915 3rd Italian offensive at Isonzo
  • 1918 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • 1918 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)
  • 1921 Biding its time, Soviet Russia agrees to independence for the Crimea
  • 1924 Notre Dame beats Army 13-7, NY Hearld Tribune dubs them (4 Horsemen)
  • 1925 -20] French Gen Sarrail bombs Damascus
  • 1925 Salt Lake City (PCL) Tony Lazzeri hits his 60th HR of the season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Frankfurter Zeitung publishes Lenin's political testament

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1929 Women are considered "Persons" under Canadian law
  • 1932 Belgium government of Renkin falls
  • 1940 Kaufman & Harts "George Washington Slept Here" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Russian spy Richard Sorge arrested in Tokyo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Hitler orders captured allied commandos to be killed

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1943 US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Eisenhower, Bradley & Montgomery confer in Brussels

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • 1945 Paul Robeson wins Spingarn Medal for singing & acting achievements
  • 1948 Operation 10 Plagues - Israeli offensive against Egyptian army
  • 1951 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1952 Date of the first Mad Magazine issue
  • 1952 Vinoo Mankad takes 13 Pakistan wkts to win 1st India-Pak clash
  • 1954 Hurricane Hazel becomes most severe to ever hit the US, killing 195 in US and Canada
  • 1954 Texas Instruments Inc. announces the first transistor radio.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Track & Field names Jesse Owens all-time track athelete

Track and Field Athlete Jesse Owens
Track and Field Athlete
Jesse Owens
  • 1955 University of California discovers anti-proton
  • 1960 In Britain, News Chronicle & Daily Mail merge and London Evening Star merges with Evening News
  • 1961 Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to communist attack

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1962 JFK meets Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs Andrei Gromyko

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 US launches Ranger 5 for lunar impact; misses Moon
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 James Watson (US), Francis Crick (UK) and Maurice Wilkins (UK) win the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work in determining the structure of DNA

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
  • 1967 Nobel prize for physics awarded to Hans A Bethe
  • 1967 Soviet Venera 4 becomes 1st probe to send data back from Venus
  • 1968 Circus Circus opens in Las Vegas
  • 1968 John Lennon & Yoko One fined £150 for marijuana possession
  • 1968 Lee Evans sets world record of 43.8 seconds in 400 meter dash
  • 1969 Federal government bans use of cyclamates artificial sweeteners
  • 1969 Jefferson Airplane's Paul Kanter arrested for marijuana possession
  • 1969 Soyuz 8 returns to Earth
  • 1970 Sachio Kinugasa begins 2,215 cons game streak for Hiroshima Carp
  • 1973 Congress authorizes bi-centennial quarter, half-dollar & dollar coin
  • 1973 Nobel prize for Economic Sciences awarded to American Wassily Leontief
  • 1974 Andre van de Louw appointed Mayor of Rotterdam
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1976 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to American William Lipscomb
  • 1977 1st Islander 0-0 tie-Kings at Nassau-25th time shutout-Resch's 15th
  • 1977 West German commandos liberate Boeing 737 with 86 hostages at Mogadishu
  • 1978 US 1st daughter Susan Ford announces engagement to Charles F Vance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini orders mass executions to stop

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 Andreas Papandreous' PASOK wins Greek elections
  • 1981 Poland General Jaruzelski elected party leader
  • 1984 Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51A mission
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1988 Israel's supreme court uphold's ban on Kahane`s Kach Party as racist
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1989 East German state/party leader Erich Honecker, resigns
  • 1989 Hungary revises its constitution after the fall of its Communist regime
  • 1989 US 62nd manned space mission STS 34 (Atlantis 5) launches into orbit
  • 1991 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1992 6.6 earthquake hits Colombia with no fatalities
  • 1992 Start of Zimbabwe's 1st Test match, v India at Harare
  • 1993 STS-58 (Columbia) launches into orbit
  • 2001 Crude Oil for November delivery falls to its lowest level since August 1999 on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX)
  • 2003 Bolivian Gas War: President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, is forced to resign and leave Bolivia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 After 8 years in exile, Benazir Bhutto returns to Pakistan. The same night, suicide attackers blow themselves up near Bhutto's convoy, killing over 100, including 20 police officers. Bhutto escapes uninjured.

Pakistani Politican Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani Politican
Benazir Bhutto
  • 2011 Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit is released by Hamas
  • 2012 Syrian military airstrikes kill 40 people in Maaret al-Numan
  • 2012 Google stock trading suspended after premature release of a quarterly report indicating a 20% drop in profits and a 9% fall in share price
  • 2013 Saudi Arabia becomes the first country to turn down a seat on the UN Security Council in protest over Syria