Events in History on October 20

  • 1097 1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch during the First Crusade
  • 1528 Treaty of Gorinchem signed between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Duke Charles of Guelders
  • 1536 King Christian III of Denmark & Norway leads reform in Catholic possessions
  • 1576 Spanish troops occupy & plunder Maastricht
  • 1587 Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League
  • 1600 Battle of Sekigahara sets Tokugawa clan as Japan's rulers (shoguns)
  • 1603 Chinese uprising in Philippines fails after 23,000 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1634 British King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax

King Charles I
Charles I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1714 Georg Ludwig von Hannover crowned as Britain's King George I

King George I
George I
  • 1740 Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary & Bohemia
  • 1751 Royal ship Duc de Bourgogne launched at Rochefort
  • 1774 American Continental Congress orders discouragement of entertainment
  • 1781 Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, was approved in Habsburg Monarchy.
  • 1786 Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in US
  • 1803 US Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase
  • 1813 Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
  • 1817 1st Mississippi "Showboat" leaves Nashville on maiden voyage
  • 1818 49th parallel forms as border between US & Canada
  • 1818 US & Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
  • 1820 Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
  • 1822 1st edition of London Sunday Times
  • 1827 Battle at Navarino: Engl/Russ/French fleet beat Turk/Egyptian fleet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833 Charles Darwin reaches river mouth of Parana

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1835 HMS Beagle leaves Galapagos Archipelago to sail to Tahiti
  • 1843 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
  • 1847 12 year old English boy William Nelman poisons his grandpa with arsenic, would become famous court case
  • 1856 Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens
  • 1862 Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname
  • 1864 US President Lincoln formally establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday
  • 1873 P T Barnum Hippodrome featuring "Greatest Show on Earth" opens (NYC)
  • 1880 Amsterdam Free University opens
  • 1883 Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed
  • 1883 Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Vor Sonnenaufgang" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1891 1st International 6 day bike race at New York's Madison Square Garden begins
  • 1898 NC Mutual & Provident Insurance Company forms
  • 1899 Battle at Talana Hill, Natal: British army vs Boers
  • 1902 The Chamber of Deputies appoints a committee to consider questions on the separation of Church and State in France
  • 1903 US wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska & Canada
  • 1904 Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; ecognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast
  • 1905 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days
  • 1905 Russian Tsar allows Polish people to speak Polish
  • 1906 Dr Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube)
  • 1908 King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium
  • 1911 Helen Hayes Theater (Folies Bergere) opens at 210 W 46th St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Norwegian Roald Amundsen sets out a race to the South Pole

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1912 Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC
  • 1918 In order to secure an armistice, Germany agrees to further concessions
  • 1920 "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in NYC
  • 1921 Germany and Allies comes to an agreements over reparation payments in a meeting at Wiensbaden
  • 1921 The French and Mustafa Kemal nationalists sign a treaty at Ankara fixing the Turko-Syrian border
  • 1922 Kennelworth in Bronx renamed Dwight Place
  • 1926 Hurricane in Cuba, kills 600
  • 1929 Bayshore Highway opens (SF)
  • 1930 British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land
  • 1931 Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP
  • 1935 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
  • 1935 Anti-fascist People's Front forms in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Communist forces end their Long March at Yan'an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence

Chinese Communist Revolutionary Mao Zedong
Chinese Communist Revolutionary
Mao Zedong
  • 1936 Carl Hubbell, 26-6, edges out Dizzy Dean, 24-13, for MVP honors in NL
  • 1936 Spanish government moves to Barcelona
  • 1939 "All the Things You Are" recorded by Tommy Dorsey Orch
  • 1939 Pope Pius XII publishes his 1st encyclical Summi pontificatus
  • 1940 Cheese rationed in Netherlands
  • 1940 Greenhouse rationing begins in Netherlands
  • 1941 Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia
  • 1942 "Durham Manifesto" calls for fundamental changes in race relations
  • 1944 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
  • 1944 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • 1944 Russian/Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • 1944 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1945 US Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens the Nuremberg Nazi war crime trials
  • 1947 Robinson Jeffer's "Medea" premieres in NYC
  • 1949 Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman US ambassador (to Denmark)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and James Lovelock give the first demonstration of gas chromatography at a meeting of the Biochemical Society. The technique is rapidly adopted by the petrochemical industry.

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin
  • 1951 The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurred in Stillwater, Oklahoma
  • 1952 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya
  • 1955 Harry Belafonte records "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song)
  • 1955 Yanks begin 16-game exhibition in Japan
  • 1956 58°F (15°C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (Antarctic record high)
  • 1956 Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft
  • 1957 Karachi A (277-0d) beat Sind A by an innings w/o losing a wkt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary

Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite
Broadcast Journalist
Walter Cronkite
  • 1959 Clark Griffith of Senators says team will not move the franchise
  • 1960 1st fully mechanized post office opened, Providence, RI
  • 1960 Ralph Houk, 41, replaces Casey Stengel as Yankee manager
  • 1962 Chinese army lands in India
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1963 Alec Douglas-Home forms British government
  • 1963 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela & 8 others on conspiracy

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1964 Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1965 Mass arrests of communists in Indonesia
  • 1967 All white federal jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers in Meridan Mississippi
  • 1967 Charlie Finley names Bob Kennedy 1st manager of Oakland A's
  • 1970 American Norman Borlaug awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1970 Zond 8 Launch (Moon Orbit & Return)
  • 1971 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is awarded Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1971 The Nepal stock exchange collapses.
  • 1971 Senator in the US Congress Edward Kennedy calls for a withdrawal of British troops from Northern Ireland and all-party negotiations to establish a United Ireland
  • 1972 Queen Juliana visits Yugoslavia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 John Betjeman is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1973 Mariette Hartley appears on Bob Newhart in "Have You Met Miss Dietz"
  • 1973 OPEC oil embargo begins
  • 1973 US president Nixon fires Watergate accuser Archibald Cox
  • 1973 Solicitor Gen Bork, AG Richardson & Deputy AG Ruckelshaus resigned
  • 1973 The Family Station Inc buys shortwave Radio Station WNYW, changes calls to WYFR & moves station from NYC to Scituate Mass
  • 1974 1st broadcast of "Derrick" on ZDF
  • 1975 Supreme Court rules teachers could spank their pupils after warning
  • 1976 70 die as Norwegian tanker Frosta collides with George Prince
  • 1977 David Mamet's "Life in the Theater" premieres in NYC
  • 1977 Hamilton Deane & John Balderstons "Dracula" premieres in NYC
  • 1978 Paul Vanden Boeynants forms Belgium government
  • 1978 Police's 1st US concert (NYC's CBGBs)
  • 1978 US dollar devalued below Dutch Ÿ2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 John F. Kennedy Library dedicated in Boston

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1981 3 members of Weather underground arrested for armored truck robbery
  • 1981 Bomb attack on Antwerp Belgium synagogue, 1 dead, 80 injured
  • 1982 Billy Martin fired as manager of Oakland A's
  • 1982 Nobel prize for economy awarded to George Stigler
  • 1982 Sri Lanka President Jayewardene re-elected
  • 1983 IBM-PC DOS Version 2.1 released
  • 1984 Cleveland Metroparks' Valley Parkway All Purpose Trails are completed
  • 1984 The Monterey Bay Aquarium opens in Monterey Bay, California.
  • 1986 Tupolev-134 crashes in Southern Africa
  • 1987 10 die as US Air Force jet crashed into a Ramada Inn near Indianapolis
  • 1987 Dow-Jones increases 102.27 pts/608,120,000 shares traded (record)
  • 1987 Subway vigilante Bernhard Goetz sentenced to 6 months in jail
  • 1988 Britain ends suspects' right to remain silent in crackdown on IRA
  • 1988 Gastineau sacks Jets, retires from football "for personal reasons"
  • 1988 Man armed with explosives blows himself up in 125 St subway station (NYC)
  • 1989 Pakistan win Sharjah Trophy over India & WI on round-robin
  • 1989 US Senate impeaches US District Judge Alcee L Hastings
  • 1990 3 members of 2 Live Crew acquitted on obsenity charges in Florida
  • 1990 Antiwar protest marches begin in 20 US cities (US-Iraq)
  • 1991 6.1-7.1 earthquake in Uttar Kashi, India, about 670 die
  • 1991 Formal opening ceremony of Intl One Mind Zen center in Crestone, Colo
  • 1992 David Houghton scores Zimbabwe's 1st Test hundred (121 v India, debut)
  • 1992 Mr Johnson surrenders Monrovia, Liberia & is exiled to Nigeria
  • 1995 STS 73 (Columbia 18) launches into orbit
  • 1995 Sri Lanka beat West Indies to win Sharjah Champions Trophy final
  • 1997 US accuses Microsoft of violating pact forcing IE browser on computers

BattleBattle of Interest

2011 The former leader of Libya, Muammar Gaddafi, and his son Moatassem Gaddafi are killed shortly after the battle of Sirte (2011) while in the custody of NTC fighters.

Libyan Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • 2013 30 people are killed by a suicide truck bomber in Hama, Syria
  • 2013 37 people are killed in a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2013 78 people are killed by cattle raiders in Jonglei, Sudan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Joko Widodo becomes President of Indonesia

President of Indonesia Joko Widodo
President of Indonesia
Joko Widodo
  • 2014 Laquan McDonald (17) is shot dead by Chicago police officer Jason Van Dyke while jaywalking, the murder caught on video footage
  • 2015 Migrants arriving in Greece top 500,00 for the year, according to the UN

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 US Vice President Joe Biden confirms he will not run for President

47th Vice President of the United States Joe Biden
47th Vice President of the United States
Joe Biden