Events in History on October 3

  • 2333 BC State of Gojoseon (Modern-day Korea) founded by Dangun Wanggeom during the reign of the Chinese Emperor Yao

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

52 BC Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar, ending the siege and battle of Alesia

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Julius Caesar

BattleBattle of Interest

42 BC First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius.

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
  • 1143 Cardinal Guido elected Pope Coelestinus II
  • 1247 Willem II of Holland elected Roman Catholic German emperor
  • 1264 Comet said to predict death of Pope Urban IV is last seen
  • 1283 Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Prince of Gwynedd, Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered
  • 1430 Jews are expelled from Eger Bohemia
  • 1569 Battle of Montcontour: Duke of Anjou beats Huguenots
  • 1574 The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen and the forces of Admiral Boisot
  • 1605 Chinese uprising on Philippines, Tondo/Quiapo massacre
  • 1657 French troops occupy Mardyke
  • 1683 The Qing Dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • 1691 English & Dutch army occupies Limerick Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1712 The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor

Folk Hero and Outlaw Rob Roy
Folk Hero and Outlaw
Rob Roy
  • 1735 France & Emperor Karel VI sign peace accord
  • 1739 The Treaty of Nissa is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian-Turkish War, 1736-1739.
  • 1778 Captain Cook anchors at Alaska
  • 1789 Washington proclaims 1st national Thanksgiving Day on Nov 26
  • 1835 Staedtler Company was founded by J.S. Staedtler in Nuremburg, Germany.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.

  • 1862 -10] Battle of Corinth, Mississippi
  • 1862 Skirmish at Bardstown, Kentucky
  • 1863 Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day
  • 1872 Bloomingdale's department store in NY opens
  • 1873 Captain Jack and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War.
  • 1890 Capt Guillaume of Kerckhoven marches into Boma Congo
  • 1899 J S Thurman patents motor-driven vacuum cleaner
  • 1900 Edward Elgar/Cardinal Newmans oratorium premieres in Birmingham
  • 1904 France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • 1904 Giants Christy Mathewson strikes out then record 16 Cards
  • 1904 Mary McLeod Bethune opens Daytona Normal & Industrial School
  • 1906 US regime names Charles Magoon, governor of Cuba
  • 1906 William Vaughan Moody's "Great Divide" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1913 Federal income tax signed into law (at 1%)
  • 1915 7.8 earthquake shakes Pleasant Valley, Nevada
  • 1918 Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
  • 1918 Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Tsar Boris III
  • 1918 Selwyn Theater opens at 229 W 42nd St NYC
  • 1919 Serbian, Croatian & Slavic parliment accord for 8 hr work day
  • 1922 1st facsimile photo send over city telephone lines, Washington, D.C.
  • 1922 Rebecca Felton of Georgia becomes 1st woman in Senate
  • 1923 Germany's Stresemann resigns
  • 1924 King Hussein of Hedzjaz abdicts throne
  • 1926 1st congress of Pan European Movement (Pan-Europese Beweging) opens in Vienna
  • 1928 French submarine "Ondine" sinks returning to Toulon, drowning 42
  • 1929 British Labour government recovers diplomatic relations with USSR
  • 1929 Julius Curtius succeeds Stresemann as German foreign minister
  • 1929 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats & Slovenes changes name to Yugoslavia
  • 1932 Iraq gains full independence from Britain, joins League of Nations
  • 1933 Gustave "Staf" de Clerq forms Flemish National Covenant
  • 1935 Italy invades Ethiopia
  • 1939 Lemmer-Urk Dike closes
  • 1940 France Vichy government proclaims end to Jewish status
  • 1940 US forms parachute troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Adolf Hitler says Russia is "broken" & would "never rise again"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 All elderly Jewish men of Kerenchug Ukraine, are killed by SS
  • 1941 Nazis blow up 6 synagoges in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 FDR forms Office of Economic Stabilization

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 Launch of 1st A-4/V-2 rocket to altitude of 53 miles (85 km)
  • 1943 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • 1943 Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland
  • 1944 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • 1944 RAF bombs West Kapelse
  • 1945 World Federation of Trade Unions forms; CIO a member
  • 1947 1st telescope lens 200" (508 cm) in diameter completed
  • 1948 Columbia University reports discovery of uranium in Belgian Congo
  • 1949 WERD, 1st black-owned radio station, opens in Atlanta
  • 1950 1st black lead (Ethel Waters) on TV (Beulah)
  • 1950 Indonesian army opens assault on Ambon, South Moluccas
  • 1952 1st British nuclear test at Monte Bello Island in Australia
  • 1954 "Father Knows Best" premieres
  • 1955 "Mickey Mouse Club" premieres
  • 1955 Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira becomes President of Brazil
  • 1955 Soviet battleship "Novorossiisk" strikes WW II mine in Baltic Sea
  • 1957 Willy Brandt elected mayor of West Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Allen Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems is ruled not obscene.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1960 Janio Quadros elected president of Brazil
  • 1960 SF's White House dept store 1st to accept BankAmericard
  • 1960 Yanks win 8-7, ending season on a 15 game win streak, & record 193 HRs
  • 1962 Wally Schirra in Sigma 7 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1963 Hurricane hits Haiti; about 5,000 die & 100,000 injured
  • 1964 Yankees clinch their 5th straight pennant, & 29th in club's history
  • 1966 Marshal Arturo da Costa e Silva elected president
  • 1967 King Boudouin inaugurates world's biggest floodgate (Antwerp)
  • 1967 William Knight sets X-15 speed rec of 7,297 KPH/4,534 MPH/Mach 6.72
  • 1968 Howard Sacklers "Great White Hope" premieres in NYC
  • 1968 Military coup overthrows President Fernando Belaúnde Terry in Peru
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 The proposed civil rights march in Derry, Northern Ireland, is banned from the area of the city centre and the Waterside area; the banning order is issued under the Public Order Act by William Craig, then Home Affairs Minister
  • 1972 Indians set a team record for lowest team batting avg .234
  • 1972 Spaceflight 71-2 launched; 1st flexible substrate photovoltaic flown
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1973 Willi Stoph succeeds Walter Ulbricht as East German party leader

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Ted Bundy victim Nancy Wilcox disappears in Salt Lake City, Utah

Serial Killer Ted Bundy
Serial Killer
Ted Bundy
  • 1974 Watergate crinimal trial begins
  • 1975 Ireland AKZO director Tiede Herrema kidnap
  • 1976 Helmuth Kohl's CDU wins German parliament election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Indira Gandhi arrested

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1978 Gold hits record $223.50 an ounce in London
  • 1980 4 dies in attack on synagogue in Paris
  • 1981 Irish Nationalist at Maze Prison near Belfast end 7-mo hunger strike
  • 1982 Cox 4 rowing record set at 12:52 for 99 miles (Geneva, Switzerland)
  • 1982 Milwaukee whips Baltimore 10-2 to win AL East championship
  • 1982 Record 11,763 start a 186 mile cross-country race near Stockholm
  • 1984 US government shuts down due to lack of agreement over passage of bills
  • 1985 21st Shuttle Mission (51J)-Atlantis 1-all-military flight launched
  • 1985 Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Pope John Paul II beatifies Titus Brandsma

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1985 South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands adopts constitution
  • 1985 Walter Polovchak becomes a "free man" upon turning 18
  • 1986 Soviet Yankee-class sub sinks off NC, 3 die
  • 1986 TASCC, a superconducting cyclotron at the Chalk River Laboratories, was officially opened.
  • 1987 Michael Pruffer of France skis 135.26 MPH at Portillo, Chile
  • 1987 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1988 26th Space Shuttle Mission, Discovery 7 returns to Earth after 4-days
  • 1988 Criterion Center Theater opens at Broadway bet 44th & 45th Sts NYC
  • 1988 Lebanese kidnappers release Mithileshwar Singh (held for 30 months)
  • 1988 WBMW-FM, Wash DC changes calls to WJFK & begins airing Howard Stern

BattleCoup d'état

1989 Panamanian Defense Force attempted coup of Manuel Noriega fails

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • 1990 Reunification of East & West Germany. West German flag raised above Brandenburg Gate on the stroke of midnight
  • 1990 Tiger Cecil Fielder becomes 11th, to hit 50 HRs (& 51st)
  • 1993 Battle at TV station Ostankino/Moscow townhall, about 25 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Boris Yeltsin declares state of emergency in Moscow

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1993 Harry Belafonte performs in Tivoli Copenhagen
  • 1993 Indians play their last game at Cleve Stadium, Chicago wins 4-0
  • 1993 Somali General Aidids arm forces kill 18 US Rangers
  • 1993 Battle of Mogadishu: In an attempt to capture officials of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid's organisation in Mogadishu, Somalia, 18 US Soldiers and about 1,000 Somalis are killed in heavy fighting.
  • 1994 Fernando Henrique Cardoso elected president of Brazil
  • 1995 1st 1st-class match at Hurstville Oval, Sydney (NSW v W Prov)
  • 1996 Thunderdome in Tampa Bay renamed Tropicana Field
  • 1997 Gordie Howie, 69, plays in 7th decade, with IHL'S Detroit Vipers
  • 1997 Japan's maglev train breaks world speed record at 280.3 mph
  • 2003 Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy is attacked by one of the shows tigers, canceling the show for good.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2008 The $700 billion bailout bill for the US financial system is signed by President George W. Bush

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2010 19th Commonwealth Games open in Delhi, India
  • 2012 34 people are killed by a series of bombings in Aleppo, Syria
  • 2013 325 people are killed after a migrant ship catches fire and shipwrecks of the coast of Lampedusa, Italy
  • 2013 13 people are killed after a passenger plane crashes in Lagos, Nigeria
  • 2014 83 million accounts are compromised after a cyber attack on JP Morgan Chase & 9 other financial institutions
  • 2015 US airstrike hits Doctors Without Borders hospital in Kunduz, Afghanistan, killing around 19
  • 2015 Flash floods on the French Riviera kill at least 19 people