Events in History on September 15

  • 608 St Boniface IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 668 Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.
  • 921 Saint Ludmila is murdered at the command of her daughter-in-law at Tetin.
  • 1514 Thomas Wolsey appointed Archbishop of York
  • 1556 Vlissingen ex-emperor Charles V returns to Spain
  • 1584 San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid finished
  • 1590 Giambattista Catagna elected as Pope Urban VII
  • 1600 Battle of Sekigahara, rise of the Tokugawa shogunate in Japan
  • 1616 First non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy
  • 1619 Prince Bethlen Gabors troops occupy Pozsony (Pressburg) Hungary
  • 1620 Mayflower departs from Plymouth England with 102 pilgrims [OS May 8]
  • 1621 Swedish troops occupy Riga
  • 1644 Giambattista Pamfili replaces Pope Urban VII as Innocent X
  • 1656 England & France sign peace treaty
  • 1683 Germantown, Pensylvania, founded by 13 immigrant families

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1707 Ferenc Rákóczi II, Prince of Transylvania and Tsar Peter the Great sign social security agreement

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1733 King Frederik Willem I divides Prussia-Brandenburg in Cantons
  • 1762 Battle of Signal Hill, the last battle of the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War.
  • 1774 Cossack Emilian Pugachev captured
  • 1776 British forces capture Kip's Bay, Manhattan, during Revolution
  • 1787 -16] Utrecht patriots flee to Amsterdam
  • 1789 US Department of Foreign Affairs, renamed Department of State
  • 1795 Cape Colony surrenders to Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1820 Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal; (see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century).
  • 1821 Act of Independence of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence from the Spanish Empire
  • 1830 First National Negro Convention begins in Philadelphia
  • 1830 First passenger to be killed by a railway train (William Huskisson, England)
  • 1830 Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool & Manchester Railway
  • 1831 The locomotive John Bull operates for the first time in New Jersey on the Camden and Amboy Railroad.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin on board reaches the Galapagos Islands

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1846 Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal
  • 1851 Saint Joseph's University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1853 First US woman ordained a minister, Antoinette Blackwell
  • 1857 Timothy Alder of NY patents a typesetting machine
  • 1862 Confederates conquer Union-weapon arsenal at Harpers Ferry WV
  • 1870 Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
  • 1873 Last German troops leave France
  • 1879 Pim Mulier forms "Haarlem Football Club"
  • 1882 British General Wolseley occupies Cairo
  • 1887 Philadelphia celebrates 100th anniversary of US Constitution
  • 1894 Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang
  • 1898 National Afro-American Council forms in Rochester NY
  • 1900 A Boer delegation issues an appeal at the Hague, Netherlands, that the major powers intervene in the war in South Africa
  • 1903 Queen Wilhelmina calls railroad strikers "criminals"
  • 1910 Boers & Afrikaners win 1st general elections in Union of South-Africa
  • 1912 War between Turkey & Montenegro breaks out in Albania
  • 1913 1st US milch goat show held, Rochester, NY
  • 1914 Battle of Aisne begins between Germans & French during WW I
  • 1914 US Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • 1916 First use of tanks in warfare, "Little Willies" at Battle of Flers-Courcelette, part of the Battle of the Somme
  • 1917 Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky's Provisional government
  • 1918 CH Chubb gives Stonehenge to the British nation
  • 1921 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Alcohol Paraclitus
  • 1921 WBZ-AM in Boston MA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Gov Walton of Oklahoma declares state of siege because of Ku Klux Klan terror

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Failed attempt on Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1928 400 kg Fournier-albums (forged postage stamps) burn in Geneva

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin while studying influenza

  • 1930 1st international bridge match is held in London. US team defeats England
  • 1931 British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
  • 1931 Philadelphia A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
  • 1935 Nuremberg Laws deprives German Jews of citizenship & makes swastika official symbol of Nazi Germany
  • 1937 WPA extends L-Taraval streetcar to SF Zoo (at Sloat Blvd)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 British PM Chamberlain visits Hitler at Berchtesgarden

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1938 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 350.2 MPH (lasts 1 day)
  • 1938 Only time brothers hit back-to-back HRs (Lloyd & Paul Waner, Pitts)
  • 1940 Luftwaffe bombs Bristol Aeroplane Company

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 PM Winston Churchill visits 11 Fighter Group, RAF

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1940 Climax of the Battle of Britain, tide turns as Luftwaffe lose 56 aircraft, RAF 28
  • 1941 Nazis kill 800 Jewish women at Shkudvil Lithuania
  • 1942 US aircraft carrier Wasp torpedoed at Guadalcanal
  • 1943 Benito Mussolini forms a rival fascist government in Italy
  • 1943 Concentration Camp Vaivara in Estonia opens
  • 1943 Concentration Camp Kauwen in Lithuania opens
  • 1944 British bombers hit Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • 1944 Russian troops free Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 1944 US 1st Infantry division pushes through to Westwall
  • 1944 US 28th Infantry division occupies Hill 555 at Roscheid
  • 1944 US troops lands on Palau & Morotai
  • 1945 A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond.
  • 1947 First four-engined jet-propelled fighter plane tested, Columbus, Oh
  • 1947 Yanks clinch pennant #15
  • 1947 RCA releases the 12AX7 miniature dual triode vacuum tube; it is still in production
  • 1947 Typhoon Kathleen hit Tone River, Saitama and Tokyo area, killing at least 1,930 and injuring 1,750..
  • 1948 F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record of 1080 kph
  • 1948 WHN-AM in NY City changes call letters to WMGM
  • 1950 During Korean conflict, UN forces land at Inchon in South Korea
  • 1950 East German premier Grotewohl pleads for German reunification
  • 1950 Longest game in Phila's Shribe Park, Phils beat Reds 8-7 in 19
  • 1950 US troop land on Wolmi-Do island off of Seoul
  • 1951 Emile Zatopek runs world record 20k (1:01:15.8)
  • 1951 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ingruentium Malorum
  • 1952 European Parliament forms in Strasbourg
  • 1952 UN turns over Eritrea to Ethiopia
  • 1957 "Bachelor Father" with John Forsythe premieres

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1957 Konrad Adenauer's CDU wins parliamentary election in West Germany

German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
German Chancellor
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1958 Commuter train crashes through drawbridge, killing 48 (Elizabethport, NJ)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Soviet Premier Khrushchev arrives in US to begin a 13-day visit

Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev
Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1962 KC A's Bill Fischer sets record of 69 1/3 innings without a walk
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Church bombed in Birmingham AL, kills 4 African-American girls
  • 1963 Alou brothers-Felipe, Matty, & Jesus-appear in SF outfield for 1 inn
  • 1963 Ben Bella elected 1st president of Algeria
  • 1964 Final edition of socialist British newspaper "Daily Herald"
  • 1965 "Lost in Space" premieres
  • 1966 First British nuclear ballistic missile submarine HMS Resolution launched
  • 1966 Dutch political party (D'66) forms
  • 1966 Gemini XI (Conrad/Gordon) returns to Earth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, responding to a sniper attack at the University of Texas at Austin, writes a letter to the United States Congress urging the enactment of gun control legislation.

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1968 Launch of Zond 5, 1st lunar fly-around with Earth reentry
  • 1968 NY Zendo (Shoboji) was opened by S Nakagawa & D S Harada
  • 1968 Probable Test flight for a manned fly-around (scooped by Apollo 8)
  • 1970 PLO leader Arafat threatens to make a cemetery of Jordan
  • 1970 Rotterdam dock strikes end
  • 1970 Officers of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) in Northern Ireland vote narrowly in favour of remaining unarmed
  • 1972 A magnitude 4.5 earthquake shakes Northern Illinois.
  • 1972 An SAS domestic flight from Gothenburg to Stockholm was hijacked and flown to Malmö-Bulltofta Airport.
  • 1973 Dutch Guilder devalued by 5%
  • 1973 Ohio State's Archie Griffith begins record 31 cons 100 yd rushing
  • 1973 Secretariat wins Marlboro Cup in world record 1:45 2/5 for 1¼ miles
  • 1973 OPEC supports price hikes and designates six Gulf countries to negotiate collectively with companies over prices; other members to negotiate individually
  • 1974 Market Square Arena in Indianapolis opens
  • 1974 Air Vietnam flight 727 is hijacked, then crashes while attempting to land with 75 on board.
  • 1975 Mike Vail extends hitting streak ton rookie-record 23 straight game
  • 1975 The French département of Corse (the entire island of Corsica) is divided into two: Haute-Corse and Corse-du-Sud.
  • 1976 Ntozake Shange's "For Colored Girls Who ...," premieres in NYC
  • 1976 Soyuz 22 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit for 8 days

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1977 US President Jimmy Carter meets with 15 record company executives

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1978 Yanks beat Boston 4-0, Guidry wins # 22, Yanks lead 2½ games
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 4th Toronto International Film Festival: "Best Boy" directed by Ira Wohl wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1981 US Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves Sandra Day O'Connor for the US Supreme Court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Pope John Paul II publishes encyclical "Laborem exercens" against capitalism/Marxism

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1981 The John Bull becomes the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world when the Smithsonian Institution operates it under its own power outside Washington, D.C.
  • 1981 Vanuatu becomes a member of the United Nations.
  • 1982 First issue of "USA Today" published by Gannett Co Inc
  • 1982 Israeli forces began pouring into west Beirut
  • 1982 Pope John Paul II receives PLO leader Yasser Arafat
  • 1983 Police officers beat Michael Stewart to death for graffiting NYC subway
  • 1983 Israel premier Begin resigns
  • 1984 Morocco Showcase opens
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 9th Toronto International Film Festival: "Places in the Heart" directed by Robert Benton wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1985 Olof Palme forms Sweden minority government
  • 1985 Senate judiciary committee begins Robert Bork confirmation hearings
  • 1986 Bomb attack in Paris, 1 dead
  • 1987 Italy sends a naval contingent to the Persian Gulf
  • 1987 Pope John Paul II arrives in Los Angeles for a two-day papal visit, and addresses U.S. entertainment leaders
  • 1988 Museum of Moving Image in London opens
  • 1989 The U.S. Congress recognizes Terry Anderson's continued captivity in Beirut.
  • 1990 Florida lottery goes over $100,000,000
  • 1990 France announce it will send 4,000 troops to Persian Gulf
  • 1990 15th Toronto International Film Festival: "Cyrano de Bergerac" directed by Jean-Paul Rappeneau wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1991 "Party Machine with Nia Peeples" final show
  • 1993 Liechtenstein prince Hans-Adam II disbands parliament
  • 1994 "Sound of Motown" premieres in Rotterdam
  • 1994 Dennis Richardson sworn in as head of St Maarten
  • 1994 Muslim fundamentalists kidnap & behead 16 citizens in Algeria
  • 1996 Bangladesh beat UAE by 104 runs to win the ACC Trophy Final
  • 1997 Edison Intl purchases Anaheim Stadium naming rights for $50M

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 Oprah Winfrey announces she will continue her show through 2000

Talk show host Oprah Winfrey
Talk show host
Oprah Winfrey
  • 1998 With the landmark merger of WorldCom and MCI Communications completed the day prior, the new MCI WorldCom opens its doors for business.
  • 1998 is registered as a domain name
  • 2001 26th Toronto International Film Festival: "Amelie" directed by Jean-Pierre Jeunet wins the People's Choice Award
  • 2007 32nd Toronto International Film Festival: "Eastern Promises" directed by David Cronenberg wins the People's Choice Award
  • 2011 The St. Thomas Assembly plant is closed permanently after decades of providing employing to the region of St. Thomas, Ontario and resulting in the loss of roughly 1,400 well-paid jobs
  • 2012 Japan announces that it will phase out nuclear energy by the 2030s
  • 2013 21 people are killed in a series of bombings in Baghdad and Shia provinces, Iraq
  • 2013 27 people are killed after a coal mine collapses in Afghanistan
  • 2013 Japan switches off its last working nuclear reactor
  • 2013 Edi Rama is elected Prime Minister of Albania
  • 2013 38th Toronto International Film Festival: "12 Years a Slave" directed by Steve McQueen wins the People's Choice Award
  • 2014 Ewa Kopacz becomes Prime Minister of Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 President Obama annouces the US will send 3,000 troops to help combat spread of the Ebola virus

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 2015 EU Migrant Crisis: Hungary seals its border with Serbia with a razor-wire fence, stranding thousands of migrants