Events in History on September 17

  • 642 Arab forces under Amr ibn al-'As conquer Alexandria and destory the library

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1156 Emperor Frederick Barbarossa issues the 'Privilegium Minus' decree, which elevated Austria to a duchy.

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1176 At the Battle of Myriokephalon the Byzantines fail to recover Anatolia from Turkish rule.
  • 1394 Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI
  • 1462 The Battle of Świecino (or Battle of Żarnowiec) is fought during Thirteen Years' War.
  • 1562 Council of Trente takes ecclesiastical canon
  • 1584 Gent surrenders to Duke of Parma
  • 1595 Pope Clemens VIII recognizes Henri IV as king of France
  • 1598 Netherland sailors discover Mauritius
  • 1631 Battle of Breitenfeld: King Gustaaf Adolf of Sweden defeats Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly.
  • 1644 French troops occupy Mainz
  • 1678 France & Spain sign Treaties of Nijmegen
  • 1683 Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is the first to report the existence of bacteria
  • 1691 Massachusetts Bay Colony granted new charter
  • 1730 Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees
  • 1737 Georg-August University opens in Göttingen
  • 1745 Edinburgh occupied by Jacobites under Charles Edward Stuart (aka the Young Pretender or Bonny Prince Charlie)
  • 1776 The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain.
  • 1778 1st treaty between the US & Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
  • 1787 Prussian troops conquer Gorinchem

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1787 US constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 William Herschel discovers Mimas, satellite of Saturn

Astronomer William Herschel
William Herschel
  • 1809 Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • 1819 First whaling ship arrives in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwins lands on Chatham in Galapagos archipelago

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
  • 1850 Great fire in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1859 Joshua Abraham Norton, English-born resident of San Francisco, proclaims himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton

MurderMurder of Interest

1859 James Donnelly is sentenced to hang for murdering Patrick Farrell, but a petition for clemency reduces his sentence to 7 years in Kingston Penitentiary

Squatter James Donnelly
James Donnelly
  • 1861 First class for escaped slaves taught by Mary Peake at Fortress Monroe Virginia (now Hampton University).
  • 1862 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War 23,110 die in first battle on Union soil
  • 1862 Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN-evacuted by Federals
  • 1862 Battle of Mumfordville, Kentucky, US Col J Wilder surrenders city
  • 1862 American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war; 78 workers killed.
  • 1863 Pope Pius IX encyclical On persecution in New Grenada
  • 1864 American Civil War: Grant approves Sheridan's plan for Shenandoah Valley Campaign
  • 1871 Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens
  • 1872 Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
  • 1873 19 students attend opening class at Ohio State University
  • 1876 Race riots in South Carolina
  • 1899 1st British troops leave Bombay for South Africa
  • 1900 Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed
  • 1900 Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
  • 1900 USA, Anthracite coal miners go out on strike for better wages until the October 25, by which time the owners are persuaded that their stand is harming President McKinley's campaign
  • 1901 Battle of Blood River Port: Boer Gen Botha beats Major Gough's cavalry
  • 1901 Battle at Elands River Port: Boer Gen Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers
  • 1902 US protests anti-semitism in Romania
  • 1903 Boston Pilgrims clinch AL pennant, beating Cleveland, 14-3
  • 1908 Thomas Selfridge becomes first fatality of powered flight
  • 1909 Denis Peyrony and Louis Capitan discover the skull of an adult male Neanderthal (La Ferrassie 1) during excavations in a rock shelter near La Ferrassie, France
  • 1911 1st transcontinental airplane flight, NY-Pasadena in 82 hrs 4 min
  • 1914 Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • 1916 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 The Red Baron [Manfred von Richthofen], WWI flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1920 Cards set a record of 12 consecutive hits in 4th (10) & 5th (2) innings
  • 1920 National Football League organizes in Canton, Ohio 12 teams pay $100 each to join American Prof Football Association
  • 1922 Radio Moscow begins transmitting (12 KWs-most powerful station)
  • 1923 Sutton Vane's "Outward Bound," premieres in London
  • 1924 Italy signs treaty of Rapallo
  • 1926 Hurricane hits Miami & Palm Beach Florida; about 450 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Charles Lindbergh visits San Francisco

  • 1928 Hurricane hits Lake Okeechobee Florida drowning 1,800-2500
  • 1929 British troops begin withdrawal from occupied Germany
  • 1931 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
  • 1934 USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switz & Portugal vote no)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina chosen 2nd President of Philippines

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • 1939 German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die
  • 1939 Poland's President Ignacy Mościck and Prime Minister Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski flee to Romania
  • 1939 Soviet Union invades Eastern Poland, taking 217,000 Poles prisoner
  • 1939 Taisto Mäki becomes the first man to run the 10,000 metres in under 30 minutes, in a time of 29:52.6
  • 1940 Nazis deprive Jews of possessions
  • 1941 World War II: A decree issued by the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch "Universal compulsory military training of the citizens of the USSR" in the face of the "Great Patriotic War"
  • 1941 The New Zealand Labour Party abolishes the death penalty (It is reintroduced by the National government in 1950 before being finally removed from the statute book in 1961)
  • 1943 Load of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station
  • 1943 World War II: The Russian city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazis.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
  • 1944 Operation Market Garden: British airborne division lands Arnhem Neth
  • 1947 James Forrestal sworn in as 1st US Secretary of Defense
  • 1949 128 die as fire guts Canadian passenger steamer Noronic in Toronto
  • 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Council meets for 1st time
  • 1951 Romanian bishop A Pacha of Timisoara sentenced to 18 years
  • 1952 "I am an American Day" & "Constitution Day" renamed "Citizenship Day"
  • 1953 1st successful separation of Siamese (conjoined) twins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 "The Lord of the Flies" by William Golding is published by Faber and Faber in London

Nobel Laureate and Novelist William Golding
Nobel Laureate and Novelist
William Golding
  • 1955 Future Hall of Famer Oriole Brooks Robinson goes 2-4 in his 1st game
  • 1956 Black students enter Clay Ky elementary school
  • 1956 Yanks clinch pennant #22 on Mantle's 50th homer of year
  • 1957 Scott Crossfield takes X-15 up for 1st powered flight
  • 1957 Thailand military coup under marshal Sarit Thanarat
  • 1957 The North East Humanists group is founded in Newcastle upon Tyne.
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 Transit 1A, 1st navigational satellite launched; failed to orbit
  • 1959 Typhoon kills 2,000 in Japan & Korea
  • 1960 Cuba nationalizes US banks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Samuel Beckett's "Happy Days," premieres in NYC

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1962 Justice Dept files 1st suit to end segregation in public schools
  • 1962 US space officials announce selection of 9 new astronauts
  • 1963 Train struck makeshift bus full of migrant workers, killing 32
  • 1967 Mount Washington cog railway train derails, kills 8 (NH)
  • 1968 Zond 5 completes circumnavigation of Moon
  • 1970 Jordan launches offensive against guerrilla army
  • 1972 BART begins passenger service in SF
  • 1972 Tanzania troops march in to Uganda
  • 1975 Rollout of 1st space shuttle orbiter Enterprise (OV-101)
  • 1976 Amnesty International receives Erasmus-prize
  • 1976 NASA publicly unveils space shuttle Enterprise in Palmdale, Calif

Music releaseAlbum Release

1976 Ringo Starr releases "Ringo's Rotogravure" album

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • 1977 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1977 Dave Kingman hits his 1st Yankee homer, Reggie hits 2 more
  • 1977 Fleetwood Mac's "Rumors" is #1 for 19th straight week
  • 1978 Begin, Sadat & Carter sign Camp David accord
  • 1979 Pietro Mennea runs world record 200 m (19.72")
  • 1980 Iraq under Saddam Hussein signs accord with Algeria
  • 1980 South Korea opposition leader Kim Dae Jung sentenced to death
  • 1980 Oak A's Rick Langford is removed with 2 outs in 9th inning ending his consecutive complete-game streak at 22
  • 1980 Iraq breaks 1975 treaty with Iran and proclaims sovereignty over Shatt al-Arab waterway
  • 1981 Fernando Valenzuela sets NL rookie record with 8th shutout of season
  • 1983 8th Toronto International Film Festival: "The Big Chill" directed by Lawrence Kasdan wins the People's Choice Award

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 Brian Mulroney sworn in as Canada's 18th Prime Minister, succeeding John Turner

18th Prime Minister of Canada Brian Mulroney
18th Prime Minister of Canada
Brian Mulroney
17th Prime Minister of Canada John Turner
17th Prime Minister of Canada
John Turner
  • 1984 Dwight Gooden ties record of 32 strikeouts in consecutive games
  • 1984 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1985 Soyuz T-14 carries 3 cosmonauts to Salyut 7 space station
  • 1986 Bomb attack in Paris, 6 killed
  • 1986 Marina Stepanova of USSR sets 400m hurdle woman's record (52.94)
  • 1986 Mets clinch NL East Championship
  • 1986 US Senate confirms William Rehnquist as 16th chief justice
  • 1987 Philadelphia celebrates 200th anniversary of Constitution

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1987 Pope John Paul II arrives in San Francisco, meets with AIDS patients, and embraces an AIDS infected child

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1988 Jeff Reardon becomes 1st to record 40 or more saves in both AL & NL
  • 1988 13th Toronto International Film Festival: "Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown" directed by Pedro Almodovar wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1989 -21] Hurricane Hugo, kills 85 in Charleston SC
  • 1989 Hurricane Hugo begins 4 day sweep through Caribbean, killing 62
  • 1990 Newspaper Guild votes 242-35 to keep NY Post publishing
  • 1990 Soviet Union & Saudi Arabia restore diplomatic ties
  • 1991 UN admits Estonia, Latvia, Lithuiania, North & South Korea, Marshall Islands & Micronesia
  • 1991 The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet.
  • 1992 Theodore (Ted) Weiss wins democratic primary for NYC congressional seat despite having died on 14th
  • 1992 Amsterdam stock exchange hits record Ÿ8.8 billion
  • 1992 House votes 280 to 128 to give FCC control of cable TV rates
  • 1993 Last Russian troops leave Poland.
  • 1994 Andy Waller out handled the ball for Mashonaland CD v Mash U24
  • 1994 19th Toronto International Film Festival: "Priest" directed by Antonia Bird wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1997 Dr Sam Sheppard's body (Fugitive) is exhumed for DNA test
  • 2001 Major trading markets in the United States, including the New York Stock Exchange and the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), reopen for the first time since September 11
  • 2002 27th Toronto International Film Festival: "Whale Rider" directed by Niki Caro wins the People's Choice Award
  • 2004 Tamil is declared the first classical language in India.
  • 2005 30th Toronto International Film Festival: "Tsotsi" directed by Gavin Hood wins the People's Choice Award
  • 2007 AOL, once the largest ISP in the U.S., officially announces plans to refocus the company as an advertising business and to relocate its corporate headquarters from Dulles, Virginia to New York, New York.
  • 2008 The IAU named another dwarf planet, Haumea
  • 2011 Occupy Wall Street movement began in Zucotti Park, New York City.
  • 2012 Panasonic suspends operations at its three factories in China
  • 2012 China dispatches 1,000 fishing boats to Senkaku Islands
  • 2012 13 people are killed in a bus accident in Jubail, Saudi Arabia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 Swedish forensic scientists find no conclusive evidence of Wikileaks founder Julian Assange's DNA in a torn condom

Wikileaks founder Julian Assange
Wikileaks founder
Julian Assange
  • 2012 United States and Japanese government officials agree to put a second missile defence system in Japan
  • 2013 6 people are killed after a train and double-decker bus collide in Ottawa, Canada
  • 2014 Voreqe Bainimarama's Fiji First Party wins the first Fijian elections since his coup in 2006
  • 2015 US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reports 2015 Northern Hemisphere summer hottest on record
  • 2016 Terror bomb in Chelsea, New York injures 29