Events in History on September 2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

44 BC Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.

Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt Cleopatra
Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt
Cleopatra

Event of interestEvent of Interest

44 BC The first of Cicero's Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the next several months.

Roman Statesman & Philosopher Cicero
Roman Statesman & Philosopher
Cicero
Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

31 BC Battle of Actium: decisive naval battle that effectively ends the Roman Republic. Octavian's forces defeat those under Mark Antony and Cleopatra">Cleopatra off the western coast of Greece.

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt Cleopatra
Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt
Cleopatra
  • 911 Viking-monarch Oleg of Kiev-Russia signs treaty with Byzantines

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1192 Sultan Saladin and King Richard the Lionheart of England sign treaty over Jerusalem, at end of the Third Crusade

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
Saladin
King Richard the Lionheart
King
Richard the Lionheart
  • 1519 1st Battle of Tehuacingo, San Salvador vs Mexico
  • 1537 King Christian III publishes "Ordinance on the Danish Church"
  • 1644 Robert Devereux's Parliamentarian infantry surrenders to Royalist forces in Battle of Lostwithiel, Cornwall, during English Civil War
  • 1649 The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
  • 1666 Great Fire of London begins at 2am in Pudding Lane, 80% of London is destroyed
  • 1686 Habsburg armies take Buda from Turks
  • 1732 Pope Clement XII renews anti-Jewish laws of Rome
  • 1752 Last Julian calendar day in Britain and British colonies (no Sept 3-Sept 13th)
  • 1789 US Treasury Department established by Congress
  • 1792 September Massacres of the French Revolution: In Paris rampaging mobs slaughter 3 Roman Catholic bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.
  • 1796 Jews of the Netherlands are emancipated
  • 1798 First bank robbery in the US: Bank of Pennsylvania robbed of $162,821 at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia
  • 1806 A side of Rossberg Peak collapses into Goldau Valley Switzerland, kills 500

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1839 Salon of Varietes opens in Amsterdam
  • 1856 Tianjing's struggle Incident in Nanjing, China.
  • 1859 Gas lighting introduced to Hawaii
  • 1859 A solar super storm affects electrical telegraph service.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 Union General William T Sherman captures and burns Atlanta during Savannah Campaign (US Civil War)

  • 1867 1st girls School opens in Haarlem, The Netherlands
  • 1870 Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies
  • 1885 In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
  • 1894 -3] Amsterdam Municipal theater opens
  • 1894 Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die
  • 1897 "McCal" magazine first published

BattleBattle of Interest

1898 Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1898 Machine gun 1st used in battle
  • 1900 Telegraph use between Germany & US begins
  • 1900 A large demonstration by Nationalists in Dublin's Phoenix Park demand that Ireland be free of British rule

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Theodore Roosevelt advises "Speak softly & carry a big stick"

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1902 "A Trip To The Moon", the first sci-fi film, released
  • 1909 King Edward VII signs South Africa Act
  • 1911 Joao Chagas forms Portuguese government
  • 1913 Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
  • 1914 -3] Gen von Hausen & countess of France regime flees to Bordeaux
  • 1914 The US Treasury Department establishes the Bureau of War Risk Insurance to provide up to $5 million worth of insurance for merchant ships and their crews
  • 1917 Deutsche Vaterlands Partei formed by admiral Tirpitz
  • 1919 Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
  • 1919 Italy agress to general voting right/proportional representation
  • 1920 W Somerset Maugham's "East of Suez" premieres in London
  • 1922 President Ebert declares "Deutschland Uber Alles" the German national anthem
  • 1924 Rudolf Friml's "Rose Marie" opens to rave reviews in NYC
  • 1926 Italy signs treaty with Yemen
  • 1929 Unilever forms by merger of Margarine Union & Lever Bros
  • 1930 1st non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hrs)
  • 1935 A hurricane slams Florida Keys killing 423

  • 1936 1st transatlantic round-trip air flight
  • 1937 US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
  • 1940 Great Smoky Mountains National Park dedicated
  • 1941 Academy copyrights Oscar statuette
  • 1942 German troops enter Stalingrad
  • 1944 Belgium's Emissie bank closes
  • 1944 Future US president George H. W. Bush bails from a burning plane during a mission in the Pacific

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1944 US leaders meet in Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independent from France (National Day)

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh

Victory in battleSurrender of Japan

1945 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of WW II (Japanese date, 1st September in US)

  • 1946 Johnny Neun replaces Bill Dickey as Yankee manager

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Jawaharlal Nehru forms government in India

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • 1949 Fire in riverfront area kills 1,700 (Chungking China)
  • 1951 Australia, NZ & US sign ANZUS-pact
  • 1952 Dr Floyd J Lewis 1st uses deep freeze technique in heart surgery
  • 1954 Hurricane Edna batters NE US, killing 20
  • 1956 Collapse of a rail bridge under a train kills 120 (India)
  • 1956 San Francisco cable line replaced by bus service
  • 1957 1st edition newspaper the Ware Time (in Suriname), 1,700 die
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1958 Hendrik Verwoerd appointed Prime Minister of South Africa
  • 1958 Minn announces $9 million bond issue to improve Metropolitan Stadium
  • 1958 National Defense Education Act was signed
  • 1958 U.S. Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan, Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew lost.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 US President Eisenhower arrives in Paris

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1960 The first election of the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration, in history of Tibet. The Tibetan community observes this date as the Democracy Day.
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Alabama Governor George Wallace prevents integration of Tuskegee High School

Politician and Segregationist George Wallace
Politician and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • 1964 Indonesian paratroopers lands in Malaysia
  • 1964 Norman Manley scores 2-consecutive holes-in-one at Del Valley, Cal
  • 1965 Treblinka trial in Dusseldorf ends
  • 1967 The Principality of Sealand is established, ruled by Prince Paddy Roy Bates.
  • 1969 Ralph Houk signs 3-year contract to manage Yankees at $65,000 a season
  • 1969 The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Center, New York.
  • 1971 Cesar Cedeno hits an inside-the-park grand slammer
  • 1971 NY's Electric Circus Club goes out of business
  • 1971 There are further Irish Republican Army bombs set off across the region, including one in Belfast which wrecked the headquarters of the Ulster Unionist Party
  • 1972 Renate Stecher runs 100m European female record (11.07 sec)
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1972 The headquarters of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in Belfast is severely damaged by an IRA bomb
  • 1973 Netherlands wins hockey world's championship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 US President Gerald Ford signs Employee Retirement Income Security Act

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1978 John McClain performs 180 outside loops in an airplane over Houston
  • 1980 John Arlott commentates on his last game, England v Australia at Lord's
  • 1981 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1983 Yitzḥak Shamir (Likud party) endorsed by Menachem Begin for Israeli PM
  • 1986 Cathy Evelyn Smith sentenced to 3 years for death of John Belushi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 Donald Trump takes out a full page NY Times ad lambasting Japan

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 1987 Kevin Bass is 1st NLer to switch hit HRs in a game twice in 1 season
  • 1987 Trial begins in Moscow for West German pilot Mathias Rust, who flew a private plane from Finland to Moscow, USSR
  • 1988 Amnesty International's Human Rights Now! tour begins in Wembley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Reverend Al Sharpton leads a civil rights march through Bensonhurst, Brooklyn

Minister and Civil Rights Activist Al Sharpton
Minister and Civil Rights Activist
Al Sharpton
  • 1990 Steve Allen, installed as a new abbot of Hartford St Zen Center, SF
  • 1991 US officially recognizes independence of Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania
  • 1992 Nicaragua struck by earthquake/floodings; 118 die
  • 1992 US dollar valued at 156.50 guilder (record)
  • 1993 Central African Republic ex-emperor Bokassa freed
  • 1993 Day of Peace in South Africa
  • 1995 Southern California begins using new area code 562
  • 1996 Soyuz TM-24, lands
  • 1996 A peace agreement is signed between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro National Liberation Front in Malacañang Palace.
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Montreal Canada on CHOM 97.7 FM and in in Toronto Canada on CILQ 107.1 FM
  • 1998 Swissair Flight 111 crashes near Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia. All 229 people on board are killed.
  • 1998 The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide
  • 2012 15 people are killed by a car bomb attack at a refugee camp in Sbeineh, Palestine
  • 2015 Earth's trees number just over 3 trillion according to study in "Nature" by Thomas Crowther of Yale University

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 US President Barack Obama becomes the first president to visit the Arctic Circle at Kotzebue, Alaska

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama