Events in History on September 3

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

36 BC In the Battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompeius, son of Pompey, thus ending Pompeian resistance to the Second Triumvirate.

Roman General Marcus Agrippa
Roman General
Marcus Agrippa
Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
  • 301 San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world's oldest republic still in existence, founded by Saint Marinus
  • 590 St Gregory I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1189 Richard the Lionheart is crowned in Westminster. 30 Jews are massacred after the coronation - Richard ordered the perpetrators be executed.

  • 1260 Battle of Ain Djaloet, Palestine defeats Mongols army
  • 1483 Utrecht surrenders to Habsburg army
  • 1543 Cardinal Beaton replaces the Earl of Arran as regent for Queen Mary of Scotland
  • 1632 Battle of Nuremberg: Duke Wallenstein beats Sweden
  • 1650 Battle of Dunbar: England vs Scotland

BattleBattle of Interest

1651 Battle of Worcester: Oliver Cromwell destroys English royalists

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1658 Richard Cromwell ("Tumbledown Dick") succeeds his father as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth
  • 1683 Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • 1697 King William's War in America ends with Treaty of Ryswick
  • 1709 1st major group of Swiss/German colonists reaches NC/SC
  • 1725 Britain, France, Hannover & Prussia sign Covenant of Hannover
  • 1731 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Friesland
  • 1752 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar, losing 11 days. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives
  • 1777 Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch's Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War
  • 1779 Earl d'Orvilliers (French/Spanish Armada) sails back to Brest
  • 1783 Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America
  • 1791 French Constitution passed by French National Assembly
  • 1798 Battle of St. George's Caye: Week long battle begins between the Spanish Empire and Great Britain off the coast of Belize
  • 1812 World's first cannery ( Donkin, Hall and Gamble) opens in London, England to supply food to the Royal Navy
  • 1826 USS Vincennes leaves NY to become 1st warship to circumnavigate globe
  • 1832 Rebellious slaves set fire to Paramaribo Suriname
  • 1833 New York Sun begins publishing (1st daily newspaper)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1838 Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery disguised as a sailor

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • 1849 California State Constitutional Convention convenes in Monterey
  • 1852 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1855 Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Sioux village, killing 100 men, women, and children.
  • 1861 Confederate forces enter Kentucky, thus ending its neutrality
  • 1864 Battle of Berryville, VA
  • 1864 US, British, French & Dutch naval officer sails Straits of Simonoseki
  • 1865 Army commander in SC orders Freedmen's Bureau to stop seizing land
  • 1874 The congress of the state of México elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of "Villa de Juárez".
  • 1878 British passenger paddle steamer Princess Alice sunk in a collision on the River Thames with the collier Bywell Castle; 645 die
  • 1882 French/Vietnamese/Chinese battle at Hanoi, 100s die
  • 1891 Cotton pickers organize union & stage strike in Texas
  • 1891 John Stephens Durham named US minister to Haiti
  • 1895 1st pro football game played, Latrobe beats Jeanette 12-0 (Penn)
  • 1900 With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa
  • 1900 Russian troops now control both sides of the Amur River on the Russo-Manchurian boundary
  • 1901 Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony
  • 1902 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Illustrious Client"
  • 1906 Philadelphia Giants win Negro Championship Cup in Philadelphia before 10,000 fans
  • 1906 Yanks win 2nd game on a forfeit over A's; 2nd forfeit win
  • 1908 James Barries "What Every Woman Knows" premieres in London
  • 1914 British expeditionary army/general Lanrezacs army attack the Marne
  • 1914 Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV
  • 1914 French troops vacate Rheims
  • 1914 Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania
  • 1914 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • 1916 Allies turned back Germans in Battle of Verdun
  • 1916 US President Wilson signs Adamson Act, providing an 8-hour day on interstate railroads, preventing a national railroad strike
  • 1917 1st night bombing of London by German aircraft
  • 1917 German troops overrun Riga, Latvia
  • 1917 Grover Cleveland Alexander pitches complete wins in a doubleheader
  • 1918 5 soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot (or Camp Logan riot); in all 19 mutineers were executed.
  • 1918 Allies forced Germans back across Hindenburg Line

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1919 President Woodrow Wilson set out on a tour of the USA to rouse public opinion behind the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1921 KPB, Communist Party of Belgium forms
  • 1923 Dorothys Donelly's "Poppy" premieres in NYC
  • 1924 Civil war breaks out in China (Gen Tsi moves to Shanghai)
  • 1924 L Stallings & M Anderson's "What Price Glory?" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 1st international handball match held
  • 1925 The airship USS Shenandoah (ZR-1) crashes in a storm near Caldwell, Ohio, killing 14, 29 survive
  • 1929 Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches all time high of 381.17, to be shortly followed by the Crash of 1929.
  • 1930 Hurricane kills 2,000, injures 4,000 (Dominican Republic)
  • 1932 Jimmie Foxx of A's hits 50th & 51st HRs to become 3rd to hit 50
  • 1933 Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union - Communism Peak (7495 m).
  • 1934 Tunisia began its move for independence
  • 1935 1st automobile to exceed 300 mph, Sir Malcolm Campbell (301.337 mph)
  • 1935 Andrew Varipapa sets bowling record of 2,652 points in 10 games
  • 1939 German submarine U-30, commanded by Oberleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp, sinks British passenger ship SS Athenia; 117 people die, among them 28 Americans
  • 1939 WWII: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada
  • 1940 39.4 cm rainfall at Sapulpa, Oklahoma (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Hitler orders invasion in England on Sept 21 (Operation Seelöwe/Sealion)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 Dutch government in exile of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • 1940 Sicherheits police bans Free masons, Rotary & Red Cross
  • 1940 US gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease
  • 1941 1st use of Zyclon-B gas in Auschwitz (on Russian prisoners of war)
  • 1943 British 8th Army lands in Southern Italy (Messina)
  • 1943 General Castellano signs cease fire treaty in Sicily

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 68th & last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1944 Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France
  • 1944 French troops liberate Lyon
  • 1944 Last transport from Westerbork to Auschwitz
  • 1944 Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Neth Domestic Arm Force
  • 1944 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • 1945 WWII: Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to the Allies
  • 1947 Philadelphia A's Bill McCahan no-hits Wash Senators, 3-0
  • 1948 W Gomulka deposed as general secretary of Polish Worker's party
  • 1949 Fire in Chiang-king, China, destroys 7,000 lives
  • 1953 European Convention on Human Rights goes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 French minister Francois Mitterrand, resigns due to colonial policy

21st President of France Francois Mitterrand
21st President of France
Francois Mitterrand
  • 1954 China begins artillery bombing on Quemoy & Amoy
  • 1954 Espionage & Sabotage Act of 1954 signed in the US, prompted by the cold war
  • 1954 Pope Pius X canonized a saint
  • 1954 The People's Liberation Army begin shelling the ROC-controlled islands of Quemoy.
  • 1954 The German U-Boat U-505 began its move from a specially constructed dock to its final site at Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry.
  • 1956 Tanks are deployed against racist demonstrators in Clinton, Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 US attorney general Robert F. Kennedy resigns

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Wilderness Act signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1964 2nd incident that year of race riots in Singapore between Chinese and Malay, 13 people killed, 106 injured
  • 1965 Curt Flood's record of 568 straight chances without an error begins
  • 1965 Garcia Godoy forms government in Dominican Republic
  • 1965 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Mysterium Fidei
  • 1965 Preparing a move to Anaheim, Angels change their name from LA to Calif
  • 1966 24th World SF Convention honors Gene Roddenberry

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1967 Nguyen Van Thieu elected President of South Vietnam under a new constitution

Vietnamese Politican Nguyen Van Thieu
Vietnamese Politican
Nguyen Van Thieu

CommunicationSweden Switches to Driving on the Right Hand Side

1967 Sweden begins driving on right-hand side of road

  • 1970 After NL record 1,117 consecutive games, Billy Williams asks to sit out
  • 1970 Bill Halley & Comets reject $30,000 for 15 date tour of Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Indonesian president Suharto visits Netherlands

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia
  • 1971 John Lennon leaves UK for NYC, never to return
  • 1971 Manlio Brosio resigns as secretary general of NATO
  • 1971 Qatar regains complete independence from Britain
  • 1971 Watergate team breaks into Daniel Ellsberg's doctor's office
  • 1971 A baby girl and an Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) soldier are killed in separate shooting incidents in Northern Ireland
  • 1973 General Walters ends term as acting director of CIA
  • 1974 US & German Democratic Republic establish diplomatic relations
  • 1975 Chartered Boeing 707 crashes in Atlas Mts of Morocco, 188 die
  • 1975 Steve Garvey begins his NL record 1,207 consecutive game streak
  • 1976 Viking 2 soft lands on Mars (Utopia), returns photos
  • 1977 Japan's Sadaharu Oh hits 756th HR to surpass Hank Aaron's total
  • 1978 Crew of Soyuz 31 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 29
  • 1978 Pope John Paul I officially installed as 263rd supreme pontiff
  • 1979 Hurricane David, a strong Atlantic storm kills over 1,000
  • 1979 Iran army conquerors Mahabad
  • 1982 Anker Jørgensen government in Denmark resigns
  • 1984 28 year old Chicagoan wins $40 million in Illinois state lottery
  • 1984 Bruce Sutter breaks NL record for saves in a season with his 38th
  • 1984 South Africa adopts constitution
  • 1985 20th Space Shuttle Mission (51-I)-Discovery 6-returns to Earth
  • 1986 Alan Ayckbourn's "Woman in Mind" premieres in London
  • 1987 Coup in Burundi suspends constitution
  • 1988 Dennis Eckersley sets A's record with his 37th save en route to 45
  • 1988 Estimated by this date 50,000 Kurdish civilians and soldiers killed by Iraq, many using chemical weapons, in aftermath of Iran-Iraq War
  • 1989 Iljushin-62 crashes down on residential area of Havana, 170 die
  • 1990 Helen Hudson sings national anthem in 26th park of year (San Diego)
  • 1994 Circulation of Neth Telegraph/News of the Day reaches 800,000
  • 1995 Soyuz TM-22, launched into orbit
  • 1995 eBay (Electronic Bay) founded by Pierre Omidyar
  • 1996 Slowinski & Gage discovers 2^1257787-1 (34th known Mersenne prime)
  • 1997 A Vietnam Airlines Tupolev TU-134 crashes on approach into Phnom Penh airport, killing 64.
  • 2004 The Beslan school massacre ends in the deaths of approximately 344 people, mostly teachers and children.
  • 2012 New Zealand announces withdrawal of its forces from Afghanistan
  • 2012 3 people are killed and 19 wounded by a car bombing in Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 2012 Typhoon Bolaven kills 48 people in North Korea
  • 2013 15 militants are killed by an Egyptian Army helicopter in Sinai Peninsula
  • 2013 Microsoft purchases Nokia for $7.2 Billion
  • 2015 Kentucky clerk in Rowan County jailed for refusing to issue marriage licences to gay couples
  • 2015 Chris the sheep breaks the world record for biggest shorn fleece 40kg (88lb) near Canberra, Australia