Scholar in History

Historical Events

  • 0030-04-07 Scholars' estimate for Jesus' crucifixion by Roman troops in Jerusalem
  • 1046-03-05 Persian scholar Naser Khosrow begins the 7 year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama
  • 1140-06-03 French scholar Peter Abelard is found guilty of heresy.
  • 1355-02-10 The St. Scholastica's Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 62 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1387-04-17 In Geoffrey Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales" the date the pilgrimage to Canterbury begins (according to scholars)

Author and Poet Geoffrey Chaucer
Author and Poet
Geoffrey Chaucer
  • 1397-04-17 Geoffrey Chaucer tells the "Canterbury Tales" for the first time at the court of English King Richard II
  • 1536-12-22 English scholar Reginald Pole appointed cardinal
  • 1593-01-27 Vatican opens 7 year trial against scholar Giordano Bruno
  • 1600-02-08 Vatican convicts scholar Giordano Bruno to death
  • 1822-09-27 French scholar Jean-François Champollion announces that he has deciphered the Rosetta stone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902-04-04 Cecil Rhodes scholarship fund forms with $10 million

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911-11-10 Andrew Carnegie forms Carnegie Corporation for scholarly and charitable works

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 179

  • 0130-09-22 Claudius Galenus, Italian physician/scholar
  • 0702-04-20 Jafar Sadiq, Muslim scholar (d. 765)
  • 0810-07-19 Imam Bukhari, Islamic scholar and compiler of Hadith, born in Bukhara, Khorasan (modern day Iran) (d. 870)
  • 1263-01-22 Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1332-05-27 Ibn Khaldūn, North African Islamic scholar, philosopher and historian (Muqaddimah), born in Tunis (d. 1406)

Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian Ibn Khaldūn
Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian
Ibn Khaldūn
  • 1459-02-01 Conrad Celtes, German scholar (d. 1508)
  • 1463-02-24 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italy, scholar/platonist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1466-10-28 Desiderius Erasmus, Dutch humanist and theologian (The Praise of Folly), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1536)

Humanist and Theologian Erasmus
Humanist and Theologian
Erasmus
  • 1484-04-23 Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italy, scholar (On the Subtlety of Things)
  • 1501-11-25 Yi Hwang, Confucian scholar (d. 1570)
  • 1509-08-03 Étienne Dolet, French scholar (d. 1546)
  • 1513-12-23 Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (d. 1577)
  • 1514-06-16 John Cheke, English classical scholar (d. 1557)
  • 1515-09-08 Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar (d. 1585)
  • 1532-12-26 Guilielmus Xylander, German classical scholar (d. 1576)
  • 1533-08-02 Theodor Zwinger, Swiss scholar (d. 1588)
  • 1536-12-26 Yi I, Korean Confucian scholar (d. 1584)
  • 1539-11-01 Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (d. 1596)
  • 1545-03-02 Thomas Bodley, England, diplomat/scholar
  • 1558-10-12 Jacques Sirmond, French scholar and Jesuit (d. 1651)
  • 1559-02-18 Isaac Casaubon, naturalized English classical scholar, theologian
  • 1576-05-27 Caspar Schoppe, German scholar (d. 1649)
  • 1580-06-09 Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (d. 1655)
  • 1582-11-27 Pierre Dupuy, French scholar (d. 1651)
  • 1584-12-16 John Selden, English jurist and oriental scholar (d. 1654)
  • 1599-08-14 Méric Casaubon, English classical scholar (d. 1671)
  • 1600-02-02 Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (d. 1653)
  • 1607-11-26 John Harvard, England, clergyman/scholar, founded Harvard Univ
  • 1610-12-18 Charles Du Fresne Du Cange, French scholar/philologist
  • 1611-09-08 Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar (d. 1671)
  • 1612-08-28 Marcus Zuerius van Boxhorn, Dutch scholar (d. 1653)
  • 1613-08-15 Gilles Ménage, French scholar (d. 1692)
  • 1620-02-15 Francois Charpentier, French scholar/archaeologist
  • 1620-12-18 Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (d. 1668)
  • 1630-11-24 Etienne Baluze, French scholar (d. 1718)
  • 1632-01-29 Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (d. 1703)
  • 1635-02-01 Marquard Gude, German archaeologist and classical scholar famous for his collection of Greek and Latin inscriptions, born in Rendsburg, Holstein (d. 1689)
  • 1636-11-11 Yen Jo-chu, Chinese scholar of Ch'ing dynasty
  • 1639-02-06 Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (d. 1691)
  • 1649-06-13 Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic (d. 1706)
  • 1651-04-06 André Dacier, French classical scholar (d. 1722)
  • 1654-01-10 Joshua Barnes, English scholar (d. 1712)
  • 1655-09-19 Jan Luyts, Netherlands, scholar/physicist/mathematician/astronomer
  • 1662-01-27 Richard Bentley, Oulton, scholar/controversialist
  • 1666-08-13 William Wotton, English scholar (d. 1727)
  • 1668-11-11 Johann Albert Fabricius, German scholar and bibliographer (d. 1736)
  • 1672-08-02 Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss scholar (d. 1733)
  • 1676-10-08 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar (d. 1764)
  • 1684-01-01 Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (d. 1748)
  • 1684-03-19 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1687-06-24 Johann Albrecht Bengel, German scholar (d. 1757)
  • 1691-04-09 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar (d. 1761)
  • 1701-08-04 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (d. 1757)
  • 1704-04-10 Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1704-06-22 John Taylor, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • 1709-09-18 Samuel Johnson, English scholar and lexicographer (A Dictionary of the English Language), born in Lichfield Staffordshire (d. 1784)
  • 1711-10-31 Laura Bassi, Italian scholar (d. 1778)
  • 1711-11-19 Michail V Lomonosov, Russian scholar/poet
  • 1716-12-25 Johann Jakob Reiske, German scholar and physician (d. 1774)
  • 1718-04-04 Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar (d. 1783)
  • 1730-03-27 Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar (d. 1786)
  • 1736-06-05 Corneille F de Nelis, Flemish scholar/bishop of Antwerp
  • 1748-04-27 Adamantios Korais, Greek humanist scholar (d. 1833)
  • 1757-02-06 Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Polish scholar and statesman. (d. 1841)
  • 1781-06-05 Christian August Lobeck, German scholar (d. 1860)
  • 1781-11-29 Andres Bello, Venezuela poet/diplomat/scholar (Silvas Americanas)
  • 1787-12-22 Rasmus Rask, Denmark, language scholar
  • 1794-04-23 Wei Yuan, Chinese scholar (d. 1856)
  • 1800-08-22 Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar (d. 1865)
  • 1810-03-27 William Hepworth Thompson, English classical scholar (d. 1886)
  • 1810-04-11 Henry Rawlinson, English scholar (d. 1895)
  • 1813-04-23 Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar (Society of Saint Vincent de Paul) (d. 1853)
  • 1815-01-18 Constantin von Tischendorf, German biblical scholar (d. 1874)
  • 1817-11-30 Theodor Mommsen, German historian and scholar (Imperial Lives, Nobel 1902), born in Garding, Duchy of Schleswig (d. 1903)
  • 1819-04-28 Ezra Abbot, American Bible scholar (d. 1884)
  • 1820-08-13 George Grove, biblical scholar/misicographer, born in London, England
  • 1823-02-28 Ernest Renan, French philosopher/historian/scholar of religion
  • 1824-02-26 Carlos Calvo, Argentine diplomat/people rights scholar (Calvo Clause)
  • 1825-07-31 William S. Clark, American senator and scholar (d. 1886)
  • 1838-07-06 Vatroslav Jagic, Croatian scholar (d. 1923)
  • 1839-01-11 Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Puerto Rico, patriot/scholar
  • 1844-05-17 Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (d. 1918)
  • 1847-12-07 Solomon Schechter, US Talmudic scholar/Jewish leader
  • 1853-09-23 Marcel Planiol, French private law scholar
  • 1853-12-06 Haraprasad Shastri, Indian academic, Sanskrit scholar, archivist and historian of Bengali literature (d. 1931)
  • 1860-03-27 Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar (d. 1924)
  • 1862-08-01 Montague Rhodes James, scholar/author/editor
  • 1863-12-13 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar
  • 1866-01-02 Prof Gilbert Murray, Australian classical scholar (d. 1957)
  • 1866-04-01 Sophonisba Breckenridge, scholar/teacher/social activist
  • 1866-06-13 Lambertus Zijl, sculptor (Trade scholarship)
  • 1870-02-20 Pieter Cornelis Boutens, Holland, mystic poet/scholar (Verzen)
  • 1870-04-20 Maulvi Abdul Haq, Father of Urdu, Pakistani scholar (d. 1961)
  • 1870-07-16 Lambert McKenna, Irish scholar (d. 1956)
  • 1870-10-18 D T Suzuki, Kanazawa Japan, Zen Buddhist scholar
  • 1871-10-09 Didak Buntić, Croatian monk and scholar.
  • 1872-04-14 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-born Islamic scholar and translator (d. 1953)
  • 1873-02-23 Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (d. 1929)
  • 1875-03-04 Alberto Vaccari, Italian jesuit/old testament scholar/interpreter
  • 1877-04-14 Daniel Plooy, Dutch new testament scholar

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 202

  • 0309-02-16 Pamphilus van Caesarea, Palestinian scholar/martyr, beheaded
  • 0709-05-25 Aldhelm, Abbot of Malmesbury, Bishop of Sherborne. English poet and scholar (b. cica 639)
  • 0804-05-19 Alcuin of York, English scholar, dies in Tours France at 69
  • 0869-02-14 Saint Cyril, Greek monk, scholar, theologian and linguist (b. 827) Called "apostle of Slavs"
  • 0870-09-01 Imam Bukhari, Islamic scholar and compiler of Hadith, dies at 60
  • 0910-12-23 Naum of Preslav, Bulgarian scholar
  • 1003-05-12 Gerbert, French scholar, dies in Rome
  • 1054-09-24 Hermannus Contractus, scholar (b. 1013)
  • 1072-09-22 Ouyang Xiu, Chinese historian and scholar-official (b. 1007)
  • 1160-05-03 Peter Lombard, Italian scholar and bishop (b. c.1100)
  • 1204-12-13 Maimonides, Jewish philosopher/talmudic scholar, dies in Cairo at 69
  • 1245-08-21 Alexander van Hales, English scholar, dies
  • 1253-10-09 Robert Grosseteste, English scientist, scholastic philosopher, theologian and Bishop of Lincoln, dies at around 78
  • 1270-04-05 Ramban Nachmanides, Talmudic scholar (Hiddushei Ha-Ramden), dies
  • 1273-12-17 Rumi, Persian poet, scholar and mystic dies aged 65 or 66
  • 1275-01-06 Raymundus of Penafort, Spanish church law scholar, dies
  • 1295-04-25 Sancho IV, the Brave, scholar/king of Castile/Leon, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1406-03-19 Ibn Khaldūn, North African Islamic scholar, philosopher and historian (Muqaddimah), dies at 73

Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian Ibn Khaldūn
Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian
Ibn Khaldūn
  • 1508-02-04 Conrad Celtes, German humanist scholar (b. 1459)
  • 1522-02-25 William Lilye, English classical scholar
  • 1524-12-20 Thomas Linacre, English scholar and physician
  • 1540-08-23 Guillaume Budé, French scholar

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1546-02-18 Martin Luther, German theologian and key figure in the Protestant Reformation, dies at 62

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1546-08-03 Étienne Dolet, French scholar and printer (b. 1509)
  • 1557-09-13 John Cheke, English classical scholar and statesman (b. 1514)
  • 1558-11-17 Reginald Pole, English cardinal/scholar/"heretic", dies at 58
  • 1565-06-12 Adrianus Turnebus, French classical scholar (b. 1512)
  • 1576-02-10 Guilielmus Xylander, German classical scholar (b. 1532)
  • 1577-08-12 Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (b. 1513)
  • 1581-11-07 Richard Davies, Welsh bishop and scholar
  • 1585-02-06 Edmund Plowden, English legal scholar (b. 1518)
  • 1585-02-13 Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar (b. 1515)
  • 1588-03-10 Theodor Zwinger, Swiss scholar (b. 1533)
  • 1591-08-23 Luis de Leon, scholar/poet, dies
  • 1596-02-17 Friedrich Sylburg, German classical scholar (b. 1536)
  • 1596-11-01 Pierre Pithou, French lawyer and scholar (b. 1539)
  • 1607-05-21 John Rainolds, English scholar (b. 1549)
  • 1612-07-29 Jacques Bongars, French scholar and diplomat (b. 1554)
  • 1612-08-04 Hugh Broughton, English scholar (b. 1549)
  • 1614-07-01 Isaac Casaubon, French-born classical scholar (b. 1559)
  • 1615-02-04 Giovanni Battista della Porta, Italian scholar, polymath and child prodogy (b. 1535)
  • 1616-10-17 John Pitts, Catholic scholar and writer. (b. 1560)

BattleExecution

1618-10-29 Walter Raleigh, English scholar, poet, historian and explorer, beheaded for treason at about 64

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Explorer
Walter Raleigh
  • 1649-03-19 Gerhard Johann Vossius, German classical scholar and theologian (b. 1577)
  • 1649-11-19 Caspar Schoppe, German scholar (b. 1576)
  • 1651-10-07 Jacques Sirmond, French Jesuit scholar (b. 1559)
  • 1651-12-14 Pierre Dupuy, French scholar (b. 1582)
  • 1653-07-10 Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (b. 1600)
  • 1654-11-30 John Selden, English jurist and oriental scholar (b. 1584)
  • 1655-02-25 Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (b. 1580)
  • 1661-11-29 Brian Walton, English clergyman and scholar (b. 1600)
  • 1668-06-20 Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (b. 1620)
  • 1671-07-14 Méric Casaubon, English classical scholar (b. 1599)
  • 1671-12-28 Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar (b. 1611)
  • 1672-04-22 Georg Stiernhielm, Swedish scholar/author/poet (Hercules), dies at 73
  • 1672-09-12 Tanneguy Lefebvre, French classical scholar (b. 1615)
  • 1689-11-26 Marquard Gude, German archaeologist and classical scholar famous for his collection of Greek and Latin inscriptions, dies at 54
  • 1691-07-30 Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (b. 1639)
  • 1692-07-23 Gilles Ménage, French scholar (b. 1613)
  • 1695-09-12 Jacob Abendana, Spanish scholar (b. 1630)
  • 1703-01-11 Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (b. 1632)
  • 1706-01-21 Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic (b. 1649)
  • 1712-08-03 Joshua Barnes, English scholar (b. 1654)
  • 1718-07-28 Etienne Baluze, French scholar (b. 1630)
  • 1719-11-26 John Hudson, British classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • 1720-08-17 Anne Lefèvre, French scholar (b. 1654)
  • 1722-09-18 André Dacier, French classical scholar (b. 1651)
  • 1723-08-17 Joseph Bingham, English scholar (b. 1668)
  • 1727-02-13 William Wotton, English scholar (b. 1666)
  • 1729-09-03 Jean Hardouin, French scholar (b. 1646)
  • 1733-06-23 Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss scholar (b. 1672)
  • 1736-04-30 Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer (b. 1668)
  • 1740-10-05 Johann Philipp Baratier, German scholar (b. 1721)
  • 1741-03-31 Pieter Burmann/Burman the Elder, Dutch classical scholar dies at 72
  • 1742-07-14 Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • 1747-12-02 Vincent Bourne, English classical scholar (b. 1695)
  • 1748-01-16 Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1684)
  • 1752-11-05 Carl Andreas Duker, German classical scholar (b. 1670)
  • 1757-01-19 Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1674)
  • 1757-03-08 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1701)
  • 1761-08-03 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar (b. 1691)
  • 1763-07-31 James Kent, Fredericksburgh NY, legal scholar (Columbia), dies
  • 1764-09-26 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar (b. 1767)
  • 1765-04-15 Michail v Lomonosov, Russian scholar/poet, dies at 53
  • 1766-04-04 John Taylor, English classical scholar (b. 1704)
  • 1766-05-05 Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (b. 1684)
  • 1766-09-13 Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (b. 1704)
  • 1767-03-20 Firmin Abauzit, French huguenot/scholar, dies at 87
  • 1776-07-07 Jeremiah Markland, English classical scholar (b. 1693)
  • 1778-02-20 Laura Bassi, Italian scholar (b. 1711)
  • 1783-09-18 Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar (b. 1718)
  • 1785-01-19 Jonathan Toup, English classical scholar and critic (b. 1713)
  • 1787-04-01 Floyer Sydenham, English classical scholar (b. 1710)
  • 1789-04-07 Peter Camper, anatomist/animal scholar, dies at 66
  • 1798-08-21 Corneille F de Nelis, Flemish scholar/bishop of Antwerp, dies at 62
  • 1807-01-12 Joan Lucaz, Dutch scholar/journalist/patriot, dies at 60
  • 1808-09-25 Richard Porson, scholar, dies
  • 1832-03-04 Jean-François Champollion, French scholar (b. 1790)
  • 1832-11-14 Rasmus Rask, Danish language scholar, dies at 44
  • 1833-04-06 Adamantios Korais, Greek humanist scholar (b. 1748)