Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler Full Name: Adolf Hitler
Nationality: Austrian born German

Profession: Dictator of Nazi Germany
Why Famous: Adolf Hitler's policies led to World War II in Europe and the Holocaust.

Hitler served in the German army in World War I and was awarded the Iron Cross for bravery twice.

After the war he became the leader of the National Socialist German Workers (Nazi) Party. As leader he attacked the Treaty of Versailles, promoted Pan-Germanism, anti-Semitism and anti-communism. His charismatic oratory backed by Nazi propaganda found a receptive audience in Germany during the Great Depression.

Appointed chancellor in 1933, Hitler quickly consolidated power. Appointing himself Führer in 1934 he soon turned Germany into a totalitarian one party dictatorship.

His first six years in power resulted in rapid economic recovery from the Great Depression, the removal of restrictions imposed on Germany after World War I and the annexation of territories that were home to millions of ethnic Germans.

Hitler's aggressive foreign policy is considered to be the primary cause of the outbreak of World War II in Europe. He directed large-scale rearmament and on September 1st, 1939 invaded Poland, resulting in British and French declarations of war on Germany.

In June 1941, Hitler ordered an invasion of the Soviet Union. By the end of 1941, German forces and the European Axis powers occupied most of Europe and North Africa. Failure to defeat the Soviet Union and the entry of the United States into the war forced Germany onto the defensive and ultimately its defeat.

With the Red Army closing in, Hitler and his long-time lover Eva Braun committed suicide on April 30th, 1945.

Hitler and the Nazi regime were responsible for the killing of an estimated 19.3 million civilians and prisoners of war. In addition, 29 million soldiers and civilians died as a result of military action in the European theatre of World War II. The number of civilians killed was unprecedented and constitutes the deadliest conflict in human history.

Born: 20th April, 1889
Star Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Gasthof zum Pommer, Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary

Died: 30th April, 1945 (aged 56)
Cause of Death: Suicide

Married Life

  • 1945-04-29 Adolf Hitler (56) marries Eva Braun (33) in the Führerbunker, Berlin

Historical Events in the Life of Adolf Hitler

  • 1915-02-12 Adolf Hitler receives the relatively common Iron Cross second class for bravery in World War I
  • 1916-10-05 Adolf Hitler is wounded in the left thigh by an exploding shell during the Battle of the Somme
  • 1918-08-04 Adolf Hitler receives the Iron Cross first class for bravery on the recommendation of his Jewish superior, Lieutenant Hugo Gutmann
  • 1919-09-12 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism
  • 1921-07-29 Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party.
  • 1921-11-04 The Sturmabteilung or SA (the "Brown Shirts") is formally formed by Adolf Hitler
  • 1922-06-24 Adolf Hitler begins a month long prison sentence for paramilitary operations; he rails against the 'Jewish sell-out' of Germany to the Bolsheviks
  • 1922-11-30 Hitler speaks to 50,000 national-socialists in Munich
  • 1923-01-13 Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime'
  • 1923-04-10 Hitler demands "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin
  • 1923-05-01 Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence
  • 1923-11-08 Hitler stages unsuccessful "Beer Hall Putsch" in Muenchen (Munich)
  • 1923-11-09 Beer Hall Putsc; Nazis fail to overthrow government, 16 die, Hitler flees
  • 1923-11-12 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to sieze power Nov 8
  • 1924-02-26 Trial against Hitler in Munich begins
  • 1924-04-01 Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but Gen Ludendorff acquitted
  • 1924-12-20 Adolf Hitler freed from jail early
  • 1925-02-27 Hitler resurrects NSDAP political party in Munich
  • 1925-07-18 Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf (original title was the catchy "Four and a Half Years (of Struggle) Against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice")
  • 1926-12-10 2nd part of Hitler's Mein Kampf published
  • 1927-03-10 Bavaria lifts ban on Hitler's speeches
  • 1928-09-28 Prussia forbids speech from Adolf Hitler
  • 1932-02-25 Austrian immigrant Adolf Hitler gets German citizenship
  • 1932-03-17 German police raid Hitler's Nazi headquarter
  • 1932-08-13 Hitler refuses President Von Hindenburg's proposal to become vice-chancellor of Germany
  • 1932-11-19 Shaft & Thyssen demand Hitler become German chancellor
  • 1933-01-29 German president Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as chancellor
  • 1933-01-30 Adolf Hitler named German Chancellor, forms government with Von Papen
  • 1933-01-31 Hitler promises parliamentary democracy
  • 1933-02-02 2 days after becoming chancellor, Adolf Hitler dissolves the Reichstag (Parliament)
  • 1933-02-10 Hitler proclaims end of Marxism
  • 1933-02-28 Adolf Hitler bans German Communist Party (KPD)
  • 1933-03-16 Hitler names Hjalmar Schacht as president of Bank of Germany
  • 1933-03-21 Hitler, Goering, Prince Ruprecht, Bruning & top army meet in Berlin
  • 1933-03-23 Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers
  • 1933-03-28 German Reichstag confers dictatorial powers on Hitler
  • 1933-03-31 German Republic gives power to Hitler
  • 1933-05-02 In Germany, Adolf Hitler bans trade unions
  • 1933-07-20 Vatican state secretary Pacelli (Pius XII) signs accord with Hitler
  • 1933-12-01 Rudolf Hess & Earnest Rohm become a minister in Hitler government
  • 1934-01-30 Hitler proclamation on German unified states
  • 1934-04-18 Hitler names Joachim von Ribbentrop ambassador for disarmament
  • 1934-06-14 Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet in Vienna
  • 1934-06-28 Hitler flies to Essen (Night of Long Knifes)
  • 1934-06-30 "Night of Long Knives" - Hitler stages bloody purge of Nazi party
  • 1934-08-02 Adolf Hitler becomes commander-in-chief of German armed forces
  • 1934-08-03 Adolf Hitler merges the offices of chancellor and president, declaring himself "Führer" (leader)
  • 1934-10-01 Adolf Hitler expands German army & navy & creates an air force, violating Treaty of Versailles
  • 1935-03-09 Adolf Hitler announces the creation of a new air force.
  • 1935-03-16 Adolf Hitler orders German rearmament in violation of The Treaty of Versailles
  • 1936-02-15 Hitler announce building of Volkswagens (the People's Car, aka the Kaefer/beetle)
  • 1936-02-26 Hitler introduces Ferdinand Porsche's "Volkswagen"
  • 1936-03-07 Hitler breaks Treaty of Versailles, sends troops to Rhineland
  • 1936-08-01 Adolf Hitler opens 11th Olympic Games in Berlin
  • 1937-11-05 Hitler informs his military leaders in a secret meeting of his intentions of going to war
  • 1938-02-04 Hitler seizes control of German army & puts Nazis in key posts
  • 1938-02-12 Austrian chancellor Schuschnigg visits Hitler in Berchtesgaden
  • 1938-09-12 Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
  • 1938-09-15 British PM Chamberlain visits Hitler at Berchtesgarden
  • 1938-09-21 Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia
  • 1938-09-26 Hitler issues ultimatum to Czech government, demanding Sudenten Land
  • 1938-09-30 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany
  • 1938-12-16 Adolf Hitler institutes the state decoration and civil order of merit, Cross of Honour of the German Mother
  • 1939-01-30 Hitler threatens the Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (Parliament)
  • 1939-03-15 Hitler occupies Bohemia & Moravia (Czechoslovakia); Slovakia independent
  • 1939-04-28 Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect
  • 1939-05-22 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini sign "Pact of Steel"
  • 1939-05-23 Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland
  • 1939-07-03 Ernst Heinkel demonstrates 800 kph (500 mph) rocket plane to Hitler
  • 1939-08-23 Molotov-Ribbentrop pact: Eastern Europe divided between Hitler & Stalin
  • 1939-09-01 Hitler orders extermination of mentally ill
  • 1939-10-06 Adolf Hitler denies he intends to go to war against France & Britain
  • 1939-10-06 Hitler announces plans to regulate Jewish problem
  • 1939-10-30 USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Hitler deports Jews
  • 1939-11-08 Failed assassination attempt on Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich
  • 1939-12-21 Hitler named Adolf Eichmann leader of "Referat IV B"
  • 1940-03-18 Benito Mussolini joins Hitler in Germany's war against France & Britain
  • 1940-05-24 Hitler affirms Gen von Rundstedts "Stopbevel"
  • 1940-06-25 Adolf Hitler views Eiffel tower & grave of Napoleon in Paris, France
  • 1940-07-02 Hitler orders invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion)
  • 1940-07-19 Hitler orders Great Britain to surrender
  • 1940-07-22 Dutch prime minister De Geer meets Hitler seeking peace talks
  • 1940-08-17 Hitler orders total blockade of Great Britain
  • 1940-09-03 Hitler orders invasion in England on Sept 21 (Operation Seelöwe/Sealion)
  • 1940-09-04 Nazi collaborator Mussert puts the fate of Netherlands in Hitler's hands
  • 1940-09-11 Hitler begins operation Seelöwe (Sealion - aborted invasion England)
  • 1940-09-23 Dutch nazi collaborator Mussert's 1st meeting with Hitler
  • 1940-10-04 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in Alps
  • 1940-10-24 Hitler meets Marshal Pétain
  • 1940-10-28 Meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Florence
  • 1940-11-19 Belgian King Leopold III visits Adolf Hitler
  • 1941-03-04 Serbian Prince Paul visits Hitler
  • 1941-03-27 Hitler signs Directive 27 (assault on Yugoslavia)
  • 1941-04-12 Vichy-France's head of government Admiral Dalarn consults with Hitler
  • 1941-04-25 Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta
  • 1941-05-02 Martin Bormann succeeds Rudolf Hess as Hitler's deputy
  • 1941-09-16 Adolf Hitler orders that for every dead German, 100 Yugoslavians should be killed
  • 1941-10-03 Adolf Hitler says Russia is "broken" & would "never rise again"
  • 1941-11-09 Hitler threatens Clemens August, Graf von Galen, Bishop of Münster
  • 1941-12-03 Hitler views Poltava, Ukraine
  • 1941-12-09 Hitler orders US ships are to be torpedoed
  • 1941-12-19 Hitler takes complete command of German Army
  • 1942-02-13 Hitler's Operation Sealion (invasion of England) cancelled
  • 1942-05-17 Dutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler
  • 1942-05-27 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered
  • 1942-06-09 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, the Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, and Hitler’s order was given to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”.
  • 1942-06-12 Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples
  • 1942-07-03 Hitler visits Field Marshal Von Bock's headquarters in Ukraine
  • 1942-07-23 Hitler's Directive #45: order to occupy Stalingrad
  • 1942-10-18 Hitler orders captured allied commandos to be killed
  • 1942-11-08 Hitler proclaims fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall
  • 1942-11-21 Hitler names fieldmarshal Erich von Manstein commander of the newly-created Army Group Don (Heeresgruppe Don)
  • 1942-11-22 Adolf Hitler orders Rommel's Africa Korps to fight to the last man
  • 1942-11-23 Col-gen Von Paul asks Hitler to surrender
  • 1942-12-10 Hitler names Anton Mussert "leader of the Dutch people"
  • 1942-12-16 Hitler orders combat against partisans in Russia & Balkan
  • 1942-12-22 World War II: Adolf Hitler signs the order to develop the V-2 rocket as a weapon.
  • 1943-01-13 Hitler declares "Total War"
  • 1943-01-24 Adolf Hitler orders German troops at Stalingrad to fight to the death
  • 1943-01-30 Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to Field Marshal
  • 1943-02-17 Adolf Hitler visits field marshal Erich von Manstein's headquarters in Zaporozje, Ukraine and stays until the 19th
  • 1943-03-13 Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight
  • 1943-03-21 Assassination attempt on Hitler fails
  • 1943-04-07 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini met for an Axis conference in Salzburg
  • 1943-08-10 Hitler watches lynching of allied pilots
  • 1943-08-16 Bulgarian Tsar Boris III visits Adolf Hitler
  • 1943-09-18 Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful)
  • 1943-12-26 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg vain with bomb to Hitlers headquarter
  • 1944-04-22 Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg
  • 1944-05-14 Gen Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler
  • 1944-05-21 Hitler begins attack on British/US "terror pilots"
  • 1944-06-07 Claus von Stauffenberg meets Hitler
  • 1944-06-17 Hitler secretly meets with von Rundstedt in Marjival Soissons
  • 1944-07-20 Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by German army officer Claus Von Stauffenberg
  • 1944-07-21 Field Marshal Günther von Kluge warns Hitler of impending collapse of front in Normandy
  • 1944-07-28 Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy
  • 1944-08-22 Adolf Hitler orders Paris to be destroyed [or 23rd]
  • 1945-01-16 Adolf Hitler moves into the Fuhrerbunker, his underground bunker
  • 1945-03-19 Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

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