Agustín de Iturbide

1st Emperor of Mexico Agustín de Iturbide Full Name: Agustín de Iturbide
Nationality: Mexican

Profession: 1st Emperor of Mexico
Why Famous: During the Mexican War of Independence, Iturbide built a successful political and military coalition that took control in Mexico City on 27 September 1821, decisively gaining Mexico independence from Spain.

After the liberation of Mexico was secured, Iturbide was proclaimed President of the Regency of Mexico in 1821. He took the throne a year later, becoming the first Emperor of Mexico, reigning from 19 May 1822 to 19 March 1823.

Although Iturbide's reign was short, it defined the political struggles before and after independence. The two ends of Mexico's political spectrum, liberals who favored populist representative government and conservatives who favored a more authoritarian monarchical regime, would each gain the upper hand at various times in the decades after Iturbide's abdication.

Another legacy Iturbide left to Mexico is the current Mexican flag, which he is credited with designing.

Born: September 27, 1783
Star Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Valladolid, Michoacán, Mexico

Died: July 19, 1824 (aged 40)
Cause of Death: Executed by firing squad

Historical Events in the Life of Agustín de Iturbide

  • 1822-07-25 General Agustin de Iturbide crowned Agustin I, 1st Emperor of Mexico

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