Full Name: Anna Atkins
Profession: Botanist and Photographer
Why Famous: Considered the first person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images in October 1843 with her first instalment of "Photographs of British Algae: Cyanotype Impressions."
Atkins was known to have had access to a camera by 1841 leading some sources to claim that Atkins was the first female photographer.
Other sources though name Constance Talbot, the wife of William Henry Fox Talbot, as the first female photographer.
Unfortunately, as no camera-based photographs by Anna Atkins or any photographs by Constance Talbot survive, the issue may never be resolved.