Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini Full Name: Benito Mussolini
Nationality: Italian

Profession: Italian Dictator
Why Famous: Founded the Italian Fascist Party and called 'Il Duce' or the leader by its members.

Mussolini went on to become Italian Prime Minister in 1922 before establishing a dictatorship until his arrest in 1943.

Sided with the Germans in World War II and was executed in 1945 by Italian partisans.

Born: July 29, 1883
Star Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Predappio, Forlì, Italy

Died: April 28, 1945 (aged 61)
Cause of Death: Shot by communist partisans

Married Life

  • 1915-12-17 Journalist Benito Mussolini marries Rachele Guidi in Treviglio Lombardy

Historical Events in the Life of Benito Mussolini

  • 1914-11-24 Benito Mussolini leaves Italy's socialist party
  • 1919-02-23 Fascist Party forms in Italy by Benito Mussolini
  • 1919-03-23 Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy
  • 1920-11-21 Mussolini's squad begins terror, 11 die in Bologna, Italy
  • 1921-05-14 Mussolini's fascists obtain 29 parliamentary seats in Italian elections
  • 1921-11-09 Partito Nazionalista Fascista formed in Italy by Mussolini
  • 1922-06-01 Over 50,000 Fascists gather for a meeting in Bologna where Mussolini warns that he will lead a full-scale revolt against a government favoring 'anti-Fascist reaction'
  • 1922-09-28 Benito Mussolini marches on Rome
  • 1922-10-26 Italian government resigns under pressure from fascists & Benito Mussolini
  • 1922-10-27 In Italy, Liberal Luigi Facta resigns in the face of threats from Mussolini that 'either the Government will be given to us or we will seize it by marching on Rome'
  • 1922-10-28 Benito Mussolini takes control of Italy's government
  • 1922-10-30 Benito Mussolini forms government in Italy
  • 1922-10-31 Benito Mussolini (Il Duce) becomes premier of Italy
  • 1922-11-24 Italian parliament gives Benito Mussolini dictatorial powers "for 1 year"
  • 1923-02-01 Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini
  • 1923-08-31 Italian troops occupy Corfu
  • 1923-08-31 Mussolini orders the Greek Government to apologize for the deaths of an Italian general and his staff on the Greco-Albanian border
  • 1924-01-24 Benito Mussolini disallows non-fascists work union
  • 1924-02-07 Benito Mussolini's Italian government exchanges diplomats with USSR
  • 1924-03-16 The free port of Fiume is formally annexed by Mussolini's fascist regime.
  • 1924-09-06 Assassination attempt on Benito Mussolini fails
  • 1924-12-31 Italian Fascist Mussolini orders the suppression of opposition newspapers
  • 1925-01-03 Benito Mussolini dissolves Italian parliament/becomes dictator
  • 1925-01-06 Mussolini forms a cabinet composed entirely of Fascists in Italy
  • 1925-11-05 Mussolini disbands Italian socialist parties
  • 1926-04-07 Mussolini is shot 3 times by Violet Gibson in Rome, only hitting him in the nose
  • 1926-10-31 Failed assassination attempt on Benito Mussolini by 15-year-old Anteo Zamboni, who was lynched on the spot.
  • 1928-03-15 Benito Mussolini modifies Italy electoral system (abolishes right to choose)
  • 1928-05-12 Benito Mussolini ends women's rights in Italy
  • 1928-08-02 Benito Mussolini signs peace treaty with Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • 1931-06-29 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical on Nun abbiamo bisogno (We do not need fascism and Mussolini)
  • 1932-10-25 Benito Mussolini promises to remain dictator for 30 years
  • 1932-11-05 Benito Mussolini frees 16,000 convicts
  • 1934-03-17 Dollfuss, Mussolini & Gombos sign Donau Pact (protocols of Rome)
  • 1935-01-07 French Foreign minister Pierre Laval and Benito Mussolini sign the Franco-Italian Agreement
  • 1935-10-02 Mussolini's Italian army attacks Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • 1936-11-01 Benito Mussolini describes alliance between Italy and Germany as an "axis"
  • 1938-07-14 Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish/African manifesto
  • 1938-09-01 Benito Mussolini cancels civil rights of Italian Jews
  • 1938-09-30 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany
  • 1939-05-22 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini sign "Pact of Steel"
  • 1939-08-08 7th Venice Film Festival opens with a United States boycott due to Benito Mussolini's Fascist Italian regime
  • 1940-03-18 Benito Mussolini joins Hitler in Germany's war against France & Britain
  • 1941-11-18 Mussolini's forces leave Abyssinia/Ethiopia
  • 1943-04-07 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini met for an Axis conference in Salzburg
  • 1943-07-25 Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on the authority of King Victor Emmanuel III
  • 1943-07-28 Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns
  • 1943-08-28 Benito Mussolini transfered from La Maddalena Sardinia to Gran Sasso
  • 1943-09-12 Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso
  • 1943-09-15 Benito Mussolini forms a rival fascist government in Italy
  • 1944-04-22 Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg
  • 1944-06-04 5th Army enters & liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies
  • 1945-04-17 Benito Mussolini flees from Salò to Milan
  • 1945-04-27 Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como)

Famous Dictators