Full Name: Ivan the Terrible [Ivan IV Vasilyevich]
Profession: Russian Tsar
Why Famous: Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547 and Tsar of All the Russias from 1547 until his death. His long reign saw the conquest of the Khanates of Kazan, Astrakhan, and Siberia, transforming Russia into a multiethnic and multiconfessional state spanning almost one thousand million acres, approximately 4,046,856 km2 (1,562,500 sq mi).
Managed countless changes in the progression from a medieval state to an empire and emerging regional power, and became the first ruler to be crowned as Tsar of All the Russians.
Biography: Ivan IV Vasilyevich of Russia was Tsar from 1547 until his death in 1584. During his reign Russia transitioned from a medieval nation-state to an empire, growing at a rate of approximately 130 square kilometers a day.
Ivan’s parents died during his childhood and Ivan was crowned Tsar at 16. The early part of his reign included military victories over the Kazan Khanate in 1552 and the Astrakhan Khanate in 1556.
However in the latter part of his reign his imperial adventuring was halted in its westward advance by the Western powers Sweden, Poland and Lithuania. This conflict became known as the Livonian War and dragged out over twenty-four years, draining Russia economically and militarily.
Ivan’s mental health suffered during this time and his violent outbursts are thought to be responsible for his daughter’s miscarriage and the death of his eldest son. (OnThisDay.com)
- 1552-10-02 Conquest of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible.
- 1570-01-02 Tsar Ivan the Terrible's march to Novgorod begins
- 1570-01-09 Tsar Ivan the Terrible kills 1,000-2,000 residents of Novgorod