Full Name: James Garfield
Profession: 20th US President
Political Party: Republican
Political Titles: Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio's 19th district
Why Famous: The 20th President of the United States (1881). His presidency lasted just 200 days, from March 4, 1881, until his death on September 19, 1881, as a result of being shot by assassin Charles J. Guiteau on July 2, 1881.
His accomplishments as President included a controversial resurgence of Presidential authority above Senatorial courtesy in executive appointments; energizing U.S. naval power; and purging corruption in the Post Office Department.
- 1858-11-11 20th US President James Garfield (26) weds Lucretia Rudolph (26) in Hiram, Ohio
- 1880-11-02 James A. Garfield (R) elected 20th US President
- 1881-03-04 James A. Garfield inaugurated as the 20th President of the United States of America
- 1881-07-02 US President James Garfield shot by Charles J. Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield died 79 days later