Full Name: José Saramago
Why Famous: Described by The Guardian newspaper as "the finest Portuguese writer of his generation". He was the 1998 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Fernanda Eberstadt of The New York Times noted he was "known almost as much for his unfaltering Communism as for his fiction".
On his passing Portugal declared two days of mourning and his funeral was attended by 20,000 people.