Full Name: Julius Caesar [Gaius Julius Caesar]
Profession: Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Why Famous: Born of a patrician family, Julius Caesar rose through the political and military ranks of Republican Rome to become Consul in 59BC, establishing control of Rome by forming the so-called First Triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus.
Appointed Governor of 4 legions he conquered Gaul greatly extending Rome's empire. In 49BC Caesar, refusing to give up his command he crossed the Rubicon and ignited civil war.
Appointed Dictator of Rome in 48BC he defeated his opponents before instigating a series of reforms, including the Roman calendar.
He was assassinated in Rome on the Ides of March by a group of conspirators including Brutus. His death led directly to the end of the Roman Republic and the establishment of the Roman Empire under Caesar's heir Augustus.
- 0052-10-03 BC Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar, ending the siege and battle of Alesia
- 0049-01-10 BC Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war.
- 0048-08-09 BC Caesar's civil war: Battle of Pharsalus - Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.
- 0048-07-10 BC Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.
- 0046-09-26 BC Julius Caesar dedicates a temple to his mythical ancestor Venus Genetrix in accordance with a vow he made at the battle of Pharsalus.
- 0046-04-06 BC Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) in the battle of Thapsus.
- 0046-01-04 BC Julius Caesar defeats Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina
- 0045-03-17 BC In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda.
- 0044-03-15 BC Julius Caesar is stabbed to death by Brutus, Cassius and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March in Rome