Full Name: Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi]
Profession: Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Why Famous: Mahatma Gandhi or Bapu (Father of the Nation), pioneered Satyagraha, resistance through mass non-violent civil disobedience, first in South Africa where he fought for the rights of Indians, and later in India as a leader in the fight for Indian independence from British rule.
- 1893-06-07 Gandhi's first act of civil disobedience.
- 1894-08-22 Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal
- 1906-09-11 Mahatma Gandhi coins the term "Satyagraha" to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
- 1910-02-26 Gandhi supports the African People's Organisations resolution to declare the Prince of Wales day of arrival in South Africa a day of mourning, in protest against the South Africa Acts disenfranchisement of Indians, Coloureds and Africans
- 1911-04-27 Indian passive resistance is suspended when Gen. J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi.
- 1912-10-02 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm
- 1913-01-02 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa.
- 1913-06-14 The South African Government pass the Immigration Act, which restricts the entry and free movement of Asians; it leads to widespread agitation and rioting by resident Indians, led by Gandhi
- 1913-10-19 At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations
- 1913-11-06 Mahatma Gandhi arrested for leading Indian miners' march in South Africa
- 1914-01-14 The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters
- 1914-01-25 An Indian mass meeting in Durban unanimously endorse the agreement between General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters
- 1914-02-10 In accordance with the understanding reached by General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, 60 passive resistance prisoners released from Pietermaritzburg Prison; 40 passive resisters released in Durban, 8 in Newcastle, 11 in Port Elizabeth
- 1914-06-26 The Indian Relief Act, passes after a protracted period of Passive Resistance led by Gandhi; it abolishes a £3 tax imposed on Indians who had not renewed their indentures and recognizes "the validity of Indian customary marriages"
- 1914-06-30 Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest after campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa
- 1914-07-18 Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance
- 1919-03-30 Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act
- 1919-04-06 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a General Strike
- 1922-03-18 British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years imprisonment for disobedience
- 1924-02-24 Mahatma Gandhi released from jail
- 1930-03-12 Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax
- 1931-03-05 Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact
- 1932-01-04 British Viceroy of India Lord Willingdon arrests Gandhi & Nehru
- 1932-09-20 Gandhi begins hunger strike against treatment of untouchables
- 1933-05-08 Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India.
- 1933-08-23 Mahatma Gandhi released from Indian jail following yet another hunger strike
- 1934-04-07 In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil disobedience
- 1939-03-03 In Mumbai (Bombay), Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest against autocratic rule in India.
- 1942-08-09 Mahatma Gandhi & 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" campaign by the All-India Congress
- 1944-05-05 Gandhi freed from prison
- 1946-06-22 Speaking at a prayer meeting in New Delhi, Gandhi calls on the South African government to stop 'hooliganism' by Whites
- 1947-01-02 Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali
- 1948-01-12 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast
- 1948-01-30 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse
- 1982-11-30 "Gandhi" directed by Richard Attenborough and starring Ben Kingsley and John Gielgud premieres in New Delhi (Best Picture 1983)