Mahatma Gandhi

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi Full Name: Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi]
Nationality: Indian

Profession: Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Why Famous: Mahatma Gandhi or Bapu (Father of the Nation), pioneered Satyagraha, resistance through mass non-violent civil disobedience, first in South Africa where he fought for the rights of Indians, and later in India as a leader in the fight for Indian independence from British rule.

Born: October 2, 1869
Star Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, India

Died: January 30, 1948 (aged 78)
Cause of Death: Assassination

Historical Events in the Life of Mahatma Gandhi

  • 1893-06-07 Gandhi's first act of civil disobedience.
  • 1894-08-22 Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal
  • 1906-09-11 Mahatma Gandhi coins the term "Satyagraha" to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
  • 1910-02-26 Gandhi supports the African People's Organisations resolution to declare the day of arrival of the Prince of Wales in South Africa as a day of mourning in protest against the South Africa Acts disenfranchisement of Indians, Coloureds and Africans in the upcoming Union of South Africa
  • 1911-04-27 Indian passive resistance is suspended when Gen. J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi.
  • 1912-10-02 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm
  • 1913-01-02 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa.
  • 1913-06-14 The South African Government pass the Immigration Act, which restricts the entry and free movement of Asians; it leads to widespread agitation and rioting by resident Indians, led by Gandhi
  • 1913-10-19 At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations
  • 1913-11-06 Mohandas K Gandhi arrested for leading Indian miners' march in South Africa
  • 1914-01-14 The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters
  • 1914-01-25 An Indian mass meeting in Durban unanimously endorse the agreement between General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters
  • 1914-02-10 In accordance with the understanding reached by General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, 60 passive resistance prisoners are released from the Pietermaritzburg Prison; 40 passive resisters are released in Durban, 8 in Newcastle and 11 in Port Elizabeth
  • 1914-06-26 The Indian Relief Act, passes after a protracted period of Passive Resistance led by Gandhi; it abolishes a £3 tax imposed on Indians who had not renewed their indentures and recognizes "the validity of Indian customary marriages"
  • 1914-06-30 Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest after campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa
  • 1914-07-18 Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance
  • 1919-03-30 Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act
  • 1919-04-06 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a General Strike
  • 1922-03-18 British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years imprisonment for disobedience
  • 1924-02-24 Mahatma Gandhi released from jail
  • 1930-03-12 Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax
  • 1931-03-05 Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact
  • 1932-01-04 British Viceroy of India Lord Willingdon arrests Gandhi & Nehru
  • 1932-09-20 Gandhi begins hunger strike against treatment of untouchables
  • 1933-05-08 Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India.
  • 1933-08-23 Mahatma Gandhi released from Indian jail following yet another hunger strike
  • 1934-04-07 In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil disobedience
  • 1939-03-03 In Mumbai (Bombay), Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest against autocratic rule in India.
  • 1942-08-09 Mahatma Gandhi & 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" campaign by the All-India Congress
  • 1944-05-05 Gandhi freed from prison
  • 1946-06-22 Speaking at a prayer meeting in New Delhi, Gandhi calls on the South African government to stop 'hooliganism' by Whites
  • 1947-01-02 Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali
  • 1948-01-12 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast
  • 1948-01-30 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse
  • 1982-11-30 "Gandhi" directed by Richard Attenborough and starring Ben Kingsley and John Gielgud premieres in New Delhi (Best Picture 1983)

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