Mikhail Gorbachev

General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev Full Name: Mikhail Gorbachev
Nationality: Russian

Profession: General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Why Famous: Seventh and last leader of the Soviet Union, having served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991, and as the country's head of state from 1988 until its dissolution in 1991.

His policies of glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) as well as summit conferences with United States President Ronald Reagan and his reorientation of Soviet strategic aims contributed to the end of the Cold War, removed the constitutional role of the Communist Party in governing the state, and inadvertently led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Born: March 2, 1931 (85 years old)
Star Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Stavropol, Russia

Married Life

  • 1953-09-25 Statesman Mikhail Gorbachev (22) weds Raisa Maximovna (21) at a Komsomol wedding ceremony

Historical Events in the Life of Mikhail Gorbachev

  • 1980-10-21 Mikhail Gorbachev elected member of Politburo
  • 1985-03-11 Mikhail Gorbachev replaces Konstantin Chernenko as Soviet leader
  • 1985-11-16 President Reagan arrives in Geneva for a summit with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1985-11-19 US President Reagan & Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for first time
  • 1986-10-11 Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev open talks at a summit in Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 1987-06-12 US President Ronald Reagan challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down" the Berlin wall
  • 1988-10-01 Mikhail Gorbachev becomes Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, effectively head of state of the Soviet Union
  • 1988-12-07 Mikhail Gorbachev cheered by Wall St crowds upon arrival in NYC
  • 1989-05-16 Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev and Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping meet in Beijing and formally end a 30-year rift
  • 1989-05-25 Mikhail Gorbachev elected Executive President in the Soviet Union
  • 1989-12-03 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and US President George H. W. Bush, declare the Cold War over
  • 1990-01-22 President Mikhail Gorbachev sends Red Troops into the Soviet republic of Azerbaijan
  • 1990-10-15 Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1990-11-26 Mikhail Gorbachev tells Iraq to get out of Kuwait
  • 1991-06-05 Mikhail Gorbachev receives his 1990 Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1991-08-19 Conservative members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union attempt to depose Mikhail Gorbachev in a coup d'├ętat
  • 1991-08-24 Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of USSR Communist Party
  • 1991-12-25 Mikhail Gorbachev formally resigns as President of USSR in a televised speech
  • 2014-11-08 Mikhail Gorbachev warns that tensions between America and Russia over Ukraine have put the world on the brink of a new Cold War

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