Full Name: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk [Mustafa Kemal]
Profession: President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Why Famous: Atatürk was instrumental in creating the modern Turkish state. A major figure in the fight for independence he became the Republics' first President and went on to reform many institutions.
Atatürk rose to prominence through the Ottoman army and successfully repelled the allied forces during the Gallipoli campaign in WWI.
After the war, Atatürk was a key figure in the country's independence movement, resisting allied attempts to impose their settlement in the Treaty of Lausanne. In 1921 he established a provisional government in Ankara and got the Caliphate abolished the next year. In 1923 Turkey was declared a Republic and Atatürk its first President.
Until his death in 1938 Atatürk sort to modenize Turkey and its institutions. Much of Turkish society was seculised, education made widely available, women's rights strengthened and the Latin alphabet adopted.
- 1923-01-29 President of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (41) weds highly-educated woman Latife Hanim
- 1925-08-05 Turkish President Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (44) divorces wife Latife Hanim after 2 years of marriage
- 1915-04-27 Counterattack launched by Turkish forces under the command of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk against allied troops
- 1919-05-19 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Black Sea coast, beginning the Turkish War of Independence
- 1919-09-04 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.
- 1921-07-16 Encouraged by the British, King Constantine of Greece launches a drive to take Asia Minor from nationalists under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
- 1923-08-13 Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as President