Napoléon Bonaparte

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte Full Name: Napoléon Bonaparte
Nationality: French

Profession: French Emperor
Why Famous: First French Emperor since 887. Expansionist ideas led to wars throughout Europe, notably against Russia and Britain.

Born: August 15, 1769
Star Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ajaccio, Corsica, France

Died: May 5, 1821 (aged 51)
Cause of Death: Officially stomach cancer, but rumours of arsenic poisoning persist (possibly emitted by wallpaper)

Married Life

  • 1796-03-09 French Leader Napoléon Bonaparte (26) marries 1st wife Joséphine de Beauharnais (32), changing her name from Rose
  • 1809-12-16 Napoleon Bonaparte divorces Empress Joséphine by French Senate
  • 1810-01-10 French church annuls marriage of Napoleon I & Empress Joséphine
  • 1810-02-11 French leader Napoleon I marries 2nd wife Marie-Louise of Austria

Historical Events in the Life of Napoléon Bonaparte

  • 1785-09-28 Napoleon Bonaparte (16) graduates from the military academy in Paris (42nd in a class of 51)
  • 1791-11-21 Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to General and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic.
  • 1796-04-13 Battle of Millesimo, Italy: Napoleon's forces defeat allied armies of Austria and of the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont.
  • 1796-04-21 Napoleon and the French defeat the Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi
  • 1796-04-28 Cease fire of Cherasco between Sardinia and Napoleon Bonaparte
  • 1796-05-10 Napoleon defeats Austria in Battle of Lodi Bridge
  • 1796-05-15 First Coalition: Napoleon enters Milan in triumph.
  • 1796-11-17 Battle of Arcole-Napoleon I's French forces beat Austrians in Italy
  • 1797-05-12 First Coalition: Napoleon I of France conquers Venice
  • 1797-06-14 Napoleon forms Ligurian Republic
  • 1798-07-01 Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria Egypt
  • 1798-07-21 Napoleon Bonaparte wins Battle of Pyramids in Egypt
  • 1798-07-23 Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt
  • 1799-01-09 British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon
  • 1799-03-06 Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa, Palestine
  • 1799-03-26 Napoleon captures Jaffa, Palestine
  • 1799-04-16 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.
  • 1799-05-22 Napoleon makes statement in support of re-establishing Jerusalem for Jews
  • 1799-07-15 The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign.
  • 1799-07-25 French-Egyptian forces under Napoleon I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
  • 1799-08-23 Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.
  • 1799-11-09 Napoleon Bonaparte becomes dictator (1st consul) of France
  • 1799-12-24 Jacobin plot against Napoleon uncovered
  • 1801-04-02 Napoleonic Wars: naval Battle of Copenhagen - The British led by Horatio Nelson destroy the Danish fleet.
  • 1801-07-16 Pope Pius VII & 1st consul Napoleon sign concord
  • 1802-01-25 Napoleon Bonaparte elected president of Italian (Cisalpine) Republic
  • 1802-08-02 Napoleon declared "Consul for Life"
  • 1802-08-07 Napoleon orders re-instatement of slavery on St Domingue (Haiti)
  • 1803-05-18 Britain declares war on France after Napoleon Bonaparte continues interfering in Italy & Switzerland
  • 1804-02-23 Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII
  • 1804-05-18 Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed Emperor of France by the French Senate
  • 1804-12-02 Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned Emperor of France in Paris
  • 1805-05-26 Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned king of Italy
  • 1805-09-30 Napoleon Bonaparte's army draws into the Rhine
  • 1805-11-11 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein - 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
  • 1806-11-21 Decree of Berlin: Emperor Napoleon I bans all trade with Britain
  • 1807-01-20 Napoleon convenes great Sanhedrin, Paris
  • 1807-02-08 Battle of Eylau ends inconclusively between Napoleon's forces and Russian Empire - 1st battle Napoleon isn't victorious
  • 1807-02-09 French Sanhedrin convened by Napoleon Bonaparte
  • 1807-06-14 Emperor Napoleon I's French Grande Armee defeats the Russian Army at the Battle of Friedland in Prussia (modern Russian Kaliningrad Oblast) ending the War of the Fourth Coalition.
  • 1807-07-09 Treaties of Tilsit signed by Napoleon I and Alexander I.
  • 1807-09-02 The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
  • 1807-11-27 The Portuguese Royal Family leaves Lisbon to escape from Napoleonic troops
  • 1808-03-23 Napoleon's brother Joseph takes the throne of Spain
  • 1808-04-17 Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships
  • 1808-05-30 Napoleon Bonaparte annexes Tuscany & gave it seats in French Senate
  • 1808-07-20 Napoleon decrees all French Jews adopt family names
  • 1808-08-17 Napoleon asks King Louis for Holland brigade towards Spain
  • 1809-01-06 Napoleonic Wars: Invasion of Cayenne, by combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces, begins
  • 1809-04-20 Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • 1809-04-22 Battle at Eckmuhl - Napoleon beats Austria Archduke Karl
  • 1809-05-21 Battle of Aspern-Essling: Austrian archduke Karl beats Napoleon
  • 1809-07-05 -6) Battle of Wagram - Napoleon beats archduke Charles
  • 1810-02-20 Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean patriot and leader of rebellion against Napoleon's forces, executed.
  • 1810-07-09 Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1810-08-09 Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.
  • 1811-10-06 French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte visits Utrecht
  • 1812-01-09 Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon
  • 1812-06-24 Napoleon Bonaparte's forces invade Russia crossing the Neman River
  • 1812-07-23 Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napoleon fights Tsar Alexander I
  • 1812-09-07 Battle at Borodino: Napoleon-Kutuzov
  • 1812-09-14 Napoleon occupies Moscow and the fires start, extinguished by the 19th
  • 1812-09-15 French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow
  • 1812-10-19 Napoleon's forces begin their retreat from Moscow
  • 1812-10-23 Failed coup against emperor Napoleon
  • 1812-10-24 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.
  • 1812-11-03 Napoleonic armies defeated at Vyazma
  • 1812-11-17 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Krasnoi during Napoleon's retreat from Moscow
  • 1812-11-29 Napoleon's Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia
  • 1812-12-14 The French Invasion of Russia, led by Napoleon, officially ends
  • 1813-08-27 Battle of Dresden; Napoleon defeats Austrians
  • 1813-10-16 Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria & Russia
  • 1814-02-10 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Champaubert, the French beat the Russians
  • 1814-02-18 The Battle of Montereau; victory of French under Napoleon Bonaparte against Austrians and Württembergers under the King of Württemberg.
  • 1814-03-07 Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne.
  • 1814-03-30 Napoleonic Wars: Sixth Coalition forces march into Paris after defeating Napoleon.
  • 1814-03-31 Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris
  • 1814-04-04 Napoleon abdicates for the first time in favour of his son.
  • 1814-04-11 Napoleon abdicates unconditionally; he is exiled to Elba
  • 1814-05-30 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition - the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • 1814-10-01 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, redrew Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814-11-01 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars.
  • 1815-02-26 Napoleon Bonaparte and his supporters leave Elba to start a 100 day re-conquest of France
  • 1815-03-20 Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule
  • 1815-06-01 Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.
  • 1815-06-16 Battle at Ligny: French army under Napoleon beats Prussia
  • 1815-06-18 Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher
  • 1815-06-22 2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)
  • 1815-07-15 Napoleon surrenders to Captain Frederick Maitland of HMS Bellerophon at Rochefort after his earlier defeat at the Battle of Waterloo
  • 1815-08-09 Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for exile on St Helena on board British ship the Northumberland
  • 1815-10-15 Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on island of St Helena to begin his exile
  • 1815-11-20 2nd Treaty of Paris: France & her allies agree France pay indemnities after Battle of Waterloo, ending Napoleonic Wars
  • 1816-02-27 Dutch regain Suriname from the French after the defeat of Napoleon
  • 1840-12-15 Napoleon Bonaparte receives a French state funeral in Paris 19 years after his death

External Biographies

Famous Suspected Poisonings