Full Name: Niccolo Machiavelli [Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli]
Profession: Humanist philosopher
Why Famous: Founder of modern political science, and more specifically political ethics. Also wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. Wrote his masterpiece, "The Prince", after the Medici had recovered power and he no longer held a position of responsibility in Florence.
- 1512-11-07 Medici's discharge Niccolo Machiavelli from Florence