Nicholas II

Tsar Nicholas II Full Name: Nicholas II [Nicholas Aleksandrovitch Romanov]
Nationality: Russian

Profession: Tsar
Why Famous: The last Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and titular King of Poland. His disastrous reign saw Imperial Russia go from being one of the foremost great powers of the world to economic and military collapse.

Born: May 18, 1868
Star Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia

Died: July 17, 1918 (aged 50)
Cause of Death: Assassination

Married Life

  • 1894-11-26 Russian emperor Nicholas II (26) weds Alexandra Feodorovna (22) at the Grand Church of the Winter Palace in St Petersburg, Russia

Historical Events in the Life of Nicholas II

  • 1891-05-11 The Otsu Scandal: While visiting Japan, Prince Nicholas (later Tsar Nicholas II) survives an assassination attempt
  • 1894-11-01 Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.
  • 1896-05-18 Khodynka Tragedy: A mass panic on Khodynka Field, Moscow, during the festivities of the coronation of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, results in the deaths of 1,389 people
  • 1896-05-26 Last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned
  • 1905-01-29 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months
  • 1905-03-03 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts
  • 1905-07-24 Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Emperor Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers
  • 1905-08-19 Russian Tsar Nicholas II installs "Imperial Duma", without legislative powers
  • 1905-10-30 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)
  • 1905-11-03 Csar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners.
  • 1906-05-02 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dismisses his moderate Prime Minister Witte and appoints Ivan Goremykin, a conservative bureaucrat
  • 1906-05-06 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia claims right to legislate by decree and restricts the power of the Duma (Russian Parliament)
  • 1907-06-16 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dissolves the Second Duma (parliament) and issues an edict that will increase representation of propertied classes while reducing that of peasants, workers and national minorities
  • 1907-11-14 The Third Duma (Parliament) meets in Russia; following Tsar Nicholas II's limiting of the franchise, a conservative majority holds sway and suppresses the radical elements
  • 1908-06-09 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Tsar Nicholas II at Reval, Russia, where the two discuss the growing power of Germany and British plans for reform in Macedonia
  • 1909-02-23 Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet
  • 1910-11-04 Russian Tsar Nicholas II visits German Emperor Wilhelm II at Potsdam; they force tentative agreements on spheres of influence in the Middle East
  • 1914-07-30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims
  • 1914-08-01 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II (WW I) of Russia in WWI
  • 1915-09-05 Tsar Nicholas II, distressed by increasing Russian losses, assumes personal command of his nation's military forces; clearly a symbolic act and devastating for his leadership
  • 1915-09-16 Tsar Nicolas II adjourns 4th Duma
  • 1917-02-26 Russian February Revolution: Tsar Nicolas II orders army to quell civil unrest in Petrograd - army mutinies [NS Mar 11]
  • 1917-03-15 Nicholas II, the last Russian Tsar abdicates and nominates his brother Grand Duke Michael to succeed him [OS Mar 2]
  • 1917-03-16 [OS Mar 3] Russian Grand Duke Michael, brother of Tsar Nicholas II declines the Russian throne
  • 1918-07-16 A Bolshevik firing squad at Ekaterinburg, Siberia, executes Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, his family and several retainers
  • 1992-06-22 Two skeletons excavated in Yekaterinburg, Russia identified as Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra
  • 1995-03-05 Graves of Tsar Nicholas II and family found in St Petersburg
  • 1998-07-17 Russia buries Tsar Nicholas II & family, 80 years after they died
  • 2008-12-05 Human remains previously found in 1991 are finally identified by Russian and American scientists as those of Tsar Nicholas II

Famous Assassinations