Full Name: Raphael [Raphael Sanzio]
Profession: Italian painter and architect
Why Famous: As a master artist of the High Renaissance, Raphael is best known for his "Madonnas" and for his large body of work in the Vatican in Rome, including one of his best known works 'The School of Athens'.
Together with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci he is one of the 'trinity' of great masters of that period.
His work falls into three periods or styles: his early years in Umbria, his four years (1504–1508) in Florence, and his final twelve years in Rome.