Full Name: Rosalind Franklin [Rosalind Elsie Franklin]
Profession: Chemist and Molecular Biologist
Why Famous: As co-discoverer of the structure of DNA and for the controversy surrounding the lack of credit given to her role in the discovery.
She provided key insights into DNA structure by capturing "Photograph 51" of the "B" form of DNA in 1952 while at King's College in London.
This work formed the basis for James Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkin's famous DNA model that resulted in their Nobel Prize in 1962.