Full Name: William Howard Taft
Profession: 27th US President
Political Party: Republican
Political Titles: United States Secretary of War, 1st Provisional Governor of Cuba, 1st Provisional Governor of Philippines, United States Solicitor General
Why Famous: The chosen successor of Theodore Roosevelt, Taft became president in 1908, having previously served as Secretary of War.
In foreign policy Taft focused primarily on East Asia and Latin America, helping to prop up governments there. Domestically he sought the reduction of trade tariffs and engaged in controversial lawsuits regarding antitrust and conservation.
Much of Taft's presidency was dedicated to dealing with conflicts between his administration and the conservative wing of the Republican Party. While him and Roosevelt had previously been close, these conflicts served to damage the men's relationship, and in 1912 Roosevelt challenged Taft for the renomination, though Taft won. Woodrow Wilson would go on to win the following presidential election.
- 1886-06-19 US President William Taft (28) weds Helen Herron (25) in Cincinnati, Ohio
- 1901-07-04 William Howard Taft, former Federal judge, is installed as first governor-general of the Philippines and declares amnesty for all insurgents who take an oath of allegiance
- 1905-07-29 US Secretary of State William Howard Taft makes secret agreement with Japanese Prime Minister Katsura agreeing to Japanese free rein in Korea in return for non-interference with the US in the Philippines
- 1908-06-16 The Republican Party convenes in Chicago where President Theodore Roosevelt picks William Howard Taft as his successor
- 1908-11-03 William Howard Taft (R) elected 27th President over William Jennings Bryan
- 1909-03-04 William Howard Taft inaugrated as 27th US President during 10" snowstorm
- 1909-08-18 Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki presents Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President Taft decides to plant near the Potomac River.
- 1909-09-27 US President Taft sets aside some 3 million acres of oil-rich public land (including Teapot Dome, Wyoming) for conservation purposes
- 1910-04-14 President Taft begins tradition of throwing out ball on opening day
- 1911-05-23 NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue dedicated by President Taft
- 1912-06-18 The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party')
- 1913-02-16 US President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico
- 1915-06-17 The League to Enforce Peace is organised at Independence Hall in Philadelphia with William Howard Taft as president; its program anticipates the League of Nations
- 1930-02-03 William Howard Taft resigns as US chief justice for health reasons