Today in Abolitionist History

Historical Events

  • 1772-06-22 Somerset v Stewart UK court case finds slavery unsupported by English common law, encourages abolitionist movement
  • 1775-04-14 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia
  • 1790-02-11 Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1831-01-01 William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal

  • 1831-01-02 Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
  • 1837-11-07 In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy shot dead (age 34) by pro-slavery mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
  • 1851-02-15 Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescuing a fugitive slave
  • 1851-11-09 Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.
  • 1864-10-13 Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
  • 1962-11-06 Saudi Arabia proclaims abolition of slavery

Famous Birthdays

  • 1720-10-19 John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist (d. 1772)
  • 1746-11-06 African-American abolitionist and clergyman Absalom Jones born into slavery in Delaware
  • 1760-03-28 Thomas Clarkson, English abolitionist (Negro Emancipation)
  • 1785-09-28 David Walker, abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), born in Wilmington, North Carolina

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1787-11-18 Sojourner Truth [Isabella Baumfree], African-American abolitionist and feminist, born in Swartekill, New York (d. 1883)

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • 1789-01-04 Benjamin Lundy, philanthropist/abolitionist
  • 1793-01-03 Lucretia Coffin Mott, US, teacher/minister/abolitionist/feminist
  • 1796-05-17 Martinus J Niewindt, bishop of Curacao (advocate for fair treatment and abolition of slavery)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1800-05-09 John Brown, American abolitionist and revolutionary, born in Torrington, Connecticut (d. 1859)

Abolitionist John Brown
Abolitionist
John Brown
  • 1802-02-11 Lydia Maria Child, US, author/abolitionist (Juvenile Miscellany)
  • 1802-06-12 Harriet Martineau, controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist (d. 1876)
  • 1802-11-09 Elijah P Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher/abolitionist
  • 1805-02-20 Angelina Grimke, reformer/abolitionist/politician/lawyer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1805-12-10 William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist publisher (The Liberator), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1879)

  • 1808-07-10 Solomon Northup, American abolitionist and author (12 Years a Slave), born Minerva, New York (or 10 Jul 1807) (d. 1863)
  • 1810-02-01 Charles Lenox Remond, Salem Mass, African American orator and abolitionist (d. 1873)
  • 1812-03-22 Stephen Pearl Andrews, American abolitionist (d. 1886)
  • 1813-04-18 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist (d. 1865)
  • 1815-12-23 Henry Highland Garnet, Maryland, minister/abolitionist/diplomat
  • 1817-10-17 Samuel Ringgold Ward, Maryland, minister/abolitionist (Fugitive Negro)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1818-02-14 Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist/lecturer/editor (exact year unknown)

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1818-08-13 Lucy Blackwell-Stone, US abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association)
  • 1819-02-22 James Russell Lowell, poet/critic/diplomat/abolitionist
  • 1823-06-08 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer in the US and Abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts(d. 1882)
  • 1826-06-06 Sarah Parker Remond, US/Italian abolitionist
  • 1832-03-17 Moncure Daniel Conway, US, abolitionist (Life of Thomas Paine)
  • 1835-03-15 John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1797-05-30 Abolitionist William Wilberforce (37) weds Barbara Spooner (25) at St Swithins Church in Walcot, Bath

Abolitionist William Wilberforce
Abolitionist
William Wilberforce

HeartWedding of Interest

1834-09-04 Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison (28) weds Helen Eliza Benson

HeartWedding of Interest

1840-05-01 Women's rights activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton (24) weds fellow abolitionist Henry Brewster Stanton (34)

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton

HeartWedding of Interest

1864-09-08 Business magnate John D. Rockefeller (25) weds abolitionist Laura Spelman (24)

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller

HeartWedding of Interest

1869-03-18 US Abolitionist Harriet Tubman marries civil war veteran Nelson Davis in Auburn NY

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman

Famous Deaths

  • 1772-10-07 John Woolman, American Quaker preacher and abolitionist (b. 1720)
  • 1813-07-06 Granville Sharp, British abolitionist (b. 1735)
  • 1830-06-28 David Walker, abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), dies at 44

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1833-07-29 William Wilberforce, English abolitionist, dies at 73

Abolitionist William Wilberforce
Abolitionist
William Wilberforce

BattleExecution

1859-12-02 John Brown, US abolitionist (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59

Abolitionist John Brown
Abolitionist
John Brown
  • 1865-11-17 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist (b. 1813)
  • 1876-01-09 Samuel Gridley Howe, American abolitionist (b. 1801)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1879-05-24 William Lloyd Garrison, abolitionist (Liberator), dies at 73

  • 1882-12-12 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer and abolitionist, dies at 59

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883-11-26 Sojourner Truth, US abolitionist/women's rights advocate, dies at 96

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • 1893-10-18 Lucy [Blackwell-]Stone, US abolitionist/feminist, dies
  • 1894-12-13 Sarah Parker Remond, US/Italian abolitionist, dies at 68
  • 1898-10-12 Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (b. 1816)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913-03-10 Harriet Tubman, abolitionist, conductor on Underground RR, dies in NY at about 93

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman