Today in Feminist History

Historical Events

  • 1792-04-01 Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1793-11-03 French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined

Playwright and Revolutionary Olympe de Gouges
Playwright and Revolutionary
Olympe de Gouges
  • 1881-02-13 The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by activist Hubertine Auclert
  • 1897-12-09 Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde in Paris.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919-12-21 J. Edgar Hoover deports anarchists/feminist Emma Goldman to Russia

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963-02-19 "The Feminine Mystique" by Betty Friedan, widely credited as the start of second-wave feminism, is published

  • 1993-12-17 Muslims in Bangladesh call for the murder of feminist Taslima Nasrin
  • 1994-07-29 200,000 Muslims demand the death of feminist writer Taslima Nasrin in Bangladesh

Famous Birthdays

  • 1651-11-12 Juana Ines de La Cruz, Mexican poet/nun/feminist (Primero Sueno)
  • 1689-05-15 Mary Wortley Montagu, English essayist, feminist, eccentric (baptism 26 May)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1748-05-07 Olympe de Gouges [Marie Gouze], French playwright and revolutionary (Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen), born in Montauban, France (d. 1793)

Playwright and Revolutionary Olympe de Gouges
Playwright and Revolutionary
Olympe de Gouges
  • 1759-04-27 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, England, writer and feminist (A Vindication of the Rights of Woman), mother of Mary Shelley, born in London (d. 1797)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1787-11-18 Sojourner Truth [Isabella Baumfree], African-American abolitionist and feminist, born in Swartekill, New York (d. 1883)

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • 1793-01-03 Lucretia Coffin Mott, American teacher/minister/abolitionist/feminist
  • 1802-06-12 Harriet Martineau, controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist and life-long feminist (d. 1876)
  • 1810-05-23 [Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli, US feminist/revolutionary (NY Tribune)
  • 1819-03-26 Louise Otto, German author/feminist
  • 1822-12-04 Frances Crabbe, England, feminist founded Anti-Vivisection Society
  • 1833-03-26 Betsy Perk, [Christina E], Dutch journalist/writer/feminist
  • 1833-08-03 Auguste Schmidt, German teacher/feminist
  • 1836-04-24 Jeltje de Bosch Kemper, Dutch feminist
  • 1837-04-21 Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1908)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1838-09-23 Victoria Woodhull, American civil rights activist (1872 presidential candidate, woman's suffrage movement), born in Homer, Ohio (d. 1927)

Civil Rights Activist Victoria Woodhull
Civil Rights Activist
Victoria Woodhull
  • 1839-09-25 [Wilhel]Mina JPR Kruseman, writer/feminist
  • 1840-01-21 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, Hastings, English Physician and feminist who was one of the first female medical students at a British university
  • 1842-03-07 Anne CAI van Diest, Belgian physician/feminist
  • 1847-09-30 Wilhelmina E Drucker, [Lensing], Dutch feminist
  • 1848-04-09 Helena Lange, German feminist
  • 1849-12-11 Ellen Key, Swedish theory/author/feminist (Courageous Woman)
  • 1860-07-03 Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American feminist, writer and lecturer for social reform, born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1935)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1860-09-06 Jane Addams, American pacifist, social worker and feminist (Nobel 1931), born in Cedarville, Illinois (d. 1935)

Social Worker and Nobel Laureate Jane Addams
Social Worker and Nobel Laureate
Jane Addams
  • 1864-01-24 Marguerite Durand, French feminist leader (d. 1936)
  • 1865-07-02 Lili Braun, Prussia, feminist/socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen)
  • 1867-01-08 Emily Green Balch, American sociologist/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1946)
  • 1868-09-09 Mary Austin, Ill, feminist/nature writer (Land of Little Rain)
  • 1869-11-13 Helene Stöcker, German feminist, pacifist and publicist (d. 1943)
  • 1869-11-13 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian feminist (d. 1962)
  • 1876-08-14 Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist and poet (Una Donna), born in Alessandria, Italy (d. 1960)
  • 1879-05-19 Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor, US/Eng's feminist/ex of Waldorf Astor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1879-09-14 Margaret Sanger, American nurse, birth control proponent and feminist, born in Corning, New York (d. 1966)

  • 1882-05-05 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist
  • 1884-06-17 Christina C Bakker-van Bosse, feminist/pacifist
  • 1884-12-06 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), born in Sawin, Poland (d. 1972)
  • 1885-08-17 Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann, German anarchists/feminist (Wife & society)
  • 1892-02-22 Edna St Vincent Millay, poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1950)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908-01-09 Simone de Beauvoir, French author and feminist (The Mandarins, The Second Sex), born in Paris, France (d. 1986)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1921-02-04 Betty Friedan, American feminist and writer (Feminine Mystique), born in Peoria, Illinois (d. 2006)

  • 1924-06-18 Liesbeth den Uyl-van Vessem, feminist/wife of Joop den Uyl
  • 1926-08-24 Nancy Spero, American feminist artist, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2009)
  • 1928-10-16 Mary Daly, American feminist
  • 1929-05-16 Adrienne Cecile Rich, Balt Md, feminist writer (Diamond Cutters), (d. 2012)
  • 1931-09-22 Fay Weldon, British feminist
  • 1933-08-27 Joke Smit, Dutch feminist
  • 1934-02-18 Audre Lorde, American writer, feminist and activist (Black Unicorn), born in NYC, New York (d. 1992)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934-03-25 Gloria Steinem, American feminist and publisher (Ms Magazine), born in Toledo, Ohio

Journalist Gloria Steinem
Journalist
Gloria Steinem
  • 1934-09-14 Kate Millett, American feminist and author (Sexual Politics), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2017)
  • 1935-02-15 Susan Brownmiller, feminist author (Against Our Wills), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1938-11-09 Ti-Grace Atkinson, American feminist author
  • 1939-01-29 Germaine Greer, Australian feminist/author (Female Eunich), born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1939-01-30 Eleanor Smeal, feminist/pres (NOW)
  • 1941-07-03 Gloria Allred, American feminist and civil rights attorney, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1945-03-10 Elizabeth Brumfiel, [Elizabeth Stern], American feminist archaeologist, former president of the American Anthropological Association
  • 1945-08-02 Jewell Jackson McCabe, American feminist and social and political activist who led the National Coalition of 100 Black Women movement in the 1970s, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1945-10-19 Patricia Ireland, feminist/president (National Organization of Women)
  • 1946-07-28 Fahmida Riaz, Pakistani writer and feminist, born in Meerut, India
  • 1946-09-26 Andrea Dworkin, American radical feminist, born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 2005)
  • 1947-05-14 Karin Struck, German feminist writer, born in Groß Kiesow
  • 1954-01-25 Kim Gandy, American feminist
  • 1962-11-12 Naomi Wolf, American author and feminist
  • 1974-10-17 Ariel Levy, American feminist writer

Famous Weddings

  • 1816-12-30 English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (24) marries 2nd wife writer "Frankenstein" Mary Godwin (19) and daughter of early feminist writer Mary Wollstonecraft

HeartWedding of Interest

2000-09-03 American feminist and journalist Gloria Steinem (66) weds environmentalist David Bale (59) in Adair County, Oklahoma

Journalist Gloria Steinem
Journalist
Gloria Steinem

Famous Deaths


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1793-11-03 Olympe de Gouges [Marie Gouze], French playwright and revolutionary (Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen), executed by guillotine at 45

Playwright and Revolutionary Olympe de Gouges
Playwright and Revolutionary
Olympe de Gouges
  • 1850-07-19 [Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli, US feminist/revolutionary, dies
  • 1893-10-18 Lucy [Blackwell-]Stone, US abolitionist/feminist, dies
  • 1895-03-06 Camilla Collett, Norwegian writer and feminist (b. 1813)
  • 1902-06-10 Auguste Schmidt, German teacher/feminist, dies at 68

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902-10-26 Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American women's rights activist, dies of heart failure at 86

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • 1906-03-30 Betsy Perk, [Christina E], journalist/writer/feminist, dies at 73
  • 1909-05-05 Pauline Staegeman, German feminist, dies
  • 1912-01-07 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, English Physician and Feminist, dies at 71
  • 1916-02-06 Anne C A I van Diest, Belgian physician/feminist, dies at 73
  • 1916-02-16 Jeltje de Bosch Kemper, Dutch feminist, dies at 79
  • 1919-02-21 Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and feminist, only woman awarded Medal of Honor (US Civil War), dies at 86
  • 1922-02-15 Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann, German/Dutch anarchist/feminist, dies at 36
  • 1922-08-02 [Wilhel]Mina JPR Kruseman, Dutch author/feminist, dies at 82
  • 1925-12-05 Wilhelmina E Drucker, [Lensing], Dutch feminist, dies at 78
  • 1926-04-25 Ellen K S Key, Swedish author/feminist (Century of the Child), dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1928-06-14 Emmeline Pankhurst, British suffragette who formed the Women's Social & Political Union (1903), dies at 69

Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst
Suffragette
Emmeline Pankhurst
  • 1929-08-10 Aletta Henriette Jacobs, 1st Dutch female doctor and feminist, dies at 75
  • 1930-05-13 Helena Lange, German feminist, dies
  • 1933-06-20 Clara Zetkin, German feminist/communist, dies
  • 1935-08-17 Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American feminist, writer and lecturer for social reform, dies at 75
  • 1936-03-16 Marguerite Durand, French journalist and feminist (b. 1864)
  • 1940-05-14 Emma Goldman, US anarchists/feminist/author (Living My Life), dies
  • 1950-10-19 Edna St Vincent Millay, American poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize), dies at 58
  • 1953-06-16 Margaret Bondfield, English politician and 1st British female cabinet minister (Labour), dies at 80
  • 1960-09-27 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist/daughter of Emmeline, dies at 78
  • 1962-01-12 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian writer and feminist (b. 1869)
  • 1964-01-09 Halide Edib Adevar/Salih, Turkish feminist (Handan), dies at about 80
  • 1964-05-02 Nancy N Witcher Astor, US/Eng feminist/ex of Waldorf Astor, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1966-09-06 Margaret Sanger, US feminist and birth control pioneer, dies at 86

  • 1972-08-11 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), dies at 90
  • 1981-09-19 Joke Kool-Smit, Dutch feminist, dies
  • 1981-12-26 Amber Reeves, feminist writer (b. 1887)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1986-04-14 Simone de Beauvoir, French author and feminist (The Mandarins, The Second Sex, She Came to Stay), dies of pneumonia at 78

  • 1990-09-30 Liesbeth de Uyl-of Vessem, feminist/wife of Joop du, dies
  • 1992-11-17 Audre Lorde, American writer, feminist and activist (Black Unicorn), dies of cancer at 58
  • 1995-02-15 Nabila Diahnine, Algerian architect/feminist, murdered at 33
  • 1997-10-28 Toni Carabillo, writer (Feminist Chronicles), dies of lymphoma at 71
  • 2005-04-09 Andrea Dworkin, American radical feminist, dies at 58
  • 2005-08-03 Françoise d'Eaubonne, French feminist (b. 1920)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2006-02-04 Betty Friedan, American writer and feminist, dies of congestive heart failure at 85

  • 2006-08-01 Iris Marion Young, American feminist and political scientist (b. 1949)
  • 2009-10-18 Nancy Spero, American feminist artist, dies at 83
  • 2010-01-03 Mary Daly, American theologian and feminist scholar (b. 1928)
  • 2010-03-20 Liz Carpenter, American feminist writer (b. 1920)
  • 2012-01-01 Elizabeth Brumfiel, American feminist archaeologist, dies of cancer at 66
  • 2012-03-27 Adrienne Rich, American feminist poet/essayist, dies from complications of rheumatoid arthritis at 82