Today in Socialist History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 118

  • 1873-02-27 Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor
  • 1877-12-26 Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st national convention

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1878-10-21 German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1878-12-28 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)
  • 1888-03-25 Socialist leader Domela Nieuwenhuis elected to Dutch 2nd chamber
  • 1892-07-04 James Keir Hardie chosen 1st socialist in British Lower house
  • 1895-11-05 Edward, Prince of Wales, says "We are all Socialists nowadays"
  • 1900-03-06 After a meeting in Indianapolis, USA, a group forms the Social Democratic Party and nominates Eugene Debs as its candidate for President in the forthcoming election (becomes the Socialist Party in 1901)
  • 1900-03-25 US Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis
  • 1900-06-24 Dutch Social-Democratic Workers' party & Socialistenbond merge
  • 1902-04-08 Demonstration organised by socialists in Belgium as people demand better education, living conditions, the right to strike and universal male suffrage result in a riot and some deaths
  • 1902-04-15 Russian minister of interior and head of secret police, Sipyengin, is assassinated by the 'Terror Brigade' of the Socialist Revolutionaries
  • 1904-09-21 The general strike called by the Socialist Party that spread throughout Italy ends today
  • 1907-01-26 In Austria, universal and direct suffrage (limited to males over 24) is introduced, a reform long demanded by the socialists and others
  • 1907-02-07 Conservative coalition take over Reichstag in Germany after rallying conservatives against the threat of a socialist government
  • 1908-05-24 Belgium Catholic socialist/liberal parliamentary election
  • 1910-04-27 Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights
  • 1910-11-08 For the first time since 1894, the US elects a Democratic Congress, including the first socialist ever to sit in Congress, Victor L Berger of Milwaukee
  • 1911-03-04 Victor Berger (Wisc) becomes 1st socialist congressman in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911-11-20 The funeral of Paul and Laura (daughter of Karl Marx) Lafargue in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1912-11-25 Socialist International rejects that world war is coming
  • 1914-01-01 Klaas ter Laan becomes Neth's 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1914-07-16 Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)
  • 1914-07-25 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary
  • 1914-11-15 Italian socialist Benito Mussolini founds newspaper Il Populo d'Italia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-11-24 Benito Mussolini leaves Italy's socialist party

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1917-07-21 Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister
  • 1918-03-18 Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
  • 1918-06-30 Prominent US Socialist and Pacifist Eugene Debs is arrested on charges of denouncing the government, a violation of the Espionage Act of 1917
  • 1918-07-10 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
  • 1919-01-05 National Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers' Party
  • 1919-01-15 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps
  • 1919-02-03 Socialist conference convenes (Berne, Switzerland)
  • 1920-01-02 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • 1920-01-07 Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly
  • 1921-02-27 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921-07-29 Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1922-08-01 In Italy, the socialist 'Alianza del Lavoro' declare a national strike which collapses immediately and fascist forces destroy union and socialist headquarters
  • 1922-11-30 Hitler speaks to 50,000 national-socialists in Munich
  • 1922-12-20 14 republics form Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics (USSR)
  • 1923-01-01 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
  • 1923-02-05 Mass arrests of socialists & communists in Italy
  • 1923-05-01 Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence
  • 1923-05-04 Bloody street battles between nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
  • 1923-05-26 Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
  • 1923-07-06 The Central Executive Committee accepts the Treaty of Union, signed in Moscow in December 1922, and the Russian Empire becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • 1924-04-11 Socialists win Danish parliamentary elections
  • 1924-05-30 Socialist Matteotti falls in Italian parliament by fascists
  • 1925-02-02 Belgian episcopacy rejects liberalism, communism & socialism
  • 1925-03-02 Dutch Socialists demand drastic disarmament
  • 1925-08-18 Cardinal Mercier warns Belgians against socialism/liberalism
  • 1925-11-05 Mussolini disbands Italian socialist parties
  • 1929-02-03 Revolutionary Socialist Party forms in Amsterdam
  • 1931-03-20 Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
  • 1932-11-09 Riots between conservative and socialist supporters in Switzerland kill 12 and injure 60.
  • 1933-05-17 Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form Nasjonal Samling — the national-socialist party of Norway.
  • 1934-02-13 Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
  • 1934-03-29 Bank of Travail in Belgium, socialist workers' movement bankrupt
  • 1934-07-27 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
  • 1935-03-03 Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP), forms
  • 1935-06-30 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
  • 1935-11-24 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its second congress.
  • 1936-01-16 Spanish socialists/communists/anarchists form Unidad Popular
  • 1941-06-22 Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group.
  • 1943-07-08 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler
  • 1945-11-29 Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed
  • 1946-02-01 Trygve Lie, a Norwegian socialist, becomes 1st Sectary General of the United Nations
  • 1946-03-13 Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms Belgian government - shortest Belgian government (ends 31 March)
  • 1946-04-21 Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • 1946-06-18 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim.
  • 1947-03-19 Belgian government of Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms
  • 1948-01-29 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • 1948-08-06 Willem Drees forms Socialist government (KVP/Social Democratics/CHU/Liberal) in the Netherlands
  • 1948-10-06 The 1948 Ashgabat earthquake kills 100,000 in the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
  • 1953-01-06 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma
  • 1954-05-01 Bishops publish Mandement (member socialist org forbidden)
  • 1957-01-26 Dutch Pacifist Socialist Party forms
  • 1963-04-07 Yugoslavia proclaimed a Socialistic republic
  • 1964-09-15 Final edition of socialist British newspaper "Daily Herald"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968-03-21 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares banished to Sao Tomé

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares
  • 1968-04-06 94.5% of East German voters approve new socialist constitution
  • 1968-04-08 New socialist constitution of East Germany takes effect
  • 1968-11-10 Portuguese socialist Mário Soares freed
  • 1970-04-20 Bruno Kreisky becomes 1st socialist chancellor of Austria
  • 1970-06-22 Irish socialist, republican and Member of Parliament, Bernadette Devlin, loses her appeal against a 6-month prison sentence imposed for taking part in riots in Derry
  • 1972-04-19 Hungary revises its constitution to declare itself a socialist state
  • 1974-10-10 The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) and its political wing the Irish Republican Socialist Party (IRSP)founded at the Spa Hotel in the village of Lucan near Dublin
  • 1974-12-08 Irish Republican Socialist Party forms
  • 1974-12-20 Ethiopia becomes socialist one-party state
  • 1975-04-25 Mário Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's first free election since 1925
  • 1975-04-26 Mário Soaress' Socialist Party wins 1st free election in Portugal
  • 1976-09-21 Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He was a member of the Chilean socialist government of Salvador Allende, overthrown in 1973 by Augusto Pinochet.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1976-11-26 Willy Brandt elected chairman of Socialist International

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1977-03-03 Libyan Socialist Arabs People's Republic forms
  • 1977-03-20 Communists/socialists win French municipal elections
  • 1981-06-21 Socialists/communists win French parliamentary election
  • 1982-10-28 Spain's socialists win/communists lose elections
  • 1983-02-23 The Spanish Socialist government of Felipe González and Miguel Boyer nationalizes Rumasa, a holding of José María Ruiz Mateos.
  • 1983-04-24 Austrian socialist party loses parliamentary election
  • 1983-04-25 Portugal's Mário Soares' Partido Socialista wins parliamentary election

Famous Birthdays

  • 1760-11-23 Gracchus Babeuf, French utopian socialist (Tribun du Peuple)
  • 1771-05-14 Robert Owen, England, factory owner/socialist
  • 1772-04-07 F M Charles Fourier, French socialist
  • 1809-01-15 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, France, politician (libertarian socialist)
  • 1812-06-21 Moses Hess, Jewish socialist and nationalist (d. 1875)
  • 1828-09-28 Friedrich A Lange, Prussia, philosopher/socialist (Neo-Kantianism)
  • 1834-03-24 William Morris, England, designer/craftsman/poet/socialist
  • 1838-06-24 Gustav von Schmoller, German economist (Lectern Socialism)
  • 1847-11-02 George Sorel, French Socialist thinker/author (violent revolutions)
  • 1854-10-16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist
  • 1855-01-03 Hubert Bland, English socialist (d. 1914)
  • 1855-11-05 Eugene V. Debs, Terre Haute, Indiana, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate (d. 1926)
  • 1858-04-07 Adrien H Gerhard, Dutch socialist politician (SDAP)
  • 1859-09-03 AAJ Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité, Les Preuves)
  • 1863-09-13 Arthur Henderson, Britain, socialist/disarmament worker (Nobel 1934)
  • 1864-11-26 Herman Gorter, Dutch socialist/poet (May, Tiny Hero's Poem)
  • 1865-07-02 Lili Braun, Prussia, feminist/socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen)
  • 1866-01-25 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments (d. 1938)
  • 1868-06-05 James Connolly, Irish socialist (d. 1916)
  • 1870-04-07 Gustav Landauer, German socialist
  • 1871-03-05 Rosa Luxemburg, Socialist revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • 1871-07-08 Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1873-01-15 Max Adler, Austria sociologist/socialist theorist
  • 1876-01-12 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • 1876-03-11 David Wijnkoop, Dutch revolutionary socialist
  • 1877-02-26 Carel S Adama van Scheltema, Dutch poet/writer (socialism)
  • 1877-06-05 Johan W Albarda, 1st Dutch socialist minister (1939-45)
  • 1878-06-17 Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), born in Champigny-sur-Marne (d. 1932)
  • 1878-08-13 Salomon "Sam" de Wolff, Dutch zionist/socialist theorist
  • 1879-07-01 Leon Jouhaux, France, socialist/co-founder UN's ILO (Nobel 1951)
  • 1879-11-17 Gerardus H de Haas, socialist vicar
  • 1881-03-12 Daniel Webster Hoan, Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
  • 1883-06-21 Feodor Gladkov, Russian socialist writer (Cement) (d. 1958)
  • 1884-11-20 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), born in Marion Ohio (d. 1968)
  • 1889-09-25 George Douglas Howard Cole, socialist/novelist
  • 1891-02-09 Pietro Nenni, Italy, socialist/minister of foreign affairs (1946-47)
  • 1891-05-07 Harry McShane, Scottish socialist (d. 1988)
  • 1896-12-21 Carl Romme, Dutch catholic foreman/KVP-min Socialist Business
  • 1897-01-20 Mae Busch, Australian/US actress (Cowboy Socialist)
  • 1905-12-31 Guy Mollet, Prime Minister of France (1956-57), born in Flers, France (d. 1975)
  • 1907-11-03 James Geoffrey Cutcliffe Hepburn, tap-dancer/socialist
  • 1910-11-11 Frideswide Frances Emma Knight, musician/socialist
  • 1911-04-08 Douglas Hyde, socialist/Christian
  • 1916-06-26 Paul Derrick, co-operator/Christian socialist
  • 1921-01-14 Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist (d. 2006)
  • 1925-08-08 Jack Stoddart, designer/socialist
  • 1925-09-30 Gwyn A Williams, historian/socialist
  • 1928-02-24 Michael Harrington, socialist/author (Fragments of Century), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1930-08-04 John Gorman, printer/socialist historian
  • 1934-02-24 Bettino Craxi, Italy's 1st socialist premier (1983-87)
  • 1934-12-24 Stjepan Mesić, president of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement and president of Croatia.
  • 1938-01-11 Michael Fenn, docker/socialist
  • 1938-01-11 Arthur Scargill, Socialist Labour Party (UK) leader

Famous Deaths

  • 1797-05-27 Francois-Noal "Gracchus" Babeuf, French utopian socialist, dies at 36
  • 1837-10-09 Charles Fourier, French utopian socialist (Harmony universal), dies
  • 1875-11-21 Friedrich A Lange, philosopher/socialist (Neo-Kantianism), dies at 67
  • 1898-05-22 Edward Bellamy, American author/socialist, dies of tuberculosis at 48
  • 1900-08-06 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German journalist/socialist, dies at 74
  • 1914-07-30 Jean Jaurès, leading socialist, assassinated in Paris
  • 1914-07-31 A J Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité/Les Preuves), murdered=
  • 1916-05-12 James Connolly, Irish socialist (b. 1868)
  • 1918-01-02 Sijbe K Bakker, vicar/theologist (Christian-Socialism), dies at 42
  • 1919-05-02 Gustav Landauer, German socialist, dies
  • 1919-11-18 Ferdinand Domela Newenhouse, anarchist (free socialist), dies
  • 1920-02-12 Jean Allemane, French socialist/communard (allemanisten), dies at 77
  • 1924-05-06 Carel S Adama van Scheltema, poet/writer (socialism), dies at 47
  • 1924-06-10 Giacomo Matteotti, Italian socialist deputy, assassinated by fascists
  • 1926-10-20 Eugene V. Debs, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate (b. 1855)
  • 1927-09-15 Herman Gorter, socialist/poet (Mai, Pan), dies at 62
  • 1932-05-07 Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), dies at 53
  • 1937-06-28 Max Adler, Austrian socialist theorist, dies at 64
  • 1938-10-18 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist, dies
  • 1938-12-27 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments dies at 72
  • 1941-05-07 David Wijnkoop, revolutionary socialist, dies
  • 1941-07-26 Marx Dormoy, French socialist, killed by a time bomb
  • 1943-04-24 Gerardus H de Hare, socialist vicar, dies at 63
  • 1946-03-02 Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian National socialist (b. 1895)
  • 1953-10-18 Douwe Kalma, Fries literature/christian-socialist, dies at 57
  • 1960-10-12 Inejiro Asanuma, leader Japanese Socialist Party, murdered at 61
  • 1960-11-24 Salomon "Sam" de Wolff, zionist/socialist theorist, dies at 82
  • 1962-11-20 Jasper McLevy, socialist mayor of Bridgeport Ct, dies
  • 1963-03-06 Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam), dies at 91
  • 1965-10-29 Mehdi Am Barka, Moroccan socialist leader, murdered in Paris
  • 1967-10-12 Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian Socialist politician leader
  • 1968-12-19 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), dies at 84
  • 1974-09-11 Víctor Olea Alegría, Chilean Socialist Party member
  • 1976-07-30 Emil Solomon "Solly" Sachs, South African socialist, dies in London
  • 1980-01-01 Pietro Nenni, Italian politician (Socialists), dies at 88
  • 1991-09-08 Jan J Lipski, chairman (Polish Socialist Party)/writer, dies
  • 1995-08-29 Jack Stoddart, designer/socialist, dies at 70
  • 1995-11-16 Gwyn A Williams, historian/socialist, dies at 70
  • 1995-12-15 James Geoffrey Cutcliffe Hepburn, tap-dancer/socialist, dies at 88
  • 1996-07-28 Mickey Fenn, docker/socialist, dies at 58
  • 1996-09-19 Douglas Hyde, socialist/Christian, dies at 85
  • 1996-10-02 Frideswide Frances Emma Knight, musician/socialist, dies at 85
  • 1996-10-31 John Gorman, printer/socialist historian, dies at 66
  • 1996-11-30 Paul Derrick, co-operator/Christian socialist, dies at 80
  • 2006-07-30 Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist (b. 1921)