How to Reference

It is important to remember that different people and institutions use different systems of referencing so if you are referencing for a school or university assignment it would be advisable to contact your department or teacher first. Referencing for footnotes and for a bibliography also varies. Otherwise recommends the following for a bibliography.

Electronic Sources e.g. Web sites, CD-ROM's

In general: Last name, First name of author or editor, Title, Edition, Place of publication, Date of publication, Medium, Available protocol: Site/Path/File (if relevant), Access date (if relevant).

e.g. for
Graham, James, 'China's growing trade with European ships 1517-1800',, online, 2002, available at: (21 July 2002)