Roman Catholic History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 352

  • 0707-10-18 John VII ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0708-03-25 Constantine begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0715-04-09 Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0715-05-19 St Gregory II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0731-03-18 St Gregory III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0741-12-03 St Zachary begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Gregory III
  • 0752-03-22 Stephen II elected Catholic Pope (or 23rd)
  • 0757-05-29 St Paul I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0767-06-28 St Paul I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0768-07-31 [Philip] begins & ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0768-08-07 Stephen III [IV] begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0772-02-01 Adrian I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0795-12-26 St Leo III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0817-01-24 St Paschal I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Stephen IV
  • 0847-01-27 Sergius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0847-04-10 St Leo IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0855-07-17 St Leo IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0855-09-29 Benedict III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0858-04-17 Benedict III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0867-12-14 Adrian II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0872-12-14 John VIII elected as Catholic Pope
  • 0882-12-16 Marinus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding John VIII
  • 0884-05-15 Marinus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0884-05-17 St Adrian III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0891-09-14 Stephen V ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0891-10-06 Formosus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 0905-07-21 Holy Roman Catholic emperor Louis III captured
  • 0996-06-21 Pope Gregory V crowns Otto III Roman Catholic German emperor of Elzas
  • 1111-04-13 Pope Paschalis II crowns Roman catholics-German king Hendrik II

MurderAssassination

1170-12-29 Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II; subsequently martryed

Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Becket
Archbishop of Canterbury
Thomas Becket
  • 1198-09-05 Philips of Zwabia, Prince of Hohenstaufen, crowned King of Germany and King of the Romans
  • 1210-11-18 Pope Innocent III excommunicates Roman Catholic Emperor Otto IV
  • 1226-09-11 The Roman Catholic practice of public adoration of the Blessed Sacrament outside of Mass spreads from monasteries to parishes.
  • 1247-10-03 Willem II of Holland elected Roman Catholic German emperor
  • 1256-04-13 The Grand Union of the Augustinian order formed when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.
  • 1256-05-04 The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.
  • 1268-10-29 Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the German Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed with Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily
  • 1273-10-01 Earl Rudolf van Habsburg becomes Roman Catholic-German king
  • 1419-07-30 First defenestration of Prague: anti-Catholic Hussites, followers of executed reformer Jan Hus, storm Prague town hall and throw the judge, mayor and several city council members out the windows. They die in the fall or killed by crowd outside.
  • 1488-02-05 Roman catholic German emperor Maximilian I caught in Belgium
  • 1492-01-02 Muhammad XII. (Boabdil) last Nasird ruler of Moorish fortress Alhambra surrenders to the Catholic Monarchs
  • 1499-11-05 Publication of the Catholicon in Treguier (Brittany). Breton-French-Latin dictionary written in 1464 by Jehan Lagadeuc was first Breton and French dictionary
  • 1502-02-12 Muslims in Granada forced to convert to Catholicism

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1519-06-28 King Carlos I elected Holy Roman Catholic Emperor Charles V

King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521-01-03 Martin Luther excommunicated by Pope Leo X from the Roman Catholic Church

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
Pope Leo X
Pope
Leo X
  • 1525-07-19 Catholic German monarchy form Union of Dessau
  • 1527-06-24 Gustaaf I begins Reformation in Sweden, taking Catholic possessions
  • 1529-06-09 Zurich declares war on Catholic kantons
  • 1529-06-24 Zürich & catholic cantons sign Peace of Kappel
  • 1531-10-11 Battle at Kappel: Swiss Roman Catholic kantons beat protestant forces of Zurich
  • 1535-06-17 English Catholic Cardinal John Fischer state rights
  • 1536-10-20 King Christian III of Denmark & Norway leads reform in Catholic possessions
  • 1538-06-10 Catholic German monarchy signs League of Neuremberg
  • 1548-06-30 Augsburg Interim isues by Charles V becomes law - orders Lutherans to return to Catholic practices with some concessions
  • 1555-11-12 The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism.
  • 1557-09-11 Catholic & Lutheran theology debated in Worms
  • 1564-01-26 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
  • 1569-11-09 Catholic uprising under the Dukes of Northumberland & Westmoreland
  • 1571-03-25 Catholic Italian businessman Roberto Ridolfi leaves England
  • 1571-09-04 Catholic rebellion in Scotland
  • 1572-01-16 Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.
  • 1572-07-09 19 Catholic priests hanged in Gorcum
  • 1572-08-24 St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of Protestants by Roman Catholics begins in Paris and later spreads to the French provinces
  • 1575-10-10 Battle of Dormans: Roman Catholic forces under Duke Henry of Guise defeated the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
  • 1575-11-08 French Roman Catholics & Huguenots signs treaty
  • 1576-02-05 Henry of Navarre (later Henry IV of France) abjures Catholicism at Tours
  • 1580-06-18 States of Utrecht forbid catholic worship
  • 1580-11-26 French Huguenots & Roman Catholics sign peace treaty
  • 1581-01-16 English parliament passes laws against Catholicism
  • 1582-10-05 Gregorian calendar introduced in Italy and other Catholic countries
  • 1582-10-15 Many Catholic countries switch to Gregorian calendar, skip 10 days
  • 1585-01-02 Spain & Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville
  • 1585-07-25 Amsterdam bans 45 roman catholics
  • 1587-10-20 Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League
  • 1588-05-12 Catholic League under duke Henri de Guise occupies Paris
  • 1588-07-11 French King Henri III accept demands of Catholic League
  • 1589-09-21 Battle at Arques: French King Henri IV beats Catholic League
  • 1590-03-14 Battle of Ivry: French King Henri IV beats Catholic League during French Wars of Religion
  • 1593-07-25 France's Protestant King Henri IV converts to Roman Catholic faith
  • 1596-01-31 Catholic League disbanded
  • 1607-06-30 Annales Ecclesiastici (Scientific History of Catholicism) published
  • 1609-07-10 Catholic German monarchy forms Catholic League
  • 1611-04-28 Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, the oldest existing university in Asia and the largest Catholic university in the world.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1616-03-05 Astronomical work 'de Revolutionibus' by Nicolaus Copernicus placed on Catholic Forbidden index

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1618-05-23 2nd Defenestration of Prague; beginning of 30 Years War. Two Catholic Lords Regent and their secretary thrown out of window - they were not seriously injured by the 70 foot fall.
  • 1626-08-27 Battle of Lutter: Catholic League beats Danish king Christian IV
  • 1628-08-01 Emperor Ferdinand II demands Austria Protestant convert to Catholicism
  • 1634-03-25 Under charter granted to Lord Baltimore and led by his brother Leonard Calvert first settlers found Catholic colony of Maryland
  • 1641-10-23 Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641 - Catholic uprising in Ulster
  • 1648-06-24 Cossacks slaughter 2,000 Jews & 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine
  • 1654-06-06 Queen Christina of Sweden resigns & converts to Catholicism
  • 1670-02-14 Roman Catholic emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1673-03-29 English King Charles II accepts Test Act: Roman Catholics excluded from public functions

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1678-11-30 Roman Catholics banned from English parliament
  • 1685-06-11 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, rebels against Catholic king James II
  • 1686-07-17 A meeting takes place at Lüneburg between several Protestant powers in order to discuss the formation of an 'evangelical' league of defence, called the 'Confederatio Militiae Evangelicae', against the Catholic League.
  • 1688-12-23 King James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch flees to France from William of Orange
  • 1690-07-01 Army of Protestant King William III defeats deposed Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of Boyne in Ireland
  • 1690-07-12 Battle of Boyne: in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II
  • 1697-06-02 August, Elector of Saxony becomes Catholic

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 129 of 129


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1920-05-18 John Paul II [Karol Wojtyla], 264th Roman Catholic Pope (1978-2005), born in Wadowice, Poland (d. 2005)

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1920-10-29 Catholicos Baselios Mar Thoma Didymos I, Indian Catholic
  • 1921-08-25 Brian Moore, Ireland, novelist (Catholics, Doctor's Wife)
  • 1921-12-30 Michael Hollings, catholic priest/crusader
  • 1922-04-09 Gerald Moverley, Roman Catholic bishop (Hallam)
  • 1925-03-14 Francis A. Marzen, American Catholic prelate (d. 2004)
  • 1925-06-03 Thomas Winning, Roman Catholic archbishop (Glasgow)
  • 1926-03-03 Joseph Anthony Ferrario, American Catholic prelate (d. 2003)
  • 1926-04-03 Andrew Keir, actor (Rob Roy, Absolution, Blood Hunt, Catholics)
  • 1927-02-25 Rev. Bruce Ritter, Catholic priest and controversial founder of charity Covenant House, born in Trenton New Jersey (d. 1999)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1927-04-16 Pope Benedict XVI [Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger], Catholic Pope (2005-2013), born in Marktl, Bavaria, Germany

265th Pope  Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI
  • 1931-08-02 Pierre DuMaine, Catholic bishop
  • 1932-01-26 George H Clements, first Roman Catholic Priest to adopt a child.
  • 1933-01-04 Ilia II Catholicos-Patriarch of all Georgia.
  • 1933-06-17 Anthony Bevilacqua, Roman Catholic Cardinal (Philadelphia), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1933-09-05 Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, Chilian catholic archbishop
  • 1935-03-27 Fr. Stanley Rother, Roman Catholic Priest, Martyr and Missionary to Guatemala (d. 1981)
  • 1936-05-16 Karl Lehmann, German Catholic cardinal
  • 1936-06-15 William Joseph Levada, American Catholic prelate

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1936-12-17 Pope Francis [Jorge Mario Bergoglio], Catholic Pope (2013-) 1st Jesuit pope, 1st from the Americas and 1st non-European pope since Syrian Gregory III in 741, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Pope Francis
Pope
Francis
  • 1938-12-14 Leonardo Boff, Italy, Brazilian Catholic theologian
  • 1940-10-29 José Ulises Macías Salcedo, Catholic bishop
  • 1940-12-21 Frank Zappa, rocker (Mothers of Invention, Catholic Girls), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1942-04-15 Francis X. DiLorenzo, American Catholic prelate
  • 1942-11-20 Paulos Faraj Rahho, Iraqi Chaldean Catholic bishop (d. 2008)
  • 1944-06-29 Sean O'Malley, American Roman Catholic bishop
  • 1944-12-24 Oswald Gracias, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Bombay
  • 1945-07-11 Patrick Joseph McGrath, Catholic bishop
  • 1949-08-06 Clarence Richard Silva, Catholic Bishop of Honolulu

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 150 of 150

  • 1939-05-29 Ursula Julia Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint (b. 1865)
  • 1939-09-20 Paul Bruchési, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Montreal (b. 1855)
  • 1940-08-31 Georges Gauthier, French Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop of Montreal (b. 1871)
  • 1940-11-09 Stephen Peter Alencastre, Portuguese Catholic prelate (b. 1876)
  • 1942-07-26 Titus Brandsma, [Anno Sjoerd], Dutch Roman Catholic priest and philosopher (Dachau), dies
  • 1951-03-13 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist/Catholic bishop, dies at 67
  • 1952-12-27 Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian Roman Catholic priest (b. 1878)
  • 1968-06-19 James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate (b. 1898)
  • 1968-09-23 Francesco Forgione, "Padre Pio", Catholic saint (b. 1887)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1968-12-10 Thomas Merton, French/American Catholic writer and Trappist monk (7 Story Mountain), accidentally electrocuted by an electric fan at 53

Catholic Writer and Trappist Monk Thomas Merton
Catholic Writer and Trappist Monk
Thomas Merton
  • 1972-02-21 Eugène Tisserant, French Catholic candinal (b. 1884)
  • 1974-04-08 James Charles McGuigan, Catholic archbishop of Toronto (b. 1894)
  • 1974-08-01 Ildebrando Antoniutti, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1898)
  • 1975-06-26 St. Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish Catholic priest (b. 1902)
  • 1976-04-15 Gerald Smith, antisemite/catholic (National Christian Crusade), dies at 78
  • 1978-09-28 Pope John Paul I [Albino Luciani], 263rd Roman Catholic Pope, dies after 33 days as pope at 65

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1980-11-29 Dorothy Day, American journalist, social activist and devout Catholic convert, dies of a heart attack at 83

Journalist, Socialist and Catholic Convert Dorothy Day
Journalist, Socialist and Catholic Convert
Dorothy Day
  • 1981-07-28 Fr. Stanley Rother, Roman Catholic Priest, Martyr and Missionary to Guatemala (b. 1935)
  • 1989-05-02 Giuseppe Siri, Italian Catholic Cardinal (b. 1906)
  • 1991-03-25 Marcel Lefebvre, French Catholic prelate (b. 1905)
  • 1991-03-26 Frans Dohmen, union leader (Neth Catholic Mine Workers), dies at 81
  • 1992-05-08 Brian Moore, writer (Catholics), dies of heart failure at 59
  • 1994-08-29 Jean-Marie Vincent, Haitian Catholic priest, shot dead
  • 1996-02-08 Derek Worlock, English Roman Catholic Archbishop Liverpool, dies at 76
  • 1997-01-31 John Joseph Scanlan, Irish Catholic prelate (b. 1930)
  • 1997-02-21 Michael Hollings, catholic priest/crusader, dies at 75
  • 1999-08-27 Hélder Câmara, Brazilian Roman Catholic archbishop (b. 1909)
  • 1999-10-07 Rev. Bruce Ritter, American Catholic priest and controversial founder of charity New York City based Covenant House, dies of cancer at 72
  • 2000-05-03 John Joseph Cardinal O'Connor, Catholic Archbishop of New York (b. 1920)
  • 2000-08-23 John Anthony Kaiser, Roman Catholic priest (b. 1932)
  • 2003-03-24 Hans Hermann Groër, Austrian Catholic archbishop (b. 1919)
  • 2003-08-23 John Geoghan, American Catholic priest (b. 1935)
  • 2003-12-12 Joseph Anthony Ferrario, American Catholic prelate (b. 1926)
  • 2004-03-13 Franz König, Austrian Catholic Archbishop of Vienna (b. 1905)
  • 2004-07-19 Reverend Francis Marzen, American Catholic prelate (b. 1924)
  • 2004-10-24 James Cardinal Hickey, American Catholic archbishop (b. 1920)
  • 2005-02-03 Corrado Cardinal Bafile, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1903)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2005-04-02 Pope John Paul II, Polish Roman Catholic Pope, dies of heart failure at 84

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 2005-06-21 Jaime Cardinal Sin, Filipino Catholic Archbishop of Manila (b. 1928)
  • 2006-09-29 Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Quebec (b. 1912)
  • 2007-01-28 Father Robert Drinan, Roman Catholic Priest and American politician (b. 1920)
  • 2008-03-14 Chiara Lubich, Italian Catholic activist and leader and foundress of the Focolare (b. 1920)
  • 2008-04-19 Alfonso López Trujillo, Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (b. 1935)
  • 2008-12-12 Avery Dulles, Roman Catholic Cardinal, heologian (b. 1918)
  • 2009-01-20 Stéphanos II Ghattas, Patriarch Emeritus of Alexandria for the Coptic Catholic Church (b. 1920)
  • 2009-11-04 Hubertus Brandenburg, Roman Catholic Bishop of Stockholm (b. 1923)
  • 2009-12-23 Edward Schillebeeckx, Belgian Roman Catholic theologian (b. 1914)
  • 2010-03-04 Hilario Chávez Joya, Mexican Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1928)
  • 2010-06-10 Metropolitan Basil Schott, Archbishop of the Byzantine Catholic Archeparchy of Pittsburgh (b. 1939)
  • 2012-01-01 Alfredo Battisti, Roman Catholic Archdiosese of Udine, Italy, dies at 87