Islamic History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 184

  • 0610-08-10 In Islam, the traditional date of the Laylat al-Qadr, when Muhammad began to receive the Qur'an
  • 0622-07-16 Muslim Era begins - Muhammad begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hijra)
  • 0622-09-20 Islamic Prophet Muhammed/Abu Bakr arrives in Jathrib (Medina)
  • 0624-03-13 Battle of Badr: Muhammad's Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan army
  • 0636-08-20 Battle at Yarmuk: Muslims beat Byzantines [or August 15]
  • 0637-10-30 Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge
  • 0641-06-09 Arabic/Islamic army contrasts with the Hippo over Alexandria
  • 0644-11-03 Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina.
  • 0644-12-14 Uthman ibn Affan, companion of Muhammad, appointed 3rd Caliph of Islam
  • 0656-06-17 Ali ibn Abu Talib chosen kalief of Islam
  • 0657-07-26 Battle of Siffin during the first Muslim civil war between Ali ibn Abi Talib and Muawiyah I beside Euphrates River
  • 0694-11-09 Spanish King Egica accuses Jews of aiding Muslims/sentenced to slavery
  • 0711-04-30 Islamic conquest of Iberia: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).
  • 0711-07-19 Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic.
  • 0733-10-17 Battle at Tours (Poitiers): Charles Martel's Frankish and Burgundian forces beat those of al-Andalus under Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi halting Islamic influence (date disputed)
  • 0878-05-21 Syracuse is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily.
  • 0920-07-26 Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre and Léon against the Muslims at Pamplona.
  • 1071-08-05 Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes captured/Islam advances through Europe
  • 1071-08-26 Battle of Manzikert, Byzantine Armenia (modern Malazgirt, Turkey). Fought between Byzantine Empire and Seljuq Turks.
  • 1099-07-08 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.
  • 1141-09-08 -9] Battle of Samarkand: Yelutashi defeats Islams

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1191-08-20 Crusader King Richard I kills 3,000 muslim prisoners in Akko

  • 1212-07-16 Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa; end of Muslim power in Spain
  • 1256-12-15 Hulagu Khan captures and destroys the Hashshashin stronghold at Alamut in present-day Iran as part of the Mongol offensive on Islamic southwest Asia.
  • 1332-02-18 Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.
  • 1480-08-12 Battle of Otranto - Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam
  • 1502-02-12 Muslims in Granada forced to convert to Catholicism
  • 1542-02-02 Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Muslim-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
  • 1543-02-11 Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian/Portuguese troops beat Muslim army
  • 1666-09-16 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi becomes Islamiet
  • 1825-07-21 Java princess Dipo Negoro/Mangkubumi declare war on all non-islamics
  • 1827-10-01 The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
  • 1828-04-20 Frenchman René Caillié is the first non-Muslim to enter Timbuktu, returns to win 10,000 franc prize from Société de Géographie
  • 1875-12-30 Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms
  • 1887-07-04 The founder of Pakistan, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, joins Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam, Karachi.
  • 1889-03-23 The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
  • 1891-05-07 Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Muslim rebellion, 300 killed
  • 1906-12-30 The All India Muslim League is founded in Dacca, East Bengal, British India Empire, which later laid down the foundations of Pakistan.
  • 1908-05-27 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din iss elected the first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
  • 1913-03-14 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • 1916-06-17 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • 1919-04-14 Following Gandhi's nonviolent methods, Muslim and Hindu protest British rule; British troops fire on the crowds, killing 400
  • 1924-07-11 Muslim-Hindu rebellion in Delhi, India
  • 1926-04-02 Riots between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1930-11-22 Elijah Muhammad forms Nation of Islam in Detroit
  • 1933-01-28 The name "Pakistan" is coined by Choudhry Rahmat Ali, gradually it is accepted by Muslims in the Indian sub-continent who use it to push for a separate Muslim homeland in South Asia
  • 1940-03-23 All-India-Muslim League calls for a Muslim homeland
  • 1940-03-23 The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or the then Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All India Muslim League.
  • 1946-08-16 Direct Action Day: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless
  • 1947-08-15 India gains independence from Great Britain, remains a dominion until 1950
  • 1947-09-07 Battles between Hindus & Muslims in New Delhi, India
  • 1951-03-20 Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
  • 1953-09-22 Islamic uprising in Atjeh, Indonesia
  • 1953-11-02 Pakistan becomes islamic republic
  • 1954-01-13 Military rule in Egypt; 318 Muslim Brotherhood members arrested
  • 1954-10-07 Hassan el Hodeiby, leader of the Muslim Brothership, arrested in Egypt
  • 1954-10-29 Colonel Nasser disbands Muslim Brotherhood
  • 1955-04-06 Yemen: failed coup by Abdullah Seif el-Islam
  • 1956-02-29 Islamic Republic forms in Pakistan
  • 1956-03-23 Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (National Day)
  • 1960-07-31 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state
  • 1960-08-01 Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.
  • 1961-03-27 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
  • 1962-02-18 France & Algerian Muslims negotiate truce to end 7 year war
  • 1962-11-16 Kuwait adopts constitution (1st, Islamitic)
  • 1964-01-13 Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964-02-07 Cassius Clay converts to Islam, and is renamed Muhammad Ali

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964-03-08 Malcolm X resigns from the Nation of Islam

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
  • 1965-01-21 Iranian premier Hassan Ali Mansur assassinated by 17-year-old Mohammad Bokharaei, a member of the Fadayan-e Islam.
  • 1965-02-21 Rights activist Malcolm X is shot dead by Nation of Islam followers at Audubon Ballroom in New York City
  • 1965-10-08 Muslims in Jakarta set fire to PKI-headquarters
  • 1965-12-06 Pakistan's Islamic Ideology Advisory Committee recommends that Islamic Studies be made a compulsory subject for Muslim students from primary to graduate level.
  • 1967-05-06 Zakir Hussain elected 1st Muslim president of India
  • 1973-01-23 Jordan Air crash at Kano, Nigeria kills 176 Muslim pilgrims
  • 1974-01-12 Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as "Islamic Arab Republic"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974-04-01 Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1974-04-17 Muslim fundamentalists assault military academy in Heliopolis, Egypt
  • 1974-12-04 Dutch DC-8 charter crashes in Sri Lanka killing 191 Muslim pilgrims
  • 1977-03-09 Hanafi Muslims invade 3 buildings in Wash DC, siege ended Mar 11th
  • 1977-03-11 Muslims hold 130 hostages in Wash DC
  • 1977-04-01 Attempt for Muslim state in Chad fails
  • 1977-07-23 Washington jury convicts 12 Hanafi Muslims on hostage charges
  • 1978-07-06 Israeli jet fighters swooped over mostly Muslim West Beirut
  • 1979-01-20 1 million Iranians march in Tehran in a show of support for the exiled Ayatollah Khomeini, fundamentalist Muslim leader
  • 1979-02-14 In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police.
  • 1979-04-01 Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah
  • 1979-06-16 Muslim Brotherhood kills 62 sheiks in Aleppo Syria
  • 1979-11-21 Crowd at Islamabad, Pakistan attack US embassy, 1 dies
  • 1981-06-17 Battle between Muslims & Christians in Cairo, 14 killed
  • 1981-06-29 Bomb attack on headquarters of Islamic Party in Teheran, 72 killed
  • 1982-02-02 Government troops and Muslim fundamentalists battle in Hamah, Syria
  • 1983-02-22 Hindus kill 3000 Muslims in Assam, India
  • 1983-05-23 Radio Moscow announcer Vladimir Danchev praises Afghanistan Muslims standing up to Russia; he is removed from the air
  • 1984-02-06 Muslim militiamen take over West Beirut from Lebanese army
  • 1985-06-14 Lebanese Shiite Muslim extremists hijacked TWA Flight 847
  • 1985-10-04 Shite Muslims claim to have killed hostage William Buckley
  • 1985-12-28 Warring Lebanese Muslim & Christian leaders sign peace agreement
  • 1987-01-20 Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite taken hostage in Beirut, Lebanon by Islamic militia group

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987-09-16 Pope John Paul II's ends his Los Angeles tour with an interfaith meeting at Dodger Stadium with leaders of Judaism, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Famous Birthdays

  • 0570-04-26 Muhammed, founder of Islam, according to the Shi'a sect. Other sources suggest April 20. Observed according to the Islamic lunar calendar
  • 0580-08-30 Mohammed, Arabic prophet/founder (Islam)
  • 0645-07-23 Yazid I, Sixth caliph of Islam (d. 683)
  • 0702-04-20 Jafar Sadiq, Muslim scholar (d. 765)
  • 0810-07-19 Imam Bukhari, Islamic scholar and compiler of Hadith, born in Bukhara, Khorasan (modern day Iran) (d. 870)
  • 0812-04-12 Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam (d. 835)
  • 0994-11-07 Muhammad ibn Hazm, historian/jurist/author of Islamic Spain
  • 1165-07-28 Ibn al-'Arabi, Muslim mystic/philosopher
  • 1263-01-22 Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1332-05-27 Ibn Khaldūn, North African Islamic scholar, philosopher and historian (Muqaddimah), born in Tunis (d. 1406)

Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian Ibn Khaldūn
Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian
Ibn Khaldūn
  • 1817-10-17 Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim leader, born in Delhi, Mughal Empire
  • 1835-02-13 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
  • 1872-04-14 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-born Islamic scholar and translator (d. 1953)
  • 1885-02-14 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim Indian/Pakistani philosopher (d. 1949)
  • 1885-09-18 Abdul Muslim Mahomayev, composer
  • 1896-10-07 Elijah Muhammad, US, leader of Nation of Islam
  • 1899-05-25 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1899-07-18 Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman)
  • 1899-11-19 Grand Ayatollah Abul-Qassim Khoei, influential Shia Islamic scholar (d. 1992)
  • 1906-10-14 Imam Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949)
  • 1910-06-04 Jacques Berque, Islamic scholar

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1925-05-19 Malcolm X [Little], African American human rights activist and Muslim minister, born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1965)

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
  • 1926-09-09 Yusuf al-Qaradawi, prominent Egypt Muslim cleric
  • 1933-01-17 Aga Khan, religious leader (Muslims)
  • 1933-05-11 Louis Farrakhan, minister (black islam nation, million man march)
  • 1933-07-02 Kalim Siddiqui, islamic campaigner
  • 1934-12-31 Akram Awan, Islamic scholar
  • 1935-02-04 Wallis Mathias, cricketer (1st non-Muslim to play for Pakistan)
  • 1938-08-17 Abu Bakar Bashir, Indonesian Muslim cleric
  • 1939-04-18 Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran
  • 1941-11-25 Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Indian Muslim Sufi, author, spiritual leader (d. 2001)
  • 1948-01-12 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman (d. 2001)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1948-07-21 Cat Stevens [Steven Demetre Georgiou; Yusaf Islam], rock vocalist (Peace Train), born in London, England

Singer and songwriter Cat Stevens
Singer and songwriter
Cat Stevens
  • 1951-02-19 Shaykh-ul-Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri (Db), Pakistani Islamic Sufi Scholar

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1953-06-21 Benazir Bhutto, 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan and 1st female leader of a Muslim nation, born in Karachi, Pakistan (d. 2007)

Pakistani Politican Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani Politican
Benazir Bhutto

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1957-03-10 Osama bin Laden, Islamic militant and founder of al-Qaeda, born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (d. 2011)

Islamic Militant & Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant & Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 1962-08-26 Tariq Ramadan, Geneva, Switzerland, Islamic scholar
  • 1965-01-06 Muhammed al-Ahari, American Muslim writer
  • 1971-07-28 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Leader of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), born in Samarra, Iraq
  • 1984-05-04 Manjural Islam, Bangladeshi test cricket player (d. 2007)

Famous Deaths

  • 0624-03-13 Abu Sufjan becomes Quraish chief and leader of Mecca after loss at Battle of Badr against Muslim forces
  • 0632-06-08 Mohammed, prophet of Islam (Koran), dies (according to tradition)
  • 0634-08-22 Abd Allah Abu Bekr, Arabic merchant/1st kalief of Islam, dies
  • 0644-11-07 Umar ibn al-Khattāb, Second caliph of Islam dies of injuries after assassination attempt 4 days earlier
  • 0644-12-08 Omar I, 2nd Caliph of Islam, murdered
  • 0656-06-17 Osman ibn Affan, 3rd kalief of Islam (644-56) murdered
  • 0661-01-24 Ali ibn Abu Talib, kalief of Islam (656-61), murdered
  • 0743-02-06 Hisham ibn 'Abd al-Malik, 10th Muslim caliph, dies at about 52
  • 0786-09-24 Al-Hadi, Arabic kalief of Islam (185-86), dies
  • 0813-09-25 al-Amin, Arabic kalief of Islam (809-813), murdered
  • 0820-01-20 Muslim jurist Abu Abdallah M ibn Idris al-Sjafi'i, dies
  • 0855-07-31 Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Muslim Jurisprudent (b. 780)
  • 0870-09-01 Imam Bukhari, Islamic scholar and compiler of Hadith, dies at 60
  • 0923-02-16 Abu Dja'far Mohammed Djarir al-Tabari, islamic historian, dies at 83
  • 1030-04-30 Mohammud van Ghazna, Turkish mayor (G'widen)/Islamic ruler, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1406-03-19 Ibn Khaldūn, North African Islamic scholar, philosopher and historian (Muqaddimah), dies at 73

Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian Ibn Khaldūn
Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian
Ibn Khaldūn
  • 1898-03-27 Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual and one of the founding fathers of Pakistan dies at 80
  • 1910-05-29 Mili Alexeyevich Balakirev, Russian composer (Islamej), dies at 73
  • 1920-12-16 Ma, the Benovelent, Chinese muslim rebel (holy war), dies
  • 1931-09-18 Hazrat Babajan, a Baloch Muslim saint (b. c. 1806)
  • 1937-07-28 Abdul Muslim Mahomayev, composer, dies at 51
  • 1949-02-12 Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (b. 1906)
  • 1949-06-19 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim philosopher (b. 1885)
  • 1955-04-16 Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded
  • 1956-07-18 Willem J A Kerncamp, Dut overseas minister (Islam & Woman), dies at 57
  • 1962-09-16 Saif al-Islam Achmad, monarch of Yemen, dies at about 71

MurderAssassination

1965-02-21 Malcolm X [Little], African American human rights activist and Muslim minister, assassinated in New York City at 39

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
  • 1975-02-25 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, dies in Chicago at 77
  • 1976-08-29 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher (b. 1899)
  • 1981-06-28 Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti, Iran Islamic Rep Party founder, bombed
  • 1985-01-18 Mahmoud Taha, Sudanese Muslim leader, hanged at 76
  • 1994-04-25 Talaat Yassin Hamman, militant Muslim leader, shot dead at 32
  • 1994-09-23 Ali Kouider Benyahia, [sheik Boualem], Alg Muslim leader, shot at 26
  • 1994-09-23 Cherif Gousmi, [kalief Abu Abdallah Ahmed], Alger Muslim leader, shot
  • 1995-07-04 Jacques Berque, Islamic scholar, dies at 85
  • 1996-04-18 Kalim Siddiqui, islamic campaigner, dies at 62
  • 2000-05-18 Maulana Yousuf Ludhianvi, Muslim scholar
  • 2001-02-17 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman (b. 1948)
  • 2001-11-25 Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Muslim Sufi, author, spiritual leader (b. 1941)
  • 2003-09-30 Yusuf Bey, Black Muslim leader (b. 1935)
  • 2005-05-12 Martin Lings, English Islamic scholar (b. 1909)
  • 2005-08-08 Ahmed Deedat, Islamic scholar (b. 1918)
  • 2006-01-19 Aoun Al-Sharif Qasim, Sudanese writer and Islamic scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2006-10-24 William Montgomery Watt, Islamic studies scholar, orientalist and historian (b. 1909)
  • 2007-02-01 Ahmad Abu Laban, Danish Muslim leader (b. 1946)
  • 2007-03-16 Manjural Islam, Bangladeshi cricketer (b. 1984)
  • 2009-06-13 Fathi Yakan, Lebanese leader and Muslim cleric (b. 1933)
  • 2009-09-17 Noordin Mohammad Top, Malaysian Islamist terrorist (b. 1968)
  • 2010-07-04 Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, Iraqi-born Lebanese Shiite Muslim cleric and Hezbollah mentor (b. 1935)
  • 2014-07-25 Salah Abu Hassanein, leader of Islamic Jihad's military wing, dies in Israeli airstrike