Today in Islamic History

Historical Events

  • 0610-08-10 In Islam, the traditional date of the Laylat al-Qadr, when Muhammad began to receive the Qur'an.
  • 0624-03-13 Battle of Badr, Muhammad's Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan forces
  • 0637-10-30 Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge.
  • 0641-06-09 Arabic/Islamic army contrasts with the Hippo over Alexandria
  • 0644-11-03 Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina.
  • 0644-12-14 Uthman ibn Affan, companion of Muhammad, appointed 3rd Caliph of Islam
  • 0656-06-17 Ali ibn Abu Talib chosen kalief of Islam
  • 0711-04-30 Islamic conquest of Iberia: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).
  • 0711-07-19 Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic.
  • 0878-05-21 Syracuse is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily.
  • 0920-07-26 Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre and Léon against the Muslims at Pamplona.
  • 1071-08-05 Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes captured/Islam advances through Europe
  • 1071-08-26 Battle of Manzikert, Byzantine Armenia (modern Malazgirt, Turkey). Fought between Byzantine Empire and Seljuq Turks.
  • 1099-07-08 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.
  • 1141-09-08 -9] Battle of Samarkand: Yelutashi defeats Islams

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1191-08-20 Crusader King Richard I kills 3,000 muslim prisoners in Akko

  • 1256-12-15 Hulagu Khan captures and destroys the Hashshashin stronghold at Alamut in present-day Iran as part of the Mongol offensive on Islamic southwest Asia.
  • 1332-02-18 Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.
  • 1480-08-12 Battle of Otranto - Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam.
  • 1666-09-16 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi becomes Islamiet
  • 1825-07-21 Java princess Dipo Negoro/Mangkubumi declare war on all non-islamics
  • 1827-10-01 The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
  • 1828-04-20 René Caillié is first non-Muslim to enter Timbouctou.
  • 1875-12-30 Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms
  • 1887-07-04 The founder of Pakistan, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, joins Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam, Karachi.
  • 1889-03-23 The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
  • 1906-12-30 The All India Muslim League is founded in Dacca, East Bengal, British India Empire, which later laid down the foundations of Pakistan.
  • 1908-05-27 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din iss elected the first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
  • 1916-06-17 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • 1930-11-22 Elijah Muhammad forms Nation of Islam in Detroit
  • 1933-01-28 The name "Pakistan" is coined by Choudhry Rahmat Ali, gradually it is accepted by Muslims in the Indian sub-continent who use it to push for a separate Muslim homeland in South Asia
  • 1940-03-23 The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or the then Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All India Muslim League.
  • 1947-08-15 India gains independence from Great Britain, remains a dominion until 1950
  • 1951-03-20 Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
  • 1953-09-22 Islamic uprising in Atjeh at Indonesia
  • 1953-11-02 Pakistan becomes islamic republic
  • 1955-04-06 Yemen: failed coup by Abdullah Seif el-Islam
  • 1956-02-29 Islamic Republic forms in Pakistan
  • 1956-03-23 Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (Natl Day)
  • 1960-07-31 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state
  • 1960-08-01 Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.
  • 1961-03-27 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
  • 1962-11-16 Kuwait adopts constitution (1st, Islamitic)
  • 1964-01-13 Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1964-03-08 Malcolm X resigns from the Nation of Islam

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
  • 1965-12-06 Pakistan's Islamic Ideology Advisory Committee recommends that Islamic Studies be made a compulsory subject for Muslim students from primary to graduate level.
  • 1974-01-12 Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as "Islamic Arab Republic"

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1974-04-01 Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1979-02-14 In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police.
  • 1979-04-01 Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah
  • 1979-11-21 Crowd at Islamabad, Pakistan attack US embassy, 1 dies
  • 1981-06-29 Bomb attack on headquarters of Islamic Party in Teheran, 72 killed
  • 1983-05-23 Radio Moscow announcer Vladimir Danchev praises Afghanistan Muslims standing up to Russia; he is removed from the air
  • 1985-06-14 Lebanese Shiite Muslim extremists hijacked TWA Flight 847
  • 1989-01-14 1,000 muslims burn Salman Rushdies' "Satanic Verses" in Bradford, England
  • 1989-05-12 Retired Brit pilot Jack Mann is kidnapped by Islamic fundamentalists
  • 1990-08-10 The Massacre of more than 127 Muslims in North East Sri Lanka by paramilitaries.
  • 1990-12-10 Hindu-Muslim rebellion in Hyderabad-Aligargh India, 140 die
  • 1991-01-20 Sudan's government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country's Muslim north and Christian south.
  • 1991-03-31 The Establishment of Islamic Constitutional Movement - Hadas in Kuwait.
  • 1991-12-02 Muslim Shi'ites release American hostage Joseph Cicippio held in Lebanon
  • 1991-12-03 Muslim Shi'ites release US hostage Alan Steen
  • 1991-12-04 Muslim Shi'ites release last US hostage Terry Anderson (held 6½ years)
  • 1992-01-12 Algeria's general elections canceled after strong gains by Islamic Salvation Front in the 1st round
  • 1992-03-17 Islamic Jihad truck bombs Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires killing 29
  • 1993-04-11 450 prisoners rioted at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio, and continued to do so for ten days, citing grievances related to prison conditions, as well as the forced vaccination of Nation of Islam prisoners (for tuberculosis) against their religious beliefs. It was Easter Sunday.
  • 1993-09-24 1st Israeli killed by Islamics after PLO signs peace accord
  • 1994-06-20 Bomb attack on Islamic temple in Mashad Iran (70 killed)
  • 1995-10-26 Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Mossad agents assassinate Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shikaki in his hotel in Malta.
  • 1995-11-19 Suicide bomber blasts into Egyptian embassy in Islamabad, kills 16
  • 1997-04-15 Fire sweeps through a campsite of Muslims making the Hajj pilgrimage; the official death toll is 343.
  • 1997-11-17 In Luxor, Egypt, 62 people are killed by 6 Islamic militants outside the Temple of Hatshepsut, known as Luxor massacre (The police then kill the assailants).
  • 1999-01-04 Gunmen open fire on Shiite Muslims worshipping in an Islamabad mosque, killing 16 people and injuring 25.
  • 2000-01-14 A United Nations tribunal sentences five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years for the 1993 killing of over 100 Muslims in a Bosnian village.
  • 2001-03-05 In Mecca, 35 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death during the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
  • 2002-02-27 Godhra train burning, a Muslim mob kills 59 Hindu pilgrims returning from Ayodhya
  • 2003-08-11 Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • 2003-08-29 Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, is assassinated in a terrorist bombing, along with nearly 100 worshippers as they leave a mosque in Najaf.
  • 2004-03-22 Ahmed Yassin, co-founder and leader of the Palestinian Sunni Islamist militant group Hamas, and bodyguards are killed in the Gaza Strip when hit by Israeli Air Force AH-64 Apache fired Hellfire missiles.
  • 2004-04-02 Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks attempt to bomb the Spanish high-speed train AVE near Madrid. Their attack is thwarted.
  • 2004-04-03 Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.
  • 2004-05-02 Yelwa massacre of more than 630 nomad Muslims by Christians in Nigeria.
  • 2005-10-27 Riots begin in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.
  • 2006-01-12 A stampede during the Stoning the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 Muslim pilgrims.
  • 2007-01-31 Suspects are arrested in Birmingham in the UK, accused of plotting the kidnap, holding and eventual beheading of a serving Muslim British soldier in Iraq.
  • 2009-12-28 43 people die in a suicide bombing in Karachi, Pakistan, where Shia Muslims were observing the Day of Ashura.
  • 2012-04-15 400 Islamist Militants escape from a Pakistan prison after an insurgent attack
  • 2012-06-24 Mohamed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood becomes President of Egypt
  • 2012-09-01 Islamist rebels seize Douentza, Mali
  • 2012-10-12 The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves of an African-led force to oust Islamist militants in northern Mali

Famous Birthdays

  • 0570-04-26 Muhammed, founder of Islam, according to the Shi'a sect. Other sources suggest April 20. Observed according to the Islamic lunar calendar
  • 0580-08-30 Mohammed, Arabic prophet/founder (Islam)
  • 0645-07-23 Yazid I, Sixth caliph of Islam (d. 683)
  • 0702-04-20 Jafar Sadiq, Muslim scholar (d. 765)
  • 0810-07-20 Imam Bukhari, Muslim scholar and compiler of Hadith (d. 870)
  • 0810-07-21 Imam Bukhari, Islamic scholar (d. 870)
  • 0812-04-12 Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam (d. 835)
  • 0994-11-07 Muhammad ibn Hazm, historian/jurist/author of Islamic Spain
  • 1165-07-28 Ibn al-'Arabi, Muslim mystic/philosopher
  • 1263-01-22 Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)
  • 1835-02-13 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
  • 1872-04-14 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-born Islamic scholar and translator (d. 1953)
  • 1885-02-14 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim Indian/Pakistani philosopher (d. 1949)
  • 1885-09-18 Abdul Muslim Mahomayev, composer
  • 1896-10-07 Elijah Muhammad, US, leader of Nation of Islam
  • 1899-05-25 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1899-07-18 Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman)
  • 1899-11-19 Grand Ayatollah Abul-Qassim Khoei, influential Shia Islamic scholar (d. 1992)
  • 1906-10-14 Imam Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949)
  • 1910-06-04 Jacques Berque, Islamic scholar

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1925-05-19 Malcolm X, [Little], [Detroit Red], human rights activist and founder of the Black Muslims, born in Omaha, Nebraska

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
  • 1926-09-09 Yusuf al-Qaradawi, prominent Egypt Muslim cleric
  • 1933-01-17 Aga Khan, religious leader (Muslims)
  • 1933-05-11 Louis Farrakhan, minister (black islam nation, million man march)
  • 1933-07-02 Kalim Siddiqui, islamic campaigner
  • 1934-12-31 Akram Awan, Islamic scholar
  • 1935-02-04 Wallis Mathias, cricketer (1st non-Muslim to play for Pakistan)
  • 1938-08-17 Abu Bakar Bashir, Indonesian Muslim cleric
  • 1939-04-18 Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran
  • 1941-11-25 Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Indian Muslim Sufi, author, spiritual leader (d. 2001)
  • 1948-01-12 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman (d. 2001)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1948-07-21 Cat Stevens [Steven Demetre Georgiou; Yusaf Islam], rock vocalist (Peace Train), born in London, England

Singer and songwriter Cat Stevens
Singer and songwriter
Cat Stevens
  • 1951-02-19 Shaykh-ul-Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri (Db), Pakistani Islamic Sufi Scholar

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1957-03-10 Osama bin Laden, Riyadh Saudi Arabia, Islamic militant and founder of al-Qaeda

Islamic Militant & Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant & Terrorist
Osama bin Laden
  • 1962-08-26 Tariq Ramadan, Geneva, Switzerland, Islamic scholar
  • 1965-01-06 Muhammed al-Ahari, American Muslim writer
  • 1984-05-04 Manjural Islam, Bangladeshi test cricket player (d. 2007)

Famous Deaths

  • 0624-03-13 Abu Sufjan becomes Quraish chief and leader of Mecca after loss at Battle of Badr against Muslim forces
  • 0632-06-08 Mohammed, prophet of Islam (Koran), dies (according to tradition)
  • 0634-08-22 Abd Allah Abu Bekr, Arabic merchant/1st kalief of Islam, dies
  • 0644-11-07 Umar ibn al-Khattāb, Second caliph of Islam dies of injuries after assassination attempt 4 days earlier
  • 0644-12-08 Omar I, 2nd Caliph of Islam, murdered
  • 0656-06-17 Osman ibn Affan, 3rd kalief of Islam (644-56) murdered
  • 0661-01-24 Ali ibn Abu Talib, kalief of Islam (656-61), murdered
  • 0786-09-24 Al-Hadi, Arabic kalief of Islam (185-86), dies
  • 0813-09-25 al-Amin, Arabic kalief of Islam (809-813), murdered
  • 0820-01-20 Muslim jurist Abu Abdallah M ibn Idris al-Sjafi'i, dies
  • 0855-07-31 Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Muslim Jurisprudent (b. 780)
  • 0923-02-16 Abu Dja'far Mohammed Djarir al-Tabari, islamic historian, dies at 83
  • 1030-04-30 Mohammud van Ghazna, Turkish mayor (G'widen)/Islamic ruler, dies
  • 1898-03-27 Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual and one of the founding fathers of Pakistan dies at 80
  • 1910-05-29 Mili Alexeyevich Balakirev, Russian composer (Islamej), dies at 73
  • 1920-12-16 Ma, the Benovelent, Chinese muslim rebel (holy war), dies
  • 1931-09-18 Hazrat Babajan, a Baloch Muslim saint (b. c. 1806)
  • 1937-07-28 Abdul Muslim Mahomayev, composer, dies at 51
  • 1949-02-12 Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (b. 1906)
  • 1949-06-19 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Prominent Muslim philosopher (b. 1885)
  • 1955-04-16 Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded
  • 1956-07-18 Willem J A Kerncamp, Dut overseas minister (Islam & Woman), dies at 57
  • 1962-09-16 Saif al-Islam Achmad, monarch of Yemen, dies at about 71
  • 1975-02-25 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, dies in Chicago at 77
  • 1976-08-29 Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet, musician, revolutionary and philosopher (b. 1899)
  • 1981-06-28 Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti, Iran Islamic Rep Party founder, bombed
  • 1995-07-04 Jacques Berque, Islamic scholar, dies at 85
  • 1996-04-18 Kalim Siddiqui, islamic campaigner, dies at 62
  • 2000-05-18 Maulana Yousuf Ludhianvi, Muslim scholar
  • 2001-02-17 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman (b. 1948)
  • 2001-11-25 Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, Muslim Sufi, author, spiritual leader (b. 1941)
  • 2003-09-30 Yusuf Bey, Black Muslim leader (b. 1935)
  • 2005-05-12 Martin Lings, English Islamic scholar (b. 1909)
  • 2005-08-08 Ahmed Deedat, Islamic scholar (b. 1918)
  • 2006-01-19 Aoun Al-Sharif Qasim, Sudanese writer and Islamic scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2006-10-24 William Montgomery Watt, Islamic studies scholar, orientalist and historian (b. 1909)
  • 2007-02-01 Ahmad Abu Laban, Danish Muslim leader (b. 1946)
  • 2007-03-16 Manjural Islam, Bangladeshi cricketer (b. 1984)
  • 2009-06-13 Fathi Yakan, Lebanese leader and Muslim cleric (b. 1933)
  • 2009-09-17 Noordin Mohammad Top, Malaysian Islamist terrorist (b. 1968)
  • 2010-07-04 Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah, Iraqi-born Lebanese Shiite Muslim cleric and Hezbollah mentor (b. 1935)