Science History

Historical Events

  • 1564-12-31 Willem van Orange demands freedom of conscience/religion
  • 1607-06-30 Annales Ecclesiastici (Scientific History of Catholicism) published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1724-01-28 The Russian Academy of Sciences was founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great, and implemented in the Senate decree. It was called St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences until 1917.

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1743-11-05 Coordinated scientific observations of the transit of Mercury were organized by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780-05-04 American Academy of Arts & Science founded in Boston, James Bowdoin, John and Samuel Adams founding members

US Revolutionary Samuel Adams
US Revolutionary
Samuel Adams
  • 1799-03-07 The Royal Institution of Great Britain founded; dedicated to scientific research and education.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1820-05-11 Launch of HMS Beagle, the ship that took young Charles Darwin on his scientific voyage.

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1839-01-09 Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science
  • 1845-08-28 Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue.
  • 1848-09-20 The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863-03-03 Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867-05-20 Royal Albert Hall of Arts & Sciences foundation laid by Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1874-06-22 Dr Andrew T Still, discovers the science of osteopathy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877-12-07 Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American"

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1889-12-14 American Academy of Political & Social Science organized, Phila
  • 1894-08-14 Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge demonstrates wireless telegraphy (radio) using Morse code at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science at Oxford University
  • 1895-06-20 1st female PhD from an American University, earned by Caroline Willard Baldwin (in Science) at Cornell University
  • 1898-06-30 Winton Motor Carriage Company publishes the first known automobile ad in Scientific American using the headline “dispense with a horse.”
  • 1899-01-28 American Social Science Association incorporated by Congress
  • 1903-12-30 American Political Science Association founded at New Orleans
  • 1906-01-13 1st radio set advertised (Telimco for $7.50 in Scientific American) claimed to receive signals up to one mile
  • 1914-02-26 New York Museum of Science & Industry incorporated
  • 1920-04-26 Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold "great debate" on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
  • 1924-01-12 History of Science Society organized at Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925-11-09 Robert A. Millikan confirms the existence of cosmic rays from outer space in a speech to the National Academy of Sciences at Madison, Wisconsin

  • 1927-05-11 Louis B Mayer forms Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences
  • 1932-11-24 In Washington, D.C., the FBI Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory (better known as the FBI Crime Lab) officially opens.
  • 1934-01-13 The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
  • 1946-11-04 UN Educational, Scientific, & Cultural Organization formed
  • 1948-02-05 "Nature of Things" science show premieres on NBC prime time
  • 1954-09-03 The German U-Boat U-505 began its move from a specially constructed dock to its final site at Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry.
  • 1959-06-23 Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific career).
  • 1959-12-01 12 nations sign treaty for scientific peaceful use of Antarctica
  • 1961-06-23 The Antarctic Treaty, ensuring that Antarctica is used for peaceful purposes; for international cooperation in scientific research; and does not become the scene or object of international discord, comes into force
  • 1962-10-22 Pacific Science Center opens at Seattle Center
  • 1972-02-01 1st scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) introduced ($395)
  • 1983-05-14 "She Blinded Me with Science" by Thomas Dolby hits #5
  • 1983-12-23 Journal Science publishes 1st report on nuclear winter
  • 1988-01-08 Hewlett-Packard introduces HP-28S Advanced Scientific Calculator
  • 1988-11-11 Oldest known insect fossils (390 million yrs) reported in Science
  • 1993-06-24 Yale computer science professor Dr. David Gelernter loses the sight in one eye, the hearing in one ear, and part of his right hand after receiving a mailbomb from the Unabomber.
  • 2008-09-10 The Large Hadron Collider at CERN, described as the biggest scientific experiment in the history of mankind is powered up in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 2012-07-05 South Korea announce plans to begin "scientific' whaling of minke whales
  • 2013-01-30 South Korea successfully launches its rocket Naro-1 which was carrying a scientific satellite
  • 2013-10-14 Eugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen, and Robert Shiller win the 2013  Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for their work on asset prices
  • 2015-08-17 World's first flower could be underwater plant Montsechia Vidalii claim US botanists (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
  • 2015-11-20 More than half of all trees in Amazon forest at risk of extinction according to data published in journal "Sciences Advances"

Famous Birthdays

  • 1585-03-13 Federico Cesi, Italian Naturalist and founder of the first modern scientific society, the Accademia dei Lincei, 1603, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1620-04-24 John Graunt, statistician, founder of science of demography
  • 1708-10-16 Albrecht von Haller, Switz, experimental physiology (Acad of Science)
  • 1773-12-27 George Cayley, England, found science of aerodynamics
  • 1774-11-24 Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (d. 1857)
  • 1779-08-07 Carl Ritter, co-founder of modern science of geography
  • 1794-05-24 William Whewell, British philosopher (History of Inductive Science)
  • 1815-08-04 Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, Sulz am Neckar, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821-07-16 Mary Baker Eddy, American founder of Christian Science (Science & Health), born in Bow, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy
  • 1824-03-02 Konstantin Ushinsky, Russian educationalist, credited as the founder of scientific pedagogy in Russia
  • 1824-06-02 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, born in London, England
  • 1831-09-13 Andrew Noble, Greenock, Scottish Physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics
  • 1836-11-06 Francis Ellingwood Abbot, theologian (Scientific Theism), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1843-10-22 Stephen Babcock, Oneida County New York, American Agricultural Chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856-03-20 Frederick Winslow Taylor, American mechanical engineer and the father of scientific management, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1915)

Mechanical Engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor
Mechanical Engineer
Frederick Winslow Taylor
  • 1868-05-19 John Fillmore Hayford, Rouses Point New York, American Geodesist who established the theory of isostasy and founded the modern science of geodesy (precise measurements of the shape of the earth)
  • 1868-08-22 Willis Rodney Whitney, Jamestown New York, American Chemist, founder of the General Electric research laboratory, and pioneer of industrial scientific research
  • 1871-11-09 Florence Sabin, American Scientist who was the first woman to graduate from Johns Hopkins and the first lifetime woman member of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 1876-09-26 Edith Abbott, dean (University of Chicago Social Sciences)
  • 1882-12-10 Otto Neurath, Aust/British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences)
  • 1883-07-03 Alfred Korzybski, Poland, scientist (Science & Sanity)
  • 1886-01-08 Noble Drew Ali, [Timothy Drew], NC, prophet (Moorish Science Temple)
  • 1896-06-18 Blanche Sweet, actress (Home Sweet Home, Avenging Conscience), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1901-04-05 Chester Bowles, Mass, ambassador/writer (Conscience of a Liberal)
  • 1902-04-04 Stanley G. Weinbaum, American science-fiction author (d. 1935)
  • 1907-04-04 Nathan M Pusey, Iowa, educator (National Ass for Social Sciences-1963)
  • 1908-01-18 Jacob Bronowski, Polish-born British mathematician and science writer best known as the presenter of the BBC television series, The Ascent of Man, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1974)
  • 1914-10-21 Martin Gardner, Scientific American math & puzzles columnist
  • 1915-11-04 Alistair Cameron Crombie, historian of science
  • 1917-05-28 Barry Commoner, biologist (Science & Survival), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1920-11-05 Douglass North, American economist, (Nobel Prize Economic Sciences 1993), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2015)
  • 1921-04-26 Margaret Gowing, professor (history, science)
  • 1921-07-12 Trevor Illtyd Williams, scientific writer
  • 1921-07-16 Trevor Williams, scientific consultant
  • 1925-03-22 Colin Spedding, CEO (Council of Science & Technology Institutes)
  • 1925-11-27 John Maddox, British science writer and editor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1927-01-01 Vernon L. Smith, American economist (Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences)

Economist Vernon L. Smith
Economist
Vernon L. Smith
  • 1928-01-31 Eric Ash, rector (Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine)
  • 1929-03-21 Jules Verne Berman, space & science reporter (ABC-TV)
  • 1930-08-23 John Fairclough, British scientific adviser
  • 1931-02-01 Mark Richmond, CEO (Science & Engineering Research Council)
  • 1931-03-20 John Rae, British educator (Conscience & Politics)
  • 1934-03-27 David Hancock, secretary (British Department of Education & Science)
  • 1936-11-05 Michael Dertouzos, Greek internet pioneer, Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Director of the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science (d. 2001)
  • 1943-05-22 Gesine Schwan, German politician and science professor
  • 1943-08-02 Max Wright, actor (Buffalo Bill, Alf, Misfits of Science), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1944-07-20 Wim Van Drimmelen, Dutch sect Science Council of Government policy
  • 1950-01-18 John Hughes, director (Breakfast Club, 16 Candles, Weird Science)
  • 1951-11-17 Dean Paul Martin, actor (Billy-Misfits of Science), born in Santa Monica, California
  • 1955-05-09 Kevin Peter Hall, actor (Misfits of Science), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1955-11-27 Bill Nye, the Science Guy, TV Host
  • 1958-02-07 Matt Ridley, British science writer
  • 1958-10-14 Thomas Dolby, Cairo Egypt, rock vocalist (She Blinded Me With Science)
  • 1960-03-24 Kelly LeBrock, actress (Weird Science, Woman in Red), born in NYC, New York
  • 1960-10-23 Randy Pausch, American computer science professor, author
  • 1963-11-27 Fisher Stevens, actor (My Science Project, Short Circuit), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1964-02-12 Raphael Sbarge, actor (Risky Business, My Science Project, Werewolf)
  • 1966-11-10 Vanessa Angel, actress (Weird Science, Kingpin), born in London, England

Famous Weddings

  • 1827-01-04 Naturalist and entomologist Thomas Say (39) secretly weds natural science illustrator Lucy Way Sistare (26)

HeartWedding of Interest

1956-01-28 Science student later astronaut Neil Armstrong marries fellow student Janet Elizabeth Shearon in Wilmette, Illinois

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 2006-02-03 "The Science Guy" Bill Nye (50) weds author/oboist Blair Tindall at Skirball Cultural Center in Los Angeles

Famous Deaths

  • 1630-08-01 Federico Cesi, Italian Naturalist and founder of the first modern scientific society, the Accademia dei Lincei, dies at 45

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1703-03-03 Robert Hooke, scientific genius, dies in London aged 67

Scientist Robert Hooke
Scientist
Robert Hooke
  • 1857-07-29 Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (b. 1774)
  • 1866-03-06 William Whewell, English scientist, philosopher, and historian of science (b. 1794)
  • 1872-11-28 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British scientific writer (b. 1780)
  • 1877-09-25 Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine, dies at 62
  • 1903-10-23 Francis Ellingwood Abbot, theologian (Scientific Theism), dies at 66

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910-12-03 Mary Baker Eddy, founder (Christian Science (Monitor)), dies at 89

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy
  • 1911-11-08 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, dies at 87
  • 1915-10-22 Andrew Noble, Scottish Physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics, dies at 84
  • 1925-03-10 John Fillmore Hayford, American Geodesist (theory of isostasy, geodesy science), dies at 56
  • 1931-07-02 Stephen Babcock, American Agricultural Chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying), dies at 87
  • 1958-01-09 Willis Rodney Whitney, American Chemist, founder of the General Electric research laboratory, and pioneer of industrial scientific research, dies at 89
  • 1969-06-24 Willey Ley, US science writer, dies at 62
  • 1974-08-22 Jacob Bronowski, Polish-born British mathematician and science writer best known as the presenter of the BBC television series, The Ascent of Man, dies of a heart attack at 66
  • 1976-06-21 Margaret Herrick, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences director (b. 1902)
  • 1987-03-21 Dean Paul Martin, actor (Billy-Misfits of Science), dies at 35
  • 1991-10-28 Dudley McConnell, headed NASA's Earth Science Division, dies
  • 1996-02-09 Alistair Cameron Crombie, historian of science, dies at 80
  • 1996-06-17 Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (b. 1922)
  • 1996-10-12 Trevor Illtyd williams, scientific writer, dies at 75
  • 1997-02-02 Chico Science Francisco Franca, musician, dies at 40
  • 1997-05-26 Manfred Von Ardenne, German scientific pioneer, dies at 90
  • 2001-08-27 Michael Dertouzos, Greek internet pioneer, Director of the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science (b. 1936)
  • 2007-04-16 Liviu Librescu, American Jewish-Romanian professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics (b. 1930)
  • 2008-03-05 Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American professor of computer science (b.1923)
  • 2008-07-25 Randy Pausch, American professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University, known for his "Last Lecture" (b. 1960)
  • 2015-05-24 Tanith Lee, British Science-fiction author (The Flat-Earth Cycle), dies of cancer at 67
  • 2015-11-23 Douglass North, American economist, (Nobel Prize Economic Sciences 1993), dies at 95