Astronomers in History (Part 2)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 223

  • 1808-06-10 Friedrich Kaiser, Dutch astronomer (Kaiser compass-card)
  • 1809-04-04 Benjamin Pierce, US mathematician/astronomer
  • 1809-07-28 Ormsby McKnight Mitchel, astronomer, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1812-06-09 Johann G Galle, German astronomer (discovered Neptune)
  • 1818-08-01 Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer on Nantucket Island
  • 1819-01-03 Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1819-06-05 John Couch Adams, English astronomer (co-discover Neptune)
  • 1823-06-21 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (d. 1873)
  • 1824-02-22 Pierre Janssen, French astronomer (d. 1907)
  • 1827-12-16 John A C Oudemans, Dutch geographer/astronomer
  • 1832-07-10 Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (d. 1897)
  • 1834-08-22 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer (d. 1906)
  • 1835-03-04 Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italy, astronomer (discovered canals of Mars)
  • 1835-03-12 Simon Newcomb, US, scientist/mathematician/astronomer
  • 1835-03-14 Giovanni V Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (Mars) [or March 4]
  • 1838-03-03 George William Hill, US astronomer (calculated Moon's orbit)
  • 1838-12-12 Sherburne W Burnham, US, astronomer (binary stars)
  • 1840-07-01 Robert S Ball, Irish mathematician/astronomer
  • 1845-01-13 Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer (d. 1896)
  • 1846-04-28 Johann E Backlund, Swedish astronomer (planets/asteroids)
  • 1846-06-19 Antonio Abetti, Italian astronomer (d. 1928)
  • 1847-08-23 Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer (d. 1927)
  • 1848-02-14 Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (d. 1934)
  • 1850-04-13 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British astronomer (d. 1917)
  • 1851-01-19 Johannes C Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer
  • 1851-04-06 Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (d. 1932)
  • 1852-02-13 Johan L E Dreyer, Danish astronomer (New gen catalogue of nebulae)
  • 1854-04-29 Henri Poincaré, France, mathematician/astronomer/philosopher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1855-03-13 Percival "Percy" Lowell, American astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1916)

Astronomer Percival Lowell
Astronomer
Percival Lowell
  • 1857-05-15 Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (d. 1911)
  • 1857-09-10 James E Keeler, US, astronomer (rings of Saturn)
  • 1857-12-16 Edward Emerson Barnard, Tenn, astronomer (Jupiter's 5th satellite)
  • 1858-02-15 William Pickering, astronomer (9th & 10th moons of Saturn), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1938)
  • 1861-11-10 Robert T A Innes, astronomer (Proxima Centauri), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1862-04-11 William W Campbell, US astronomer/director Lick Observatory
  • 1863-06-21 Max Wolf, German astronomer (d. 1932)
  • 1864-05-29 A H Borgesius, Dutch amateur astronomer
  • 1864-12-31 Robert G Aitken, US astronomer (Binary Stars)
  • 1865-01-05 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (d. 1920)
  • 1865-11-17 John S Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins)
  • 1866-03-21 Antonia Caetana de Paiva Pereira Maury, astronomer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1867-07-05 A. E. Douglass, American astronomer and inventor of dendrochronology (tree-ring dating), born in Windsor, Vermont (d. 1962)

Archaeologist and astronomer A. E. Douglass
Archaeologist and astronomer
A. E. Douglass
  • 1867-07-28 Charles Dillon Perrine, American-born astronomer (d. 1951)
  • 1868-06-29 George Ellery Hale, American astronomer (d. 1938)
  • 1868-07-04 Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer (d. 1921)
  • 1871-01-12 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer
  • 1871-05-11 Frank Schlesinger, American astronomer (d. 1943)
  • 1872-05-31 Charles G Abbot, US, astronomer (Constant Sun)
  • 1873-01-02 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
  • 1873-10-08 Ejnar Hertzsprung, Denmark, astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)
  • 1873-10-09 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (Schwarzschild effect)
  • 1875-11-11 Vesto Slipher, Mulberry Indiana, American Astronomer who provided the first evidence to support the expanding-universe theory
  • 1876-12-20 Walter S Adams, US astronomer/director of Mount Wilson (1923-46)
  • 1877-09-11 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), born in Southport, Lancashire (d. 1946)
  • 1877-10-25 Henry Norris Russell, astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)
  • 1879-05-28 Milutin Milankovic, Yugoslavian astronomer/meteorologist
  • 1879-06-07 Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer (d. 1963)
  • 1880-07-21 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (d. 1919)
  • 1882-10-05 Giorgio Abetti, Italian astronomer (Solar physics)
  • 1884-01-28 Lucien H d'Azambuja, France, astronomer (chromosome of sun)
  • 1884-03-31 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (d. 1946)
  • 1885-05-29 Erwin F Finlay-Freundlich, British astronomer (theory of relativity)
  • 1885-11-02 Harlow Shapley, US, astronomer (studied the galaxies)
  • 1888-04-26 Aleksandr Mikhailov, USSR, astronomer
  • 1888-06-16 Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1980)
  • 1889-06-20 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer (d. 1951)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1889-11-20 Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (discoverer of galaxies, red shift) born in Marshfield, Missouri (d. 1953)

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • 1890-03-29 Harold Spencer Jones, English Astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun, born in London, England
  • 1890-04-06 Andre L Danjon, French astronomer
  • 1891-04-22 Harold Jeffreys, English astronomer (d. 1989)
  • 1891-11-12 Seth Barnes Nicholson, Springfield Illinois, American astronomer who discovered four satellites of Jupiter
  • 1893-02-12 Marcel G J Minnaert, Dutch astronomer
  • 1893-05-24 W H Walter Baade, German/US astronomer (Andromeda)
  • 1893-08-15 Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer and computing pioneer (d. 1950)
  • 1893-10-23 Ernest Julius Öpik, Kunda, Estonian Astronomer and Astrophysicist known for his studies of meteors and the structure and evolution of the cosmos
  • 1895-11-26 Bertil Lindblad, Swedish astronomer (Milky Way system)
  • 1897-02-27 Bernard F Lyot, French astronomer (Lyot filter)
  • 1897-11-22 Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer (d. 1989)
  • 1898-02-14 Fritz Zwicky, Swiss astronomer (supernova, dark matter)
  • 1898-12-21 Ira S Bowen, US physicist/astronomer (Mt Wilson/Palomar)
  • 1900-04-28 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud")
  • 1900-05-05 Mervyn A Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope)
  • 1903-12-28 John von Neumann, mathematician/astronomer (Bocher Award 1938)
  • 1904-06-26 Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer (d. 1951)
  • 1904-12-28 Clabon W Allen, Australian/British astronomer
  • 1905-12-07 Gerard Kuiper, Dutch/US astronomer (moons of Uranus, Neptune)
  • 1906-02-04 Clyde William Tombaugh, US, astronomer (discovered Pluto)
  • 1906-03-20 Pavel P Parenago, Russian astronomer
  • 1906-04-28 Bartholomeus J "Bart" Bok, Dutch/US astronomer (Milky Way)
  • 1906-06-17 Thomas G Cowling, British mathematician/astronomer
  • 1906-11-05 Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (d. 2004)
  • 1907-03-12 Dorrit Hoffleit, American astronomer (d. 2007)
  • 1908-09-18 Viktor A Ambartsoemjan, Russian astronomer (Stalin Prize 1946, 50)
  • 1909-07-20 Jean Focas, Greco-French astronomer (d. 1969)
  • 1911-12-22 Grote Reber, US, astronomer (1st parabolic radio telescope)
  • 1912-03-06 Madge Adam, astronomer
  • 1912-05-31 Martin Schwarzschild, US astronomer (evolution)
  • 1912-08-11 Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (d. 1954)
  • 1913-08-31 Sir Bernard Lovell, Bristol England, radio astronomer, founded Jodrell Bank Observatory, (d. 2012)
  • 1918-04-25 Gerard Henri de Vaucouleurs, French astronomer (d. 1995)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 209

  • 1850-03-27 Wilhelm Bear, German banker/astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
  • 1853-10-02 D Francois J Arago, French astronomer/physicist (chromosome), dies
  • 1859-09-19 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator, dies at 55
  • 1862-02-03 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist/astronomer, dies at 87
  • 1862-10-30 Ormsby Mcknight Mitchel, US astronomer, Union Major General, dies at 53
  • 1863-04-10 Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77
  • 1865-08-26 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Comet Encke), dies at 73
  • 1868-09-26 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1790)
  • 1871-05-12 John F W Herschel, British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae), dies
  • 1872-07-28 Friedrich Kaiser, astronomer (Kaiser-Compass), dies
  • 1872-10-21 Jacques Babinet, French physicist/mathematician/astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1873-09-23 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (b. 1823)
  • 1874-02-17 [Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet, Belgium astronomer/sociologist, dies at 77
  • 1874-03-28 Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish astronomer (b. 1795)
  • 1880-05-03 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, dies at 60
  • 1880-10-04 William Lassell, English astronomer (1st moon of Neptune), dies
  • 1880-10-06 Benjamin Pierce, US mathematician/astronomer, dies
  • 1883-05-26 Edward Sabine, Irish astronomer (b. 1788)
  • 1887-08-19 Alvan Clark, American Astronomer and telescope maker, dies at 83
  • 1889-04-19 Warren De La Rue, astronomer/chemist, dies
  • 1889-06-28 Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer (Vassar), dies at 70
  • 1892-01-02 George B Airy, English astronomer/writer, dies at 90
  • 1896-10-20 Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer, dies at 51
  • 1897-06-09 Alvan Graham Clark, American Astronomer (Sirius B), dies 3 weeks after 1st use of Yerkes 40" lens at 64
  • 1900-08-12 James E Keeler, US astronomer (rings of Saturn), dies at 42
  • 1906-02-27 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, dies at 71
  • 1906-12-14 John A C Oudemans, Dutch geographer/astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1910-03-26 Auguste Charlois, French astronomer (b. 1864)
  • 1910-07-04 Giovanni V Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (Mars), dies at 75
  • 1910-08-29 Johann O Backlund, Swedish astronomer, dies at 64
  • 1911-05-21 Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (b. 1857)
  • 1913-11-25 Robert S Ball, Irish mathematician/astronomer (Ball Screw), dies
  • 1914-04-16 George W Hill, US astronomer (moon orbit), dies at 76
  • 1916-05-11 Karl Schwarzschild, German astronomer (s-effect), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916-11-12 Percival Lowell, American amateur astronomer, founder of Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona (b. 1855)

Astronomer Percival Lowell
Astronomer
Percival Lowell
  • 1919-05-04 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (b. 1880)
  • 1920-03-11 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)
  • 1921-03-11 Sherburne W Burnham, US astronomer (binary stars), dies at 83
  • 1922-06-18 John C Kapteyn, astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1922-06-19 Johannes C Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer, dies at 71
  • 1923-02-06 Edward E Barnard, US astronomer (5th moon Jupiter), dies at 65
  • 1926-09-14 Johan LE Dreyer, Danish astronomer (Catalog of Nebulae), dies at 74
  • 1927-09-12 Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer (b. 1847)
  • 1932-02-28 Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (b. 1851)
  • 1934-07-08 Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (b. 1848)
  • 1935-05-25 Sir Frank Watson Dyson, English astronomer (b. 1868)
  • 1936-12-31 William FA Ellison, Irish clergyman/astronomer, dies at 72
  • 1938-01-17 William Pickering, American astronomer (predicted Pluto), dies at 79
  • 1938-02-21 George Ellery Hale, astronomer, dies
  • 1938-06-14 William W Campbell, US astronomer (Stellar Motions), dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941-04-13 Annie Jump Cannon, US astronomer (Henry Draper catalogues), dies at 77

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
Annie Jump Cannon
  • 1941-05-27 AH Borgesius, tutor/experimentator/amateur astronomer, dies at 76
  • 1941-10-17 John S Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins), dies
  • 1944-02-10 Eugène Michel Antoniadi, Greek astronomer, a crater on Mars and the Antoniadi crater on the Moon were named in his honor (b. 1870)
  • 1946-01-26 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (b. 1884)
  • 1946-09-16 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), dies at 69
  • 1947-09-06 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer, dies at 76
  • 1950-12-11 Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer (b. 1893)
  • 1951-03-15 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-born astronomer (b. 1889)
  • 1951-06-21 Charles Dillon Perrine, American astronomer (b. 1867)
  • 1951-10-29 Robert G Aitken, US astronomer (New General Catalogue), dies at 86
  • 1952-04-02 Bernard F Lyot, Fren astronomer (chronograph, Lyot-filter), dies at 55

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1953-09-28 Edwin Hubble, American astronomer, first to announce existence of other galaxies, dies at 63

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • 1954-03-09 Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (b. 1912)
  • 1956-05-11 Walter S Adams, US astronomer/director of Mount Wilson, dies at 79
  • 1957-02-08 John Von Neumann, astronomer, dies at 53
  • 1960-04-03 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist, dies at 87
  • 1960-04-28 Anton Pancake, astronomer/marxist theorist, dies at 87
  • 1960-06-25 WH Walter Baade, German/US astronomer (Andromeda), dies at 67
  • 1960-11-03 Harold Spencer Jones, London, English Astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1962-03-20 A. E. Douglass, American astronomer and inventor of dendrochronology (tree-ring dating) dies at 94

Archaeologist and astronomer A. E. Douglass
Archaeologist and astronomer
A. E. Douglass
  • 1963-04-06 Otto Struve, Russian-born astronomer (b. 1897)
  • 1963-07-02 Seth Barnes Nicholson, American astronomer who discovered four satellites of Jupiter, dies at 71
  • 1963-08-20 Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer (b. 1879)
  • 1963-09-12 Mervyn A Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), dies at 63
  • 1964-07-24 Erwin F Finlay-Freundlich, British astronomer, dies
  • 1967-04-21 Andre L Danjon, French astronomer, dies at 77
  • 1969-01-03 Jean Focas, Greco-French astronomer (b. 1909)
  • 1969-11-08 Vesto Slipher, American Astronomer who provided the first evidence to support the expanding-universe theory
  • 1970-07-18 Lucien H d'Azambuja, Fren astronomer (chromosphere of Sun), dies at 86
  • 1972-10-20 Harlow Shapley, astronomer (Sun's position in galaxy), dies at 86
  • 1973-02-06 Ira S Bowen, US physicist/astronomer (Mt Wilson/Palomar), dies at 74
  • 1973-12-17 Charles G Abbot, US astronomer (Sun Constant), dies at 101
  • 1973-12-24 Gerard Kuiper, Dutch/US astronomer after whom the Kuiper belt is named, dies at 68
  • 1974-02-08 Fritz Zwicky, Swiss/US astronomer (supernova, dark matter), dies at 75
  • 1980-03-21 Peter Stoner, American mathematician, astronomer and Christian apologist (b. 1888)
  • 1984-10-14 Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (b. 1918)
  • 1985-09-10 Ernest Julius Öpik, Estonian astronomer and astrophysicist known for his studies of meteors and the structure and evolution of the cosmos, dies at 91
  • 1989-02-27 Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer (b. 1897)
  • 1990-08-26 Minoru Honda, Japanese astronomer (b. 1913)
  • 1992-02-21 Franc Holden, British astronomer (Binary Stars), dies
  • 1992-09-21 Hans Rosenberg, astronomer/alderman of Utrecht, dies
  • 1992-11-05 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (Oort Cloud), dies at 92
  • 1997-07-18 Eugene Shoemaker, astronomer (Shoemaker-Levy comet), dies at 69
  • 2000-07-31 Hendrik Christoffel Van de Hulst, Dutch Astronomer, dies at 81
  • 2001-08-20 Sir Fred Hoyle, English astronomer and science fiction writer (b. 1915)
  • 2002-01-16 Robert Hanbury Brown, British-Australian astronomer and physicist (b. 1916)
  • 2002-09-05 David Todd Wilkinson, American astronomer, author of the first study of the Cosmic microwave background radiation (b. 1935)
  • 2004-05-26 Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh, Russian astronomer (b. 1931)
  • 2004-08-30 Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (b. 1906)