Chemistry History

Historical Events

  • 1915-11-12 Theodore W Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in chemistry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922-11-09 Frederick Soddy wins the 1921 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (announced in 1922 due to a technicality)

Nobel Laureate Chemist Frederick Soddy
Nobel Laureate Chemist
Frederick Soddy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922-12-10 Nobel prizes awarded to Niels Bohr (Physics), Francis William Aston (Chemistry) and Fridtjof Nansen (Peace)

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat
Fridtjof Nansen
  • 1934-11-15 Nobel for chemistry awarded to Harold C Urey (deuterium)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935-12-10 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Irene Joliot-Curie (daughter of Marie Curie) and her husband Frédéric Joliot for the discovery of artificial radioactivity

Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist/Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie
  • 1936-12-10 Stockholm: physicist PBJ Debije receives Nobel prize for chemistry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954-12-10 Linus Pauling wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960-12-10 Willard Libby wins the Nobel prize in Chemistry for his work developing carbon-14 dating (radiocarbon dating).

Chemist Willard Libby
Chemist
Willard Libby

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963-12-10 Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta receive the 1963 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work on the technology of high polymers

Chemist/Nobel Laureate Karl Ziegler
Chemist/Nobel Laureate
Karl Ziegler
  • 1965-10-21 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Robert B Woodward
  • 1966-12-10 Nobel for chemistry awarded to Robert S. Mulliken
  • 1968-10-30 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Lars Onsager (thermodynamics)
  • 1974-10-15 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Paul J Flory (macro molecules)
  • 1976-10-18 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to American William Lipscomb
  • 1984-10-17 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Bruce Merrifield
  • 1985-10-16 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Herbert Hauptman & Jerome Karle
  • 1988-10-19 3 Americans win Nobel in physics; 3 W Germans win chemistry Nobel
  • 1993-10-13 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Kary Mullis & Michael Smith

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2003-10-08 Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon win the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes

Molecular biologist Peter Agre
Molecular biologist
Peter Agre

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012-10-10 Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka win the 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for work on G protein-coupled receptors

Physician-scientist Robert Lefkowitz
Physician-scientist
Robert Lefkowitz
Professor Brian Kobilka
Professor
Brian Kobilka
  • 2013-10-09 Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel win the 2013 Nobel Prize in chemistry for their work on multiscale models for complex chemical systems
  • 2014-10-08 Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell and William Moerner win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy
  • 2015-10-07 Nobel prize in Chemistry awarded to Tomas Lindahl (Sweden), Paul Modrich (US) and Aziz Sancar (Turkey) for work on cells DNA repair

Famous Birthdays

  • 1743-08-26 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), born in Paris, France (d. 1794)
  • 1805-12-21 Thomas Graham, British chemist and father of colloid chemistry (d. 1869)
  • 1817-10-30 Hermann Kopp, German chemist (Jahresbericht of Chemistry)
  • 1833-01-07 Henry Enfield Roscoe, English Chemist (vanadium and photochemistry), born in London, England
  • 1860-03-31 Isidor Traube, Hildesheim Hanover, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids)
  • 1881-11-16 Joel H. Hildebrand, Camden New Jersey, American Chemist and Educator whose work on the chemistry of solutions helped treat divers with the 'bends' through the introduction of helium and oxygen breathing mixtures
  • 1881-12-31 Colin G Fink, US chemist (electro chemistry)
  • 1887-11-19 James B. Sumner, American chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate (d. 1955)
  • 1894-06-20 Lloyd A Hall, Illinois, pioneer in food chemistry

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1897-09-12 Irene Joliot-Curie, French physicist, (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1935), born in Paris, France (d. 1956), daughter of Marie Curie

Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist/Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie
  • 1914-05-19 Max Perutz, Austrian-born molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2002)
  • 1923-03-09 Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American scientist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 1998), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • 1926-07-16 Irwin Rose, American biologist, Nobel laureate (Chemistry 2004), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1927-06-28 Frank Rowland, Newport Beach, California, Nobel laureate in chemistry, (d. 2012)
  • 1937-12-31 Avram Hershko, Hungarian-born Israeli biochemist and Nobel laureate in Chemistry, born in Karcag, Hungary

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1943-04-15 Robert Lefkowitz, American physician (Nobel Prize for Chemistry), born in NYC, New York

Physician-scientist Robert Lefkowitz
Physician-scientist
Robert Lefkowitz

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1955-05-30 Brian Kobilka, American Nobel Prize winning chemistry professor (G protein-coupled receptors), born in Little Falls, Minnesota

Professor Brian Kobilka
Professor
Brian Kobilka

Famous Deaths


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934-07-04 Marie Skłodowska-Curie, French-Polish Physicist/Chemist, 1st woman to win Nobel Prize (1903, 1911) dies at 66 of radiation poisoning

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie
  • 1943-10-27 Isidor Traube, German Chemist (founded capillary chemistry, research on liquids), dies at 83
  • 1950-08-05 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist/bio-chemistry, dies at 73
  • 1953-09-16 Colin G Fink, US chemist (electro-chemistry), dies
  • 1998-01-09 Kenichi Fukui, Japanese Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1981) dies at 79
  • 2003-05-28 Ilya Prigogine, Russian-born physicist and chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1917)
  • 2011-10-23 Herbert A. Hauptman, American Mathematician whose models for determining the chemical crystal structures vital for life revolutionized chemistry, dies at 94
  • 2012-03-10 Frank Rowland, American Nobel laureate in chemistry, dies from Parkinson's disease at 84
  • 2015-06-02 Irwin Rose, American biologist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 2004), dies at 88
  • 2016-04-19 Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American scientist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 1998), dies at 93